Category Archives: Seattle Now and Then

Seattle Then & Now: The Youngstown Steel Mill

(click to enlarge photos)

THEN: The Seattle Times in its lengthy coverage of the then new Seattle Steel in the paper’s Magazine Section for Sept. 10, 1905 – the year this photograph was recorded – noted that “the plant itself is a series of strong, substantial, cavernous sheds, built for use, not for beauty.”  (Courtesy, MOHAI, the Museum of History and Industry)
THEN: The Seattle Times in its lengthy coverage of the then new Seattle Steel in the paper’s Magazine Section for Sept. 10, 1905 – the year this photograph was recorded – noted that “the plant itself is a series of strong, substantial, cavernous sheds, built for use, not for beauty.” (Courtesy, MOHAI, the Museum of History and Industry)
NOW: For his repeat Jean Sherrard stood on the Youngstown neighborhood’s SW Yancy Street, a few feet east of SW Avalon Way, shooting north through an industrial park that in the 109 years separating the “then” from the “now” has grown in every available direction for the production of steel.
NOW: For his repeat Jean Sherrard stood on the Youngstown neighborhood’s SW Yancy Street, a few feet east of SW Avalon Way, shooting north through an industrial park that in the 109 years separating the “then” from the “now” has grown in every available direction for the production of steel.

Here (at the top) is print number 12,920, preserved in the library of the Museum of History and Industry’s collection of historical photographs.  Like many of the archive’s early prints, this factory scene is mounted with a generous border to protect it from ‘dog ears’ and other indignities.  On the border of the stiff board, with the identifying number, is printed the caption: “Exterior view of Seattle Steel Company shortly after it began operation in 1905.”

The Seattle Times 1905 celebration of the city's new manufacturer.  (This printing is included for the design and not the reading - it is too small.)
The Seattle Times 1905 celebration of the city’s new manufacturer. (This printing is included for the design and not the reading – out copy is too small and smudged.)
For comparison, another early look at the new Seattle Steel Mill beside Young's Cover.  This prospect looks to the northwest from near Andover Street and the outlet of Longfellow Creek into the tideflats of Young's Cove.  The tide is down.  (Courtesy, MOHAI - an early print from their Webster Stevens Collection.)
For comparison, another early look at the new Seattle Steel Mill beside Young’s Cover. This prospect looks to the northwest from near Andover Street and the outlet of Longfellow Creek into the tideflats of Young’s Cove. The tide is down. We note that his WS print is the same one used in the 1905 Times clip above.  The Webster and Stevens (WS) studio was employed then to do the editorial photography for the afternoon newspaper.   (Courtesy, MOHAI – an early print from their Webster Stevens Collection.)

The rising smoke and steam of the featured photo on top confirm that the superheated work of transforming the industrial scraps, piled here on the south side of the factory, into useable steel is underway.  Much of it was rolled and stretched into bars used to strengthen concrete, like that used in Seattle’s first skyscraper, the then but one-year-old Alaska Building, which stands, both elegant and sturdy, at the southeast corner of Second Avenue and James Street.

A circa 1905 pan of the waterfront and business districts taken from the top of the Alaska Building when it was new.
A circa 1905 pan of the waterfront and business districts taken from the top of the Alaska Building when it was new.  CLICK to ENLARGE
The Alaska Building at the southeast corner of Second Avenue and Cherry Street.
The Alaska Building at the southeast corner of Second Avenue and Cherry Street.
William Piggott in his place, as rendered on page 180 of the 1906 book of sketches titled "Cartoons and Caricatures of Seattle Citizens"
William Pigott in his place, as rendered on page 180 of the 1906 book of sketches titled “Cartoons and Caricatures of Seattle Citizens.”   Most likely this ambitious tome was not produced by a “vanity press” with its contents paid for by the book’s subjects.  Pigot’s name is misspelled.

William Pigott, the factory’s founder, was variously described as a “devout Catholic” and “patriarchal capitalist.”  As soon as Pigott announced his factory plans in 1903, the small neighborhood on the west side of Pigeon Point began to boom with mill workers moving into new but modest homes.  Pigott first named it Humphrey after a town where he  had earlier lived and worked with steel, but he soon changed the name to Youngstown, after another patriarchal company town with rolling mills in Ohio.  Youngstown resisted

A clip from The Seattle Times for April 27, 1907 that elbows its way through some of the confusing complexities of annexation in 1907.
A clip from The Seattle Times for April 27, 1907 that elbows its way through some of the confusing complexities of injunctions and annexation in 1907.  CLICK TO ENLARGE

incorporation into its much larger neighbor to the west, West Seattle.  When Seattle did annex it in 1907, the unincorporated company town came along, most likely for the better sewerage and water.  By then Youngstown supported four saloons and a public school, the latter built by the mill.  The community also kept its eye on the frequently flooding Longfellow Creek that flowed and too often overflowed through it into Young’s Cove.

A Seattle Municipal Archive recording of the overflowing Longfellow Creek, recorded on Jan. 19, 1919.  The view looks north towards Andover Street, which is here built atop a low trestle as is approaches the creeks outflow into Young's Cove. [Courtesy, Seattle Municipal Archive]
A Seattle Municipal Archive recording of the overflowing Longfellow Creek, recorded on Jan. 19, 1919. The view looks north towards W.  Andover Street, which is here built atop a low trestle as is approaches the creeks outflow into Young’s Cove. [Courtesy, Seattle Municipal Archive]
And early look west into Youngstown from near Avalon Way.  Surely there are some bars among the businesses that line the south side of Andover Street.  The Pigeon Point "heights" are on the  horizon.  The photograph was taken by A. Curtis, or his studio, circa 1908.
And early look west into Youngstown from near Avalon Way. Surely there are some bars among the businesses that line the south side of Andover Street. The Pigeon Point “heights” are on the horizon. The photograph was taken by A. Curtis, or his studio, circa 1908.
Looking west from the dirt center of Andover that separates the wagon (or motorcar) planking on the left from the trolley tracks on the right.  Here about two blocks to the west, the company has built into Andover with a modest construction that resembles - at least - an office exterior to the plant proper, which here crowds Andover on the right.
Looking west from the dirt center of Andover that separates the wagon (or motorcar) planking on the left from the trolley tracks on the right. Here, about two blocks to the west, the company has built over the center-line of  Andover Street a modest construction that resembles – at least – an office sited exterior to the plant proper, which here crowds Andover on the right.   It is another prerogative of a “company town.”  The subject is dated from “about 1920.”
Like the subject directly above, this one also looks west on Andover, but also down on it form the neighborhood hotel.  The view is date 1919, and by then Pacific Coast Steel's Seattle plant was operating four open hearth furnaces.  It was easily the largest steel-making facility in the Pacific Northwest. [Courtesy, MOHAI]
Like the subject directly above, this one also looks west on Andover, but also down on it form the neighborhood hotel. The view is date 1919, and by then Pacific Coast Steel’s Seattle plant was operating four open hearth furnaces. It was easily the largest steel-making facility in the Pacific Northwest. [Courtesy, MOHAI]
The footprint of the yet-to-be-build steel plan copied from the 1904 Kroll map.
The footprint of the yet-to-be-built  steel plant copied from the 1904 Kroll map.

Drawn “from plans only,” a captioned footprint of the factory was printed in the1904 Kroll Seattle real estate map.  The map names, left to right, the Stock House, the Heating House (with the smokestacks), the Rolling Mill, and running east-to-west, several attached wings named collectively the Run-out Building and Warehouse.  Beyond these the Kroll map notes, “Tide flats, being filled in.”  These Young’s Cove tidelands between Pigeon Point, on the east, and West Seattle, on the west, would be reclaimed and covered by the expanding factory. Longfellow Creek is now carried to Elliott Bay via a culvert beneath the fill.

Marked "1953" with a postit at the top, here fare below is the steel mill and Young's cover a mere half-century since Pigott devised him plans and began rounding up and purchasing permits and real estate to build Seattle Steel.  The mill is below the subject's center, and below Spokane Street too, which comes from the far right where it crosses the West Waterway before passing below Pigeon Point on its way to West Seattle, on the left.
Marked “1953” with a post-it at the top in Elliott Bay, here far below we find the crowded steel mill filling Young’s cove a mere half-century since Pigott devised his plans and began rounding up and purchasing permits and real estate to build Seattle Steel. The mill is below the subject’s center, and also below Spokane Street, which comes from the far right where it crosses the West Waterway before passing below Pigeon Point, wrapped in its greenbelt, lower-right,  on its way to West Seattle, on the left.   Note the verdant acres, bottom-center, where Longfellow Creek passes through the Youngstown neighborhood as far as Andover Street.  From there the creek has been redirected to reach Elliott Bay thru covered culverts.
A detail from a 1909 map of Seattle marking both Youngstown and Youngs cover.  Seattle Steel is noted with its footprint.  [Courtesy, Greg Lange]
A detail from a 1909 map of Seattle marking both Youngstown and Youngs cove. Seattle Steel is noted with its footprint. [Courtesy, Greg Lange]
The plant and the neighborhood in a detail pulled from the 1912 Baist Real Estate Map.  Note how the tideflats of Youngs Cove have been drawn for sale, reclamation and development - to and by the steel manufacturers.
The plant and the neighborhood in a detail pulled from the 1912 Baist Real Estate Map. Note how the tideflats of Youngs Cove have been drawn for sale, reclamation and development – to and by the steel manufacturers.

Many years ago I first featured Seattle Steel in the Pacific Northwest Magazine.  Here’s a clip of it from the Sunday Times.

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Pacific Northwest readers may recall the Pacific Magazine’s recent May 25th cover story on this factory. See it online at http://bit.ly/1y2SKBF.   Or click on the next image below.

WEB EXTRAS

Anything to add, Paul?

Yes Jean, and some of it is inserted above your request – or will be – illustrating this week’s text itself.   As for LINKS there is but one this week, and it reaches back merely a few weeks to the feature SPOKANE STREET from WEST SEATTLE.   Ron Edge will put it up next.  If explored, this single link will lead the dedicated reader to many more features – more than twenty of them – that relate to the neighborhood widely considered.

THEN: In 1852 many of Seattle’s first pioneers removed from Alki Point by dugout canoe for the deeper and safer harbor along the east shore of Elliott Bay (our central waterfront).  About a half-century later any hope or expectation that the few survivors among these pioneers could readily visit Alki Beach and Point by land were fulfilled with the timber quays and bridges along Spokane Street. (Courtesy Seattle Municipal Archive)

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FOLLOWS

I found the prints below while doing research for a legal case years ago.  It had to do with responsibilities following damage from the flooding of the Longfellow Creek across Andover Street and into the industrial park, lighted like the inferno and spreading harrowing noises, now run by Nucor Steel Seattle.  The prints were all part of an exhibit, which, I figure, was shown at MOHAI, for it is, after all, a museum for both history and industry.

Pacific Coast Steel, about 1915 and after the large additions, left-of-center, were in place, reaching Andover Street on the far right.   Youngs Cove is still visited by the tides, and the photograph was taken over the Longfellow Creek outlet, and looking west to a West Seattle skyline that still mixes tall trees with new homes. (Courtesy, MOHAI)
Pacific Coast Steel, about 1915 and after the large additions, left-of-center, were in place, reaching Andover Street on the far right. Youngs Cove is still visited by the tides, and the photograph was taken over the Longfellow Creek outlet, and looking west to a West Seattle skyline that still mixes tall trees with new homes. (Courtesy, MOHAI)
This dark interior of the early plant's 12-inch rolling mill dates from about 1910.  We can imagine the mix of warm light from the furnaces with the cool blue light falling from the mill's high windows.
This dark interior of the early plant’s 12-inch rolling mill dates from about 1910. We can imagine the mix of warm light from the furnaces with the cool blue light falling from the mill’s high windows.

Ingots - all in a row - are here top cased in the open hearth pit, which was first opened soon after Pacific Steel too over Seattle Steel in 1911. [Courtesy, MOHAI]
Ingots – all in a row – are here top cased in the open hearth pit, which was first opened soon after Pacific Steel too over Seattle Steel in 1911. [Courtesy, MOHAI]
An early crew at Seattle Steel takes a break from its heavy labor at the rolling mill.  [Courtesy, MOHAI]
An early crew at Seattle Steel takes a break from its heavy labor at the rolling mill. [Courtesy, MOHAI]
An example of the scrap still - on top - that the men with tongs - at the middle - turn into ingots - at the bottom - with the help of great heat.  [Courtesy MOHAI]
An example of the scrap steel – on top – that is turned into ingots – at the bottom – with the help of great heat and the men in the middle.  These, however, are not from Seattle or Pacific or Bethlehem Steel, but from a smaller Seattle competitor, Northwest Steel. [Courtesy MOHAI]
Work on constructing a factory "shed" to house a new rolling mill.  Dated 1920, by then Pacific Coast Steel's Seattle branch was the largest steel making facility in the Pacific Northwest.  [Courtesy MOHAI]
Work on constructing a factory “shed” to house a new rolling mill. Dated 1920, by then Pacific Coast Steel’s Seattle branch was the largest steel making facility in the Pacific Northwest. [Courtesy MOHAI]
Bethlehem Steel purchase Pacific Coast Steel late in 1929, the year, also, of William Pigott's death and the start of the Great Depression.  South (left) of Spokane Street there is nothing tidal in Youngs Cove to be found here. [Courtesy, MOHAI]
Bethlehem Steel purchase Pacific Coast Steel late in 1929, the year, also, of William Pigott’s death and the start of the Great Depression. South (left) of Spokane Street there is nothing tidal in Youngs Cove to be found here. [Courtesy, MOHAI]
Another aerial of Bethlehem Steel, this one looking to the southeast with Spokane Street on the left. It is dated tentatively ca. 1955.  Avalon Way is bottom right, and the climb on Andover east up to Pigeon Point is upper-left.  The building on the right, with the five mostly smoking stacks, housed the open hearth furnaces where scrap steel was transformed into "new old steel."  Soon after this aerial was recorded the plant would be closed for installation of electric steel making equipment, in 1958.  [Courtesy, MOHAI]
Another aerial of Bethlehem Steel, this one looking to the southeast with Spokane Street on the left. It is dated tentatively ca. 1955. Avalon Way is bottom right, and the climb on Andover east up to Pigeon Point is upper-left. The building on the right, with the five mostly smoking stacks, housed the open hearth furnaces where scrap steel was transformed into “new old steel.” Soon after this aerial was recorded the plant would be closed for installation of electric steel making equipment, in 1958. [Courtesy, MOHAI]
Steel framework in place during the construction of the electric furnace building in the late 1950s.  [Courtesy MOHAI]
Steel framework in place during the construction of the electric furnace building in the late 1950s when two 100-ton units were installed, doubling the plant’s annual ingot capacity from 250,000  to 500,000 tons.  [Courtesy MOHAI]
The lid is opened on a new electric furnace to accept its first "charge of scrap" in the company of men in hardhats and, it appears, some suits.  [COURTESY MOHAI]
The lid is opened on a new electric furnace to accept its first “charge of scrap” in the company of men in hardhats and, it appears, some suits. [COURTESY MOHAI]
The MOHAI caption for this print expresses itself. "Always a dramatic sight . . . steel poured from an electric furnace at Bethlehem's Seattle Plant."  [Courtesy, MOHAI]
The MOHAI caption for this print expresses itself. “Always a dramatic sight . . . steel poured from an electric furnace at Bethlehem’s Seattle Plant.” [Courtesy, MOHAI]
In 1972, Bethlehem built this "baghouse" air pollution control system adjacent to the electric furnace shop.  [Courtesy, MOHAI]
In 1972, Bethlehem built this “baghouse” air pollution control system adjacent to the electric furnace shop. [Courtesy, MOHAI]

Seattle Now & Then: End of the Line for Golden Gardens

(click to enlarge photos)

THEN:  A circa 1908 look northeast through the terminus of the Loyal Electric Street Railway line at the corner of now Northwest 85th Street, 32nd Ave. Northwest, and Loyal Way Northwest.  (Courtesy, the Museum of History and Industry)
THEN: A circa 1908 look northeast through the terminus of the Loyal Electric Street Railway line at the corner of now Northwest 85th Street, 32nd Ave. Northwest, and Loyal Way Northwest. (Courtesy, the Museum of History and Industry)
NOW: The city purchased the Loyal Heights trolley line in 1918, and then in 1923 purchased Golden Gardens Park.  The distinguished brick business block at the southeast corner of 32nd Ave. NW and NW 85th Street was built in 1928 and is home for both the Caffe Fiore, at the corner, and seen here across Loyal Way, since 2003 the also popular Cocina Esperanza.
NOW: The city purchased the Loyal Heights trolley line in 1918, and then in 1923 purchased Golden Gardens Park. The distinguished brick business block at the southeast corner of 32nd Ave. NW and NW 85th Street was built in 1928 and is home for both the Caffe Fiore, at the corner, and seen here across Loyal Way, since 2003 the also popular Cocina Esperanza.

With their two daughters, Priscilla and Loyal, Olive and Harry Treat arrived in Seattle in 1904 and promptly built the mansion that famously survives on Queen Anne Hill’s Highland Drive.  When they arrived the Treats were rumored to be the richest couple in town.  Unquestionably cosmopolitan, they had lived in New York, Chicago, Paris and London before curiously choosing this frontier boomtown.

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At thirty-nine, Harry, a graduate of Cornell University and the Harvard Law School, was an energetic capitalist ready to invest, but not downtown.  Treat instead purchased a mix of stump land and forest north of Ballard and named it Loyal Heights, after the younger daughter.  Treat soon chose the developer’s familiar tools used to promote remote real estate additions.  In 1907 he built both a trolley line through the saleable land and an alluring “pleasure park” at the end of the line.

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Less than two miles after leaving downtown Ballard, the rails reached the line’s terminus here at Northwest 85th Street, then the city’s northern border, and 32nd Ave. Northwest.  Through its last four blocks, the Loyal Heights Line broke through the addition’s conventional grid by way of the surviving diagonal, Loyal Way Northwest.  The terminus featured a loop that enabled the trolley to turn around. This northwest corner of Seattle was 300 feet above Puget Sound, and between it and a fine beach below was the steep virgin land that Treat groomed into Golden Gardens Park.

A Times short Aug. 21, 1911 report on a planed Press Club Barn Dance at Treat's Golden Gardens.
A Times short Aug. 21, 1911 report on a planed Press Club Barn Dance at Treat’s Golden Gardens.
The Time July 7, 1921 report on the Southerners - one thousand of them! - plans to picnic at Golden Gardens.
The Time July 7, 1921 report on the Southerners – one thousand of them! – plans to picnic at Golden Gardens.
Works Progress Administration (WPA) depresson-time construction of steps to the Golden Gardens beach.  (Courtesy, Municipal Archive)
Works Progress Administration (WPA) depresson-time construction of steps to the Golden Gardens beach. (Courtesy, Municipal Archive)

The park name is signed on the banner far right at the rear of the trolley in the featured illustration at the top. The children posing beside it may include one or both of the Treat daughters.  And the driver of the carriage on the left may be Treat himself, an avid horseman.  To these eyes, at least, the profile of the one holding whip and reins resembles that of a Treat profile found on the Queen Anne Historical Society’s Website.  In the photo the developer is shaking hands with Buffalo Bill during the famous showman’s 1915 visit that included a special staging of his Wild West Show for, again, Loyal, the younger daughter.

A Times front page for July 31, 1922 report on the death of Harry Treat.
A Times front page for July 31, 1922 report on the death of Harry Treat.

In more than one posthumous description of Harry Treat as a horseman, it is claimed that “as a tandem and four-in-hand driver he had no superior in the West.” It is a mix of tragedy and irony that he died at the wheel, not the reins. In 1922, while pursuing mining opportunities in Canada, his last interest, Treat attempted to turn his motorcar around on a narrow mountain road and wound up plunging into a precipice.

MEADOW  POINT

Golden Gardens beach with Meadows Point beyond.  (Courtesy, MOHAI)
Golden Gardens beach with Meadows Point beyond. (Courtesy, MOHAI)
The beach a few years past.
The beach a few years past.
"Pleasure Meadows" as it appeared in The Times.
“Pleasure Meadows” as it appeared in The Times.

WEB EXTRAS

Anything to add, Paul?  Ron Edge has put up a few of his links.  Things are working fine at his home.  Otherwise here we hope to attend to these gilded pleasures tomorrow.  As you know Jean the computer crashed for a few hours earlier this evening.   But tomorrow we expect to carry on from the Golden Rule Bazaar, now at the bottom,  with a golden hodgepodge.

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THEN: Looking east from the roof of the still standing testing lab, the Lock’s Administration Building (from which this photograph was borrowed) appears on the left, and the district engineer’s home, the Cavanaugh House (still standing) on the center horizon. (Photo courtesy Army Corps of Engineers at Chittenden Locks)

Seattle Now & Then: The Arkona at First and Denny

(click to enlarge photos)

THEN: In 1913, or near to it, an unnamed photographer recorded this view southeast across the Lower Queen Anne corner of Denny Way and First Avenue North. Out of frame to the left, the northeast corner of this intersection was home then for the Burdett greenhouse and gardens. By its own claim, it offered plants of all sorts, “the largest and most complete stock to choose from in the state.”   Courtesy, the Museum of North Idaho.
THEN: In 1913, or near to it, an unnamed photographer recorded this view southeast across the Lower Queen Anne corner of Denny Way and First Avenue North. Out of frame to the left, the northeast corner of this intersection was home then for the Burdett greenhouse and gardens. (We have include an advertisement for them below.)  By its own claim, Burdett offered plants of all sorts, “the largest and most complete stock to choose from in the state.” Courtesy, the Museum of North Idaho.
NOW: Jean discovered that the lower and larger panel of this correctly chosen window was stuck closed, so instead he extended his camera through a narrow opening to the side of the upper panel and recorded this view, which sees considerably farther south on First Avenue.  Thanks to archivist Julie Keressen at Seattle Municipal Archives for discovering that the part of Denny Way seen here was considerably widened to the south in the early 1920s.  A combination of that widening and Jean’s extended arm open up the view south on First Avenue and into Belltown.
NOW: Jean discovered that the lower and larger panel of this correctly chosen window was stuck closed, so instead he extended his camera through a narrow opening to the side of the upper panel and recorded this view, which sees considerably farther south on First Avenue. Thanks to archivist Julie Keressen at Seattle Municipal Archives for discovering that the part of Denny Way seen here was considerably widened to the south in the early 1920s. A combination of that widening and Jean’s extended arm open up the view south on First Avenue and into Belltown.

While Seattle was building long piers with landmark towers on the central waterfront and first staging Golden Potlatches, the week-long summer festivals that began in 1911, on city streets, an alert and now nameless photographer produced a collection of sharp negatives enamored with schooners, steamers and Potlatch parade floats.

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The window shot at the top, however, is unique for her or him.  From the northwest corner of First Ave. N. and Denny Way, the subject looks southeast from a fourth floor window – perhaps the photographer’s apartment.

This detail pulled from the 1912 Baist Real Estate Map has Denny Way running along the bottom.
This detail pulled from the 1912 Baist Real Estate Map has Denny Way running along the bottom.  The Regent Apartments are show  – although not named – near the map’s lower-left corner at the northwest corner of Denny Way and First Ave. North.  Not counting the fire station (far right, on a site now supporting the Space Needle), there are eleven brick buildings (the red ones) scattered among the wooden ones in these 21 lower Queen Anne blocks. [CLICK TO ENLARGE]

The Regent Apartments were built in 1908.  From the prospect, here at the top, one got an unimpeded view of the razing of Denny Hill for the Denny Regrade until 1910, when the Raymond Apartments, whose rear wall is seen here kitty-corner and beyond the billboards, opened its 37 two-room units to renters.  The Regent was considerably larger with 59 units.  These two apartment houses were part of the earliest brick reconstruction of this “North Seattle” neighborhood that had been swiftly built of wood during Seattle’s first boom decades of the 1880s and 1890s.

The Regent, here renamed the Wm. Daniels apartments, rises above a trolley turning south onto First Avenue from Denny Way.
The Raymond Apartments, here renamed the Wm. Daniels Apartments, rise above a trolley turning west  onto Denny Way from First Avenue.  The reader may decide if the couple, clutching their purses and packages and watching the trolley, are preparing to board it or waiting for it to pass by, allowing them then to cross Denny Way..   The Regent/Arkona Apartments are just off the photo’s border to the left, behind them.
With his back to the Arkona, Lawton Gowey recorded this look down First Avenue on November 2, 1968.  The date is penned on its slide, but not for another of Gowey's cityscapes, the one immediately below.  (It was unlike him not to write a date down.)  We can tell from the distant skyline that the snap below is later than the one above.
With his back to the Arkona, Lawton Gowey recorded this look down First Avenue on November 2, 1968. The date is penned on this slide’s cardboard frame, but not for another of Gowey’s Kodachrome cityscapes, the one immediately below. (It was unlike him not to write down a date.) We can tell from the distant skyline that the snap below is later than the one above.
Ivars sign here still holds to the north facade of the
Ivars sign here still holds to the north facade of the Raymond Apartments.  Included below with the Link named  “Sharred Walls” is a feature on the Raymond – seen from the front.
The sign to Ivar's Fish Bar on Denny Way. The variety of menus was something he introduced with his fire drive-in in a converted Capitol Hill gas station on Broadway Avenue at Thomas Street in the 1950s.
The sign to Ivar’s Fish Bar on Denny Way. The variety of menus was something he introduced in the 1950s with his first drive-in housed in a converted Capitol Hill gas station on Broadway Avenue at Thomas Street..

The Regent’s managers did not promote this view south into the business district but rather that to the west.  A Dec. 15, 1912, classified ad for the Regent reads, “Commanding a view of the Sound and being within easy walking distance of the city, or excellent car service, this building is exceptionally well located.  The apartments are first class and modern in every respect.  Three rooms at $15 and $20.  Four rooms, $27.50 and $30.”

The 25-year-old Regent
The 15-year-old Regent was sold to California investors, and pictured in the January 28, 1923 Sunday Times. [CLICK TO ENLARGE]

In 1925, after the apartments were sold to a San Francisco investor for “a consideration of $110,000,” the name was changed to the Arkona. This was short-lived.  After John and Winifred Paul purchased the Arkona Apartments in 1927 for $150,000, they whimsically changed its name to Pauleze. Winifred died there in 1932, but Paul continued living in and managing their apartment house until 1957, when he too died, but not the punning name.  It remained the Pauleze until the late 1970s, when, for reasons we have not found, the name Arkona Apartments was revived.

Jack Paul's obituary as is appeared in The Seattle Times for Dec. 6, 1957.
Jack Paul’s obituary as is appeared in The Seattle Times for Dec. 6, 1957.

In the mid-1980s, with the help of Dave Osterberg, a friend who was then the development manager for Environmental Works, acting as guide for the transfer, the collection of negatives of which this subject was one, “came home” to Seattle from the Museum of North Idaho.  With a donation to the museum from Ivar Haglund, the negatives were purchased for the University of Washington Libraries, Special Collections.

A page from The Seattle Times for March 10, 1910, which includes an advertisement for The Burdett Company nursery that was across First Ave. North from the Regent's front door.  The detail from the 1912  Baist Map printed above reveals that this business filled most of the block north to John Street.
A page from The Seattle Times for March 10, 1910, which includes an advertisement for The Burdett Company nursery that was directly across First Ave. North from the Regent’s front door. The detail from the 1912 Baist Map printed above reveals that this verdant concern  filled most of the block north to John Street. CLICK TO ENLARGE
An early 20th Century look up First North from Denny Way.  My notes advise "about 1903."  If so then still five years before the construction of the Regent/Ankona.  The long lot on the far right is home for the
An early 20th Century look up First North from Denny Way. My notes advise “about 1903.” If so then still five years before the construction of the Regent/Ankona. The long lot on the far right is home for the Burdett nursery.
Here too we look north on First Avenue North thru Denny Way.  The Ankona is on the left, and here too Lawton has not dated his slide - unless he has and I missed it.  (That seems more likely.)  Here the traffic is two way, but not so in the Gowey slide directly below.
Here too we look north on First Avenue North thru Denny Way. The Ankona is on the left, and here as well Lawton has not dated his slide – unless he has and I missed it. (That seems more likely.) Here the traffic is two way, but not so in the Gowey slide directly below.  Time has passed there. 
With the Ankona on the left and still looking north on one-way First Ave. North with traffic heading north in 1971,
With the Ankona on the left and still looking north on one-way First Ave. North with traffic heading only north in 1971,

WEB EXTRAS

Anything to add, dear Paul?  At first – and perhaps last – look Ron and I have found a dozen  links to past features, all from within the still brief life of this blog: a few years.   They are packed with Queen Anne – both upper and lower – history.

The first of these twelve includes brief illustrated essays on sever other Seattle apartment houses, including the Raymond, which is the pie-shaped brick apartment at the corner of Warren and First that partially blocks the view from our window above into both the regrade and the central business district.  Following the links I’ll hang a some more images from the neighborhood, either before climbing to nighty-bears, or tomorrow.   Meanwhile there is enough included in the dozen links below to keep one engaged for a long as it once upon a time took one to sit thru “Meet the Press.”

THEN:  Louis Rowe’s row of storefronts at the southwest corner of First Ave. (then still named Front Street) and Bell Street appear in both the 1884 Sanborn real estate map and the city’s 1884 birdseye sketch.  Most likely this view dates from 1888-89.  (Courtesy: Ron Edge)

From 1954

THEN: The Dog House at 714 Denny Way was strategically placed at the southern terminus for the Aurora Speedway when it was new in the mid-1930s.  (Photo courtesy of Washington State Archive, Bellevue Community College Branch.)

THEN: Before this the first shovel of the last of Denny Hill was ceremonially dropped to the conveyor belt at Battery Street, an “initial bite of 30,000 cubic yards of material” was carved from the cliff along the east side of 5th Avenue to make room for both the steam shovel and several moveable belts that extended like fingers across the hill.  It was here that they met the elevated and fixed last leg of the conveyor system that ran west on Battery Street to the waterfront.  (Courtesy, Seattle Municipal Archive)

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Seattle Now & Then: Salmon Bay

(click to enlarge photos)

THEN: Captioned Salmon Bay, 1887, this is most likely very near the eastern end of the bay where it was fed by Ross Creek, the Lake Union outlet. (Courtesy, Michael Maslan Vintage Posters and Photographs)
THEN: Captioned Salmon Bay, 1887, this is most likely very near the eastern end of the bay where it was fed by Ross Creek, the Lake Union outlet. (Courtesy, Michael Maslan Vintage Posters and Photographs)
NOW: Beginning in 1903 and continuing even after the 1917 opening of the Lake Washington Ship Canal, both Ross Creek and the Salmon Bay shoreline were extensively reshaped for commerce and recreation.
NOW: Beginning in 1903 and continuing even after the 1917 opening of the Lake Washington Ship Canal, both Ross Creek and the Salmon Bay shoreline were extensively reshaped for commerce and recreation.

This picturesque pioneer snapshot was copied from a family album filled with prints, interpreted with terse captions hand-written on their borders. It reads simply “Salmon Bay, 1887,” a date used on several other photographs protected within the album’s covers.  If correct, then this is a rare early photographic record of Salmon Bay.

Appearing in the same Lowman album, this may be the same sail boat, although this was is not dated.  Aftern knowning this image since Michael Maslan first showed it to me, I did not until this afternoon notice that it is a detail made - in part - from the print that follows.  The negative for both is of course wider, at least to the right.  Still not date, but the subject is identified.  (Courtesy Michael Maslan)
Appearing in the same Lowman album, this may be the same sail boat – named the Pauline –  although this print is not dated. After knowing this image since Michael Maslan first showed it to me more than a quarter-century ago, I did not, until this afternoon, notice that it is a detail made – in part – from the print that follows. The negative for both is of course wider, at least it is wider to the right. Still no date, but the subject is identified. (Courtesy Michael Maslan)

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To the inevitable “where on Salmon Bay?” there are two choices.  The forested hill across the waterway must be either Queen Anne or the part of the Magnolia headland above where the Salmon Bay channel begins out of Shilshole Bay – near Ray’s boathouse.  Both sites would have required James Lowman, the owner of the photo album and probably both the camera and the sailboat, to reach the bay by sailing from the Seattle waterfront around the Magnolia peninsula. The voyage may well have begun at Yesler’s Wharf, which Lowman managed for his uncle, Henry Yesler.

This boat is for rowing on - the album notes - "On the lake."  It does not tell us what lake, although it is almost certainly either Union or Washington.
This boat is for rowing on – the album notes – “On the lake.” It does not tell us what lake, although it is almost certainly either Union or Washington.

 Jean and I chose the Queen Anne site, largely on the evidence of the timber trestle that runs beside the distant shoreline.  It was also in 1887 that the Seattle Lake Shore and Eastern Railroad completed its line from the Seattle waterfront north through Interbay to Salmon Bay, and then east to Lake Union along Ross Creek, the lake’s outlet below the north end of Queen Anne Hill.  In 1887 there may have been some settlers’ docks beside Salmon Bay, but no extended trestles except this one.

Salmon Bay - and Magnolia - as the federal surveyors first drew it in the late 1850s.  Note where the bay is met by the creek near the right border.
Salmon Bay (although named Shilshole) – and Magnolia – as the federal surveyors first drew it in the late 1850s. Note where the bay is met by the creek near the number “13” close to the right border.  In this editing the borders for the first claims in Interbay and the future Ballard have been drawn in.
This helpful map drawn by the U.S. Dept of Commerce about a quarter-century ago, shows the shoreline of Salmon Bay before and after the filling of it behind the Chittenden Locks in 1916.  This is a detail from the larger map that also shows the changes for all of the canal and the lakes too.
This helpful map drawn by the U.S. Dept of Commerce about a quarter-century ago, shows the shoreline of Salmon Bay before and after the filling of it behind the Chittenden Locks in 1916. This is a detail from the larger map that also shows the changes for all of the canal and the lakes too.   CLICK IT!   Note the 8th Avenue railroad bridge  to the right of the shadowed crease in the map.
Looking west up the canal past an unidentified vessel to the railroad's 8th Avenue bridge, which was ordinarily open like the Great Northern bridge west of the Chittenden Locks.
Looking west up the canal past an unidentified vessel to the railroad’s 8th Avenue bridge, which was ordinarily open like the Great Northern bridge west of the Chittenden Locks.
Looking east at the same tug-guided vessel heading for the lakes.
Looking east at the same tug-guided vessel heading for the lakes.
Another look west along the completed canal with the 8th Ave. railroad bridge showing on the left and Ballard beyond it. (Courtesy, MOHAI)
Another look west along the completed canal with the 8th Ave. railroad bridge – here down – seen on the left and steaming Ballard beyond it.  The south entrance to the Fremont Bridge is far right. (Courtesy, MOHAI)
I confess to not having studied this charming waterway with the rigor required to confirm that it is what it claims to be: the outlet for Lake Union heading west to Ballard; that is Ross Creek.  The mill we see on the dim horizon is then one of Ballard's and the little bridge perhaps the first one built for the railroad (first the Seattle Lake Shore and Eastern) in 1887 before it was replaced ultimately with the 8th Ave. bascule.
I confess to not having studied this charming waterway with the rigor required to confirm that it is what it claims to be: the outlet for Lake Union heading west to Ballard; that is Ross Creek. The mill we see on the dim horizon is then one of Ballard’s and the little bridge perhaps the first one built for the railroad (first the Seattle Lake Shore and Eastern) in 1887 before it was replaced ultimately with the 8th Ave. bascule.
The first Army Corp decreed digging of the canal between Fremont and Ballard, and early, 1903.  The creek was "regularized" but the funding insufficient to do much more.  This scene like the one above it (we think) looks west.  (Courtesy, Army Corps of Engineers)
The first Army Corp decreed digging of the canal between Fremont and Ballard, and early, 1903. The creek was “regularized” but the funding insufficient to do much more. This scene like the one above it (we think) looks west. (Courtesy, Army Corps of Engineers)
The shaped ditch looking back at the still low Fremont Bridge with Lake Union dam just beyond, circa 1903.
The shaped ditch, looking back at the still low Fremont Bridge with the Lake Union dam just beyond it, circa 1903. (Courtesy, Army Corps of Engineers)
James Lowman in his "chamber of commerce prime."
James Lowman in his “chamber of commerce prime.”  (Courtesy, The Rainier Club)
Copied from the family album, the Lowman Mansion at the southeast corner of Boren Avenue and Marion Street in 1894. (Courtesy, Michael Maslan)
Copied from the family album, the Lowman Mansion at the southeast corner of Boren Avenue and Marion Street in 1894. (Courtesy, Michael Maslan)
The album's caption names the dogs on the Lowman's front porch but not the women.
The album’s caption names the dogs on the Lowman’s front porch but not the women.
Looking to the northeast towards the Lowman Home from the corner of Boren and Columbia in 1896.
Looking to the northeast towards the Lowman Home from the corner of Boren and Columbia in 1896.  (Courtesy – like all those form the Lowman Album – of Michael Maslan)
A page from the Lowman Family Album.
A page from the Lowman Family Album, FOLLOWED BY SIX MORE.
This illuminated tableau has some classical allusion that is, at least, lost on me, although it surely pleases me.
This illuminated tableau has some classical allusion that is, at least, lost on me, although it surely pleases me and, I suspect, you too.   Lowman was one of the founders of The Seattle Theatre.

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In 1946, after greeting his 89th birthday with a morning visit to his barber, James Lowman returned to his First Hill mansion, The Seattle Times reported, to spend “several hours . . . reminiscing over a volume containing pictures of Seattle’s pioneer residences.  In it is a picture of his home.”  Somewhere between “very likely” and “highly possible,” the album that Lowman lost himself in was the one uncovered by friend Michael Maslan, a collector and dealer in vintage photographs and posters.

Lowman ritually pouring tea for his wife.
Lowman ritually pouring tea for his wife.

In the early 1980s Mike shared the Lowman album with me for copying and study.  I have often used it in these pages.  Included are pictures of Mary Emery Lowman, whom James married two years after he, we assume, photographed this Salmon Bay scene.  Perhaps Mary is sitting in the sailboat and being courted.  She would have been 24 years old.  Married in 1889, they lived together for a half-century on First Hill, until Mary’s death in 1939.  Still living in his mansion, James died eight year later at age 90.

A friend, most likely, posing in costume and in the album.
A friend, most likely, posing in costume and in the album.
The unintended effects of a double exposure - in the album.  (Courtesy again of Michael Maslan)
The unintended effects of a double exposure – in the album. (Courtesy again of Michael Maslan)

WEB EXTRAS

Anything to add, Paul?

Jean I hear the pacing of soft pads with retracted claws signaling me to nighty-bears.   It is 3am, but Ron Edge will be up soon – most likely around 5am – and put up, I believe, no less than NINE relevant links.   Early Sunday afternoon I’ll return for proofreading and  with two features printed now long ago in the Times, and one of them also in the second Seattle Now and Then volume.  Both are short essays on two more of Lowman’s nature subjects – Lake Union shorelines – and like our feature at the top, both are dated from or in 1887.

THEN: A Seattle Street and Sewer Department photographer recorded this scene in front of the nearly new City-County Building in 1918.  The view looks west from 4th Avenue along a Jefferson Street vacated in this block except for the municipal trolley tracks.  (Photo courtesy Seattle Municipal Archive)

THEN: Looking east from the roof of the still standing testing lab, the Lock’s Administration Building (from which this photograph was borrowed) appears on the left, and the district engineer’s home, the Cavanaugh House (still standing) on the center horizon. (Photo courtesy Army Corps of Engineers at Chittenden Locks)

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THEN: From the Fremont Bridge, this subject looks northwest across the torrent that followed the washout of the Fremont Dam in the early afternoon of March 13, 1914.  Part of the Bryant Lumber and Shingle Mill appears left-of-center.  The north end of the Stone Way Trestle appears in the upper right corner. (Courtesy, Seattle Municipal Archives)

Seattle Now & Then: The Fremont Trolley Barn

(click to enlarge photos)

THEN: One of a few photographs recording from different prospects the Fremont trolley car barn on Dec.11, 1936.  North 35th Street, on the right, was originally named Blewett for Edward and Carrie Blewett.  In 1888 the couple, fresh from Fremont, Nebraska, first named and promoted Fremont as a Seattle neighborhood. That year Fremont also got its lumber mill. (Courtesy, Lawton Gowey)
THEN: One of a few photographs recording from different prospects the Fremont trolley car barn on Dec.11, 1936. North 35th Street, on the right, was originally named Blewett for Edward and Carrie Blewett. In 1888 the couple, fresh from Fremont, Nebraska, first named and promoted Fremont as a Seattle neighborhood. That year Fremont also got its lumber mill. (Courtesy, Lawton Gowey)
NOW: For his “repeat” Jean stepped into the street to reveal, above the Fremont Fair booths at the scene’s center, the northeast corner of the surviving Fremont Car Barn. Since 2006, it has been a factory for Theo Chocolate, where the confectioner prepares “organic and fair-trade” sweets.
NOW: For his “repeat” Jean stepped into the street to reveal, above the Fremont Fair booths at the scene’s center, the northeast corner of the surviving Fremont Car Barn. Since 2006, it has been a factory for Theo Chocolate, where the confectioner prepares “organic and fair-trade” sweets.

The negative for this scene of industrial clutter is marked “Fremont Barn – N.E. Corner, Dec. 11, 1936.”  “Barn” is short for “trolley car barn,” that long and well-windowed brick structure that fills the horizon from N. 35th Street on the right to the interrupting house on the left.  It was photographed without credit, although most likely by an employee of Seattle’s municipal railways. From mid-block, the prospect looks west through the long block on Fremont’s 35th Street between Evanston and Phinney Avenues.

The featured photo was one of a few taken the December day centering on “barn.”  We will follow here with three more.

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The car barn across the canal with B.F.Day primary school on the left horizon.  (Courtesy, Lawton Gowey)
The car barn across the canal with B.F.Day primary school on the left horizon. (Courtesy, Lawton Gowey)

When it was completed in 1905, the ornate barn, along with the B.F. Day School nearby on Fremont Avenue, was one of the few brick structures in this mill town neighborhood. Inside the barn there were accommodations for the trainmen and also three bays for trolley car repairs.  Most of the homes built in the Fremont neighborhood, after 1888 when the lumber mill opened, were modest residences for workers.  In 1936 there were sixteen houses on this long block.  Now, it seems, only six have endured.

Trainmen posing in the open bays.
Trainmen posing in the open bays.

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As can be seen in the primary feature photo at the top, between the home and the barn there was room for both a yard of well-packed trollies, and closer to the photographer, an uncovered storage for stacks of what appear to me to be trolley-car-wide blocks of formed concrete. (Perhaps a reader will know and share their use.) With the help of a 1936 aerial photograph, we can see both the stacks of concrete and count a dozen rows of trollies resting on their tracks – spurs off N. 34th Street – in the yard between the barn and the stacks.  The twelve tracks were all five cars long, and so this parking lot could accommodate a maximum of 60 trolley cars tightly fit like these.

A detail from the 1936 aerial coverage of Seattle.  The trolley barn is far left at the corner of Phinney Ave. N. and N. 34th Street (at the bottom of the detail) with Evanston Ave. N., far right.  The house with its northwest corner showing in the feature photograph, is mid-block on the south side of N. 35th Street between Evanston and Phinney.  Between it and the rows of parked trollies the scattering of white forms - the same as those at the top - appear.  (Courtesy, Ron Edge)
A detail from the 1936 aerial coverage of Seattle. The trolley barn is far left at the corner of Phinney Ave. N. and N. 34th Street (at the bottom of the detail) with Evanston Ave. N., far right. The house, with its northwest corner showing in the feature photograph, is mid-block on the south side of N. 35th Street between Evanston and Phinney. Between it and the rows of parked trollies, the scattering of white forms – the same as those at the top – appear. (Courtesy, Ron Edge)
A similar detail for comparison, this one of the 1929 aerial survey.  (Courtesy, Seattle Engineering Dept. and Ron Edge)
A similar detail for comparison, this one of the 1929 aerial survey. (Courtesy, Seattle Engineering Dept. and Ron Edge)
Also for comparison, the featured photograph from 1936 set beside a detail from the 1912 Baist Real Estate Map.  The trolley is aglow in red.
Also for comparison, the featured photograph from 1936 set beside a detail from the 1912 Baist Real Estate Map. The trolley is aglow in red.

In 1936 the municipal system ran 410 often-dilapidated electric trolleys over its worn 224 miles of tracks.  Leslie Blanchard, Seattle’s trolley historian, described 1936 as “the beginning of one of the most violent and spectacular political free-for-alls ever witnessed in the city of Seattle.”  The fight was over whether to keep to the tracks and fix-up the system or convert it entirely to rubber, with busses and trackless trollies.  Of course, the latter won, and between 1940 and 1942 the tracks were pulled up and the trollies scrapped.  The Fremont Barn was then purchased by the army for wartime storage.

The parks cars were hosed from towers.
The parks cars were hosed from towers.

Friday the eleventh of December 1936 is well remembered on both the sentimental and scandalous sides of world history. While the photographer for this Fremont scene was, perhaps, having breakfast, His Royal Highness, the Duke of Windsor, explained to the British Empire by radio from Windsor Castle, that the burden of being king was a “heavy responsibility too great to bear without the help and support of the woman I love.”  The trouble, of course, was that “that American woman,” Mrs. Wallace Simpson, was already married.

WEB EXTRAS

Anything to add, Paul?

JEAN, as our readers may suspect, we often return to Fremont.  Still this week for Ron “EDGE-LINKS” we will restrain ourselves and include only a half-dozen or so.  In this conspiracy, for reasons we will make clear below, we have an eye out for the blog you did years ago recording (with whatever Nikon you had at the time)  one of the Fremont Solstice Day parades.   We will not fail in this.  In our several years of producing dorpatsherrardlomont it has been easily the most viewed – or goggled – post we have put up.  This shaking of hits has more to do with hirsute than heritage  Following the links we will chain a few Fremont strays to this barn.  First, the reader is encourage to click on the seven pictured links below.  They all include Fremont features and more.   Of the seven we have put at the bottom the recent feature on they day the Fremont Dam broke in 1914.

THEN: The rear end of the derailed trolley on N. 35th Street appears right-of-center a few feet east of Albion Place N. and the curved track from which the unrestrained car jumped on the morning of August 21, 1903. (Courtesy, Fremont Historical Society)

Built for the manufacture of a fantastic engine that did not make it beyond its model, the Fremont factory’s second owner, Carlos Flohr, used it to build vacuum chambers for protecting telescope lenses.  Thirty feet across and made from stainless steel the lens holders were often mistaken for flying saucers.  (photo courtesy Kvichak marine Industries.)

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THEN: From the Fremont Bridge, this subject looks northwest across the torrent that followed the washout of the Fremont Dam in the early afternoon of March 13, 1914.  Part of the Bryant Lumber and Shingle Mill appears left-of-center.  The north end of the Stone Way Trestle appears in the upper right corner. (Courtesy, Seattle Municipal Archives)

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The Fremont Car Barn on Sept. 23, 1919.  Over the bays the private company name has been replaced with the public name.  (Courtesy, Seattle Municipal Archive)
The Fremont Car Barn on Sept. 23, 1919. Over the bays the private company name has been replaced with the public name. (Courtesy, Seattle Municipal Archive)
Lawton Gowey's May 27, 1968 recording of the barn when it was still used for storage.
Lawton Gowey’s May 27, 1968 recording of the barn when it was still used for storage.
The barn during a recent Fremont Fair.  I recorded this but have lost the year - for now.
The barn during a recent Fremont Fair. I recorded this but have lost the year – for now.
The text the hung from the oldest of the three photos above with its printing in The Seattle Times Pacific Magazine for January 31, 1988.
The text the hung from the oldest of the three photos above with its printing in The Seattle Times Pacific Magazine for January 31, 1988.

 

Seattle Now & Then: When the Circus Came to Town

(click to enlarge photos)

THEN: In the first years of the twentieth century, visiting circuses most often used these future Seattle Center acres to raise their big tops.  After 1911 the favored circus site was moved to the then freshly-cleared Denny Regrade neighborhood (Courtesy, Mike Cirelli)
THEN: In the first years of the twentieth century, visiting circuses most often used these future Seattle Center acres to raise their big tops. After 1911 the favored circus site was moved to the then freshly-cleared Denny Regrade neighborhood (Courtesy, Mike Cirelli)
NOW: In a service “pit” west of the north bleachers of the High School Memorial Stadium, Jean stands at least near the prospect of the historical photographer
NOW: In a service “pit” west of the north bleachers of the High School Memorial Stadium, Jean stands at least near the prospect of the historical photographer

After calls for help and hours of research on line and off, this subject still puzzles me.  The prospect is easy enough to describe, and I soon will.  Rather it is the subject: seven women sitting on handsome horses who have been trained to stay balanced on those odd pedestals. Who are they – the women and the horses?  That the riders are dressed up in the style of the time – ca. 1910 – we can corroborate by comparing them to the tiny pedestrians, far left, walking west beside Republican Street. They are draped the same.

The Roslyn Hotel, 1930, southeast corner of 5th Ave. and Republican Street. (Courtesy, Seattle Times)
The Roslyn Hotel, 1930, southeast corner of 5th Ave. and Republican Street. (Courtesy, Seattle Times)
The first Seattle Times listed classified for the Roslyn Hotel,
The first Seattle Times listed classified for the Roslyn Hotel, ;Feb. 3, 1909.
Another Times classified for the Roslyn Hotel, this one from Oct. 17, 1927, indicates that in the eighteen years that separates them inflation has, it seems, little effect.  In two more years with the Great Depression, lodgings at the hotel may well have depressed as well.
Another Times classified for the Roslyn Hotel, this one from Oct. 17, 1927, indicates that in the eighteen years that separates them inflation has, it seems, had little effect. In two more years with the Great Depression, week-long lodgings at the hotel may well have depressed as well.

This prospect can be figured within a half-block.  Looking east, Capitol Hill is on the horizon, and the three-story structure above the posing line of equestriennes is the Roslyn Hotel at the southeast corner of Republican and Fifth Avenue.  A Roslyn classified first appeared in The Times for Feb. 3, 1909, promising “elegant furnished rooms, electric lights, steam heat, hot and cold water in every room, absolutely the best in Seattle: rates $3 to $5 dollars per week; only 50 cents extra for two persons in the same room.”

A Seattle Times clip from March 1, 1932.
A Seattle Times clip from March 1, 1932.

The hotel’s sign is centered along its rooftop cornice, just above rider number two – from the left – one of the three riders in white and mounted on dark horses.  A friend, the writer-collector Stephan Lundgren, first alerted me to the “gray scale rhythm” of this tableau. It alternates women in white on dark mounts with women in black on white ones (in black and white photography). Lundgren concludes, “That’s not random, those are costumes.”  The novelist is pleased that the one dappled steed, third from the left, syncopates the otherwise regular rhythm of the line.

Getting situated, the Troy Laundry, far left, was near the northwest corner of 4th Ave. N. and Republican Street.  So the unnamed circus big tops are between Republican and Mercer Streets and at least west of 4th Avenue.  (Courtesy, Lawton Gowey)
Getting situated, the Troy Laundry, far left, was near the northwest corner of 4th Ave. N. and Republican Street. So the unnamed circus big tops are between Republican and Mercer Streets and at least west of 4th Avenue. (Courtesy, Lawton Gowey)
Looking west on Republican Street from near Hob Hill Avenue.  The two story frame building top-center, sat at the northwest corner of 3rd Ave. N. and Republican.  We have dated this too, circa 1912.   The Photographer was Max Loudon.
Looking west on Republican Street from near Hob Hill Avenue. The two story frame building top-center, sat at the northwest corner of 3rd Ave. N. and Republican. We have dated this too, circa 1912. The Photographer was Max Loudon.
Looking north from what is now the northeast corner of the Seattle Center Buildling (aka Food Circus or Armory), so Nob Hill Ave. is on the right and Third Ave. N. on the left.   This is another unidentified circus at the "old grounds" on the future Seattle Center.
Looking north from what is now the northeast corner of the Seattle Center Building (aka Food Circus or Armory), so Nob Hill Ave. is on the right and Third Ave. N. on the left. This is another unidentified circus at the “old grounds” on the future Seattle Center.
Years later, looking north on 3rd Ave. N. from its southeast corner with Harrison Street, and showing the commercial box, again, far left, at the northwest corner of 3rd and Republican.  The public works photo was recorded on Jan. 9, 1928 as early evidence of work on the new Civic Auditorium.  Some of the same homes on the north side of Mercer Street, included in the subject above this one, appear here as well.  (Courtesy, Municipal Archives.)
Years later, looking north on 3rd Ave. N. from its southeast corner with Harrison Street, and showing the commercial box, again, far left, at the northwest corner of 3rd and Republican. This public works photo was recorded on Jan. 9, 1928 as early evidence of work on the new Civic Auditorium, far-right. Some of the same homes on the north side of Mercer Street, included in the subject above this one, appear here as well. (Courtesy, Municipal Archives.)

The pedestrians, far left, in the featured photograph at the top, are almost certainly either headed for a circus or leaving one.  But which circus and when?  Two experts (and past subjects of this feature) might have helped, but both died years ago.  Michael Sporrer knew circus history hereabouts in great detail, and it was the historian Mike Cirelli who first shared this photograph with me.  At that time, without much study, Cirelli knew where it was but not yet, very well, who or what it was.

Two from The Times on the Norris and Rowe circus during their May, 1909 visit to the "old grounds."
Two from The Times on the Norris and Rowe circus during their May, 1909 visit to the “old grounds.”

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After studying the Seattle Times for the years 1909 thru 1913 – I used The Seattle Public Library’s access to the newspaper’s archive – I conclude that in those years there were three “big top” circuses that set up their train loads of animals, performers, canvas, and feed.  The biggest, Barnum and Bailey, “The Greatest Show on Earth,” performed on this site in 1910, 1912 and 1914.  The other two were the Sells-Floto Circus, last here in 1913 for its fourteenth annual Seattle engagement, and the Norris and Rowe Circus, which last performed on these grounds in 1909.

From The Seattle Times, May 29, 1910
From The Seattle Times, May 29, 1910
A Seattle Times clip on the June 1, 1913 visit of the Sells-Floto Circus to Seattle.
A Seattle Times clip on the June 1, 1913 visit of the Sells-Floto Circus to Seattle.
The Seattle Times clip dated May 22, 1909.
The Seattle Times clip dated May 22, 1909.

Although the smallest of the three, Norris and Rowe came on two trains to these “old circus grounds at Fourth Ave. and Republican Street” with “herds of elephants, camels, and llamas, two rings and an elevated stage, one four-mile hippodrome track, acres of tents and seats for all.”  In 1909 the trains also transported 600 persons and 500 ponies and horses, including, perhaps, these fourteen.

A Times feature on the Ringling Brothers Circus for their visit in   .  This circus survived.  I remember it visiting Spokane in the 1940s.
A Times feature on the Ringling Brothers Circus for their visit in 1912 . This circus survived. I remember it visiting Spokane in the 1940s with its “freak show,” “menageries of wild and exotic animals,” three rings of performance, and the clowns, certainly .

WEB EXTRAS

Anything to add, Paul?  We love to answer “yes” Jean.  Ron’s links to other relevant features will go up first.   Since we did that Golden Anniversary reporting on Seattle Center in 2012 we are well stocked with features from ground-sixty-two, but will only feature two of the twenty-plus “Fair and Festival” offerings from 2012.  One could key-word the others.   We have included here four other features that relate – two of them about circuses.

[A Prompt Reminder: The next SIX photographs are LINKS TO DISCOVERIES, if you TAP THEM.]

 MORE ABOUT HORSES

An encore for one of the 498 Kodachrome slide by Horace Sykes that we ran one-a-day until we reached 498 (or near it) when we decided to stop short of 500, giving us an opportunity later to return.   Here Horace is somewhere in the Palouse in the 1940s, most likely.
An encore for one of the Kodachrome slide by Horace Sykes that we ran one-a-day until we reached 498 (or near it) when we decided to stop short of 500, giving us an opportunity later to return. Here Horace is somewhere in the Palouse in the 1940s, most likely.
Still in the Palouse, here for the 1909 horseshow on the main street of Waitsburg.  Compliments of the local historical society, Jean and I used this in our book of a few years back, "Washington Then and Now."  Below is Jean's repeat.   For the fuller story, please consult the book itself.
Still in the Palouse, here for the 1909 horseshow on the main street of Waitsburg. Compliments of the local historical society, Jean and I used this in our book of a few years back, “Washington Then and Now.” Below is Jean’s repeat. For the fuller story, please consult the book itself.

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A motorcar saved by horses.  This, I believe, is a popular MOHAI print and the subject is somewhere on the road to Stevens Pass still years before it reached the pass.
A motorcar saved by horses. This, I believe (or imagine), is a popular MOHAI print and the subject is somewhere on the road to Stevens Pass still years before it reached the pass.
The photo above was mailed to me in 1991 with the letter attached below.
The photo above was mailed to me in 1991 with the letter attached below.

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From the Lowman Album (Courtesy of Mike Maslan) used here many times before, an evocative look into a tranquil equestrian scene, and a fitting illustration for the clipping printed below.
From the Lowman Album (Courtesy of Mike Maslan) used here many times before, an evocative look into a tranquil equestrian scene, with dog, and a fitting illustration for the clipping printed below.  CLICK BOTH TO ENLARGE
Most like another EDGE CLIPPING, this instruction on how to handle a horse was printed first in the Puget Sound Dispatch for December 18, 1871.  CLICK TO ENLARGE
Most like another EDGE CLIPPING, this instruction on how to handle a horse was printed first in the Puget Sound Dispatch for December 18, 1871. CLICK TO ENLARGE

 

In the rich beastiary of comparing individuals to animals they may resemble, I am often compared to a bear and sometimes to a Neandrethal.  The Swedish artist Charlotte Hellekant is one of my favorite contraltos and also, surely, in this like a very fine horse.
In the rich bestiary of comparing individuals to animals they may resemble, I am often compared to a bear and sometimes to a Neandrethal. I look up to Jean less as an animal than as a member of the Royal Canadian Mounted Police. The Swedish artist Charlotte Hellekant is one of my favorite contraltos and also, surely, a very fine horse.
A mountain that to some resembles a horse, a white one.
A mountain that to some resembles a horse, a white one.
HIS MARK
HIS MARK & MOTO

Seattle Now & Then: The “Finest Fruit”

(click to enlarge photos)

THEN: Local candy-maker A.W. Piper was celebrated here for his crème cakes and wedding cakes and also his cartoons.  This sketch is of the 1882 lynching from the Maple trees beside Henry and Sara Yesler’s home on James Street.  Piper’s bakery was nearby (Courtesy, Ron Edge)
THEN: Local candy-maker A.W. Piper was celebrated here for his crème cakes and wedding cakes and also his cartoons. This sketch is of the 1882 lynching from the Maple trees beside Henry and Sara Yesler’s home on James Street. Piper’s bakery was nearby (Courtesy, MOHAI)
NOW: Jean took his repeats looking across James Street from both the open roof of the “Sinking Ship Garage” and from one of its screen-protected windows.  Although somewhat high, we chose the former
NOW: Jean took his repeats looking across James Street from both the open roof of the “Sinking Ship Garage” and from one of its screen-protected windows. Although somewhat high, we chose the former

If you are inclined to write a history of Seattle then you must include the three bodies hanging here between two of Henry and Sara Yesler’s maples on the early afternoon of January 18, 1882. The trees were planted in 1859; and they appear first as saplings in the earliest extant photo of Seattle, which was recorded that year. By 1882, the shade trees were stout enough to lynch James Sullivan and William Howard from a stanchion prepared for them between two of the Maples.

Yesler's home at the center with James Street to the right of it, typically dated 1860.
Yesler’s home at the center with James Street to the right of it, typically dated 1860.  The forest at the top encroaches on 5th Avenue.
Months after the lynching Henry and Sara Yesler pose in front of the home at the northeast corner of Front (First Ave.) and James Street on July 4, 1883.  The hanging trees are on the right.
A year and a half  after the lynching Henry and Sara Yesler pose in front of their home at the northeast corner of Front (First Ave.) and James Street on July 4, 1883. The hanging trees are on the right.  [Courtesy;, Northwest Collection, U.W. Libraries.)
Henry liked to whittle.
Henry liked to whittle.

As ordered by the judge, the accused couple expected to be returned to jail when their preliminary trail in Yesler’s Hall at First Ave. and Cherry Street was completed. Instead the vigilantes in attendance covered Territorial Supreme Court Judge Roger Sherman Green with a hood, bound the guards, and dragged like the devil the doomed couple up the alley to James Street. There the leafless maples suddenly exposed their terrifying landscape to Sullivan and Howard. Soon after being violently pulled from court – in a few pounding heart beats – these two prime suspects of the daylight killing the day before of a young clerk named George B. Reynolds, were lifeless and their swinging corpses played with.

A map of Seattle in 1882 idealized by it's real estate.
A map of Seattle in 1882 idealized by it’s real estate. (CLICK to ENLARGE)
Watklin's 1882 panorama of Seattle from Beacon Hill, as it is framed and explained on a page of Prosch's picture album of pioneer Seattle preserved in the University of Washington's Northwest Collection.
Watklin’s 1882 panorama of Seattle from Beacon Hill, as it is framed and explained on a page of Prosch’s picture album of pioneer Seattle preserved in the University of Washington’s Northwest Collection.   Below is a detail pulled from this pan, which includes a fat red arrow indicating the location of the 1882 lynching.

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During his 1882 visit to Seattle, Watkins also used the King Street Coal Wharf to record a panorama of what was by then the largest city in Washington Territory.  In this one of the panels from his pan, the location of lynching is
During his 1882 visit to Seattle, Watkins also used the King Street Coal Wharf to record a panorama of what was by then the largest city in Washington Territory. In this one of the panels from his pan, the location of lynching is below the top of the pile driver stationed right-of-center.  The entire pan is printed next.
Most - perhaps all - of Watkin's 1882 pan of Seattle and its waterfront, taken from the King Street Coal Wharf.
Most – perhaps all – of Watkin’s 1882 pan of Seattle and its waterfront, taken from the King Street Coal Wharf. [CLICK TO ENLARGE]
Watkins was visiting from California.  Peterson, the photographer of this look up the waterfront, also from the King Street coal wharf, had a studio in Seattle.  Most of its was portrait work, but his art for cityscape was hereabouts the best of the time.   This is tentatively dated ca. 1882.  The wharf building commotion in the Watkin's pan has as yet not begun.
Watkins was visiting from California. Peterson, the photographer of this look up the waterfront, also from the King Street coal wharf, had a studio in Seattle. Most of its was portrait work, but his art for cityscape was hereabouts the best of the time. This is tentatively dated ca. 1882. The wharf building commotion in the Watkin’s pan has as yet not begun. (Click to ENLARGE)

In a few minutes more, the by now hungry mob pulled from jail a third suspect, a “loafer” named Benjamin Paynes, who was accused of shooting a popular policeman named David Sires weeks before. For a while the hanging bodies of the three were raised and lowered over and over and in time to the mob’s chanting, “Heave Ho! Heave Ho!” Children who had climbed the trees to cut pieces of rope from the cooling bodies tied them to their suspenders or, for the girls, to the pigtails of their braided hair. It was, we are told, for “show and tell” in school.

In July, 1886 the Yesler's moved up James Street to their mansion facing Third Avenue, a sided at the corner with Jefferson by an orchard large enough for lots of apple sauce and branches enough for crimes and punishments, although none were used so.  Sara died in 1887 and Henry in 1892.
In July, 1886 the Yesler’s moved up James Street to their mansion facing Third Avenue.  It was sided at the corner with Jefferson by an orchard large enough for lots of apple sauce and branches for crimes and punishments, although none were used so. Sara died in 1887 and Henry in 1892.

Although there were several photographers in town, none of them took the opportunity to record – or expose – a lynching. Who would want such a photograph? Judging from the local popularity of these killings of accused killers, probably plenty. A few weeks following the stringing, Henry Yesler was quoted in Harpers Weekly, “That was the first fruit them trees ever bore, but it was the finest.” It was Seattle’s first really bad nation-wide publicity.

Right to left, Yesler, Gatzert and Maddocks, made a Christmas tradition out of carrying together greeting cards to their friends in town, and probably getting their fill of seasonal snaps in return.  Below is a portrait of a younger Henry - a Henry who looks fit for wrestling with Puget Sound's first steam saw mill.
Right to left, Yesler, Gatzert and Maddocks, made a Christmas tradition out of carrying together greeting cards to their friends in town, and probably getting their fill of seasonal snaps in return. Below is a portrait of a younger Henry – a Henry who looks fit for wrestling with Puget Sound’s first steam saw mill.

Yesler,-Henry-Portrait-proc-WEB

In Andrew William Piper’s cartoon of the event, the easily identified Henry stands in the foreground busy with his favorite pastime: whittling wood. The cartoonist Piper was a popular confectioner who loved dancing and singing with his wife and eleven children. He was also a practical joker and the first socialist elected to the Seattle City Council. We don’t know if Piper also joined the local chorus of acclaim for the hangings. Judge Green more than objected. Once free of his hood, he rushed to the lynching and tried to cut the ropes, but failed.

The Finest Fruit THEN mr

On the far right of his cartoon, the cartoonist-confectionaire Piper has included the sign of the Chronicle, a newspaper located in the alley behind the Yesler back yard.   It was up this alley that the victims were rushed to their lynching.   Printed next is a transcript from an 1883 issue of the Chronicle, which describes a resplendent new saloon in the basement of the new Yesler-Leary Building at the northwest corner of Front (First Ave.) and Yesler Way and so also at the foot of James Street.

An excerpt from the
An excerpt from the August 23, 1883 issue of the Chronicle.
The Yesler-Leary building at the northwest corner of Yesler and Front.   Like the rest of the neighborhood, including the Yesler's hanging trees, it was destroyed during the "Great Fire" of 1889.
The Yesler-Leary building at the northwest corner of Yesler and Front. Like the rest of the neighborhood, including the Yesler’s hanging trees, it was destroyed during the “Great Fire” of 1889.
Twenty-six years later, the lynching block on James Street, between First and Second Avenues in 1908.  The photo was recorded from the Collins Building on the southeast corner of Second Ave. and James Street.  The Collins survives and well too.  On the left is the northeast corner of the Seattle Hotel.  It was destroyed in the early 1960s for the "Sinking Ship Garage."  The side below the Pioneer Building, right-of-center, where they lynching was done in 1882, is here crowded with locals and tourists in town for the 1908 visit of the Great White Fleet.
Twenty-six years later, the lynching block on James Street, between First and Second Avenues in 1908. The photo was recorded from the Collins Building on the southeast corner of Second Ave. and James Street. The Collins survives and well too. On the left is the northeast corner of the Seattle Hotel. It was destroyed in the early 1960s for the “Sinking Ship Garage.” The side below the Pioneer Building, right-of-center, where they lynching was done in 1882, is here crowded with locals and tourists in town for the 1908 visit of the Great White Fleet.  A few of the dreadnoughts can be seen in Elliott Bay.

WEB EXTRAS

Anything to add, Paul?  Yes Jean, and most of it, again, links to past features related to the place and/or the subject.    Most of extras – if one takes the opportunity to click and read – will be the several links that Ron Edge will be soon putting up directly below this exposition.  Then, after the links, we will probably continue on with a few more features – if we can find them tomorrow (Saturday) night when we get to them.   We should add that we do not encourage lynching of any sort, or for that matter capital punishment.   It is all cruel, pathetic and even useless.  Yes – or No! – we do not agree with the wood whittler Henry Yeslers.  We have imprisoned within quote marks our title “finest fruit” borrowed from him.

 

Then: Looking north from Pioneer Place (square) into the uptown of what was easily the largest town in Washington Territory. This is judged by the 3218 votes cast in the November election of 1884, about one fourth of them by the newly but temporarily enfranchised women.Tacoma, in spite of being then into its second year as the terminus for the transcontinental Northern Pacific Railroad, cast 1663 votes, which took third place behind Walla Walla's 1950 registered votes.

THEN: For the first twenty years of his more than 40 years selling tinware and other selected hardware, Zilba Mile's shop looked south across Yesler Way down First Ave. S, then known as Commercial Street.

dispatch-122477p1-web

a1878-birdseye-web

THEN: With the clue of the ornate Pergola on the right, we may readily figure that we are in Pioneer Square looking south across Yesler Way.

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NIGHTY-BEARS SKUFFLE

It has reached that nighty-bears (copyright) moment before we are finished, this time with lynching related extras.  Until we return in the morning - or sometime tomorrow - to continuing dressing our figures, here is a James Street related skirmish I photographed in the early 1980s.  This, we hope, will momentarily satisfy the urges for sensational news we may have nurtured within.
Again, we have  reached that nighty-bears (copyright) moment before we are finished, this time with lynching-related extras. Until we return in the morning – or sometime tomorrow – to continue dressing our figures, here is a James Street related skirmish I photographed in the early 1980s. This, we hope, will momentarily satisfy the urges for sensational news we may have nurtured.   The 1882 lynchings were a few feet behind me, a century earlier.