Seattle Now & Then: The Alki ferry dock to Manchester, late 1930s

(click and click again to enlarge photos)

THEN: Missing its lower left corner, this undated photo looks west at the Alki-Manchester ferry dock. As determined by Southwest Seattle Historical Society volunteer researchers Phil Hoffman and Bob Carney, it likely was taken in the late 1930s, after ferry service at the dock ended. (Courtesy Southwest Seattle Historical Society)
NOW: Phil Hoffman stands just east of the site of the former Alki-Manchester ferry dock, whose pilings peek out of the low-tide surf behind him to his right. You can see Hoffman’s prolific research articles on all topics Alki, including the Alki-to-Manchester ferry, online at Alki History Project. (Clay Eals)

(Published in the Seattle Times online on Nov. 14, 2019
and in the PacificNW Magazine print edition on Nov. 17, 2019)

A ferry tale with a happy ending for Alki
By Clay Eals

To the dogged and detailed volunteer researcher Phil Hoffman, the idyllic calm of our sunset scene, which looks west from Alki Beach, may be deceptive. Waves ready to roil in the foreground could be a more potent symbol. This, he says, is because while history usually records what happened, “Sometimes what didn’t happen is more important.”

Our “Then” depicts a ferry dock extending into Puget Sound from Alki Avenue north of 64th Avenue Southwest in West Seattle. From there, entrepreneur Harry Crosby’s Direct Line Ferries opened 65-car service to tiny Manchester, east of Port Orchard in south Kitsap County, on April 20, 1925. Thirteen months later, Crosby sold it to Puget Sound Navigation Company, parent of the famed Black Ball Line, whose network represented the last vestiges of the Sound’s fabled “Mosquito Fleet” before it gave way in 1951 to our state ferry system.

Alki to Manchester was the shortest distance between Seattle and the Kitsap mainland, so the new terminal in 1925 exploited the soaring popularity of automobiles by launching countless excursions (85 cents one way for cars) to the tantalizing Olympic Peninsula.

Ads featured exotic illustrations and cartoon maps that likened the waterborne route to a suspension bridge. One even invoked an irresistible pun. “There’s a fairy-land across the blue waters of Puget Sound,” it proclaimed in the May 23, 1930, Seattle Times. “A vacation land unrivaled anywhere in the world. Unspoiled – primitive yet livable and very accessible.”

It was no accident that the Alki-Manchester route, inaugurated in the Roaring Twenties, died amid the Great Depression, on Jan. 13, 1936. The cause was not just a national economic collapse. The line also fell victim to ongoing disputes with marine unions, as well as initiation by the consolidation-minded Black Ball of a new ferry between downtown Seattle and Manchester the previous July.

The West Seattle Commercial Club scurried to promulgate a scheme to convert to a state highway the arterial that circumnavigated Duwamish Head to the closed ferry dock, to no avail. The dock operated as a boathouse for several years and briefly hosted an eatery, Sea Foods First Mate Grill, in 1941. But by 1946, all that remained was its pilings.

Which is fine with Hoffman, who lives 500 feet from the dock site. Though flooded with partyers in the summer, present-day Alki is sleepy, even bucolic most of the year.

“It would be a very different place if that ferry had continued through today,” Hoffman says. “It would be a parking lot. The car would have consumed the land, the natural resources of the beach and the desirable residential aspects of the area.”

Today’s waves of Alki might be murmuring a sigh of relief.


To see Jean Sherrard’s (waterborne) 360-degree video of the NOW prospect and compare it with the THEN photo, and to hear this column read aloud by Clay Eals, check out our Seattle Now & Then 360 version of the column!

Also we provide news clippings (scroll down) and present four photos courtesy of Phil Hoffman, who provides this addendum to go with the next three photos:

“Elta and Ernest Weiss operated the First Mate Seafood Grill on the Alki-Manchester ferry dock beginning in 1941. They married in 1940. Elta frequently purchased seafood, at Alki dockside, from local fishers. It is unknown when the restaurant closed, but it is suspected to have closed before 1943.

“Ernest was originally from Michigan and was a machinist. He retired from the machinist position he held at Ederer Engineering Company. Ernest had a reputation as an avid hunter and fisherman.

“Elta was the daughter of a Baptist minister and originally hailed from Gas City, Kansas. She was a member of her high-school championship basketball team. In the years following the Seafood Grill venture, she was a cook for the Seattle School District at Magnolia’s Briarcliff Elementary School. Following her retirement from the School District she took employment, in a similar capacity, with Seattle’s Ballard Hospital.

“The couple was childless and lived in Seattle’s Interbay neighborhood. Ernest died in 1981, at age 76, followed by Elta, a year later, at age 73.

“After the above column was published, I was contacted by David Rubbelke with information about Elta and Ernest Weiss. David Rubbelke is the Weisses’ nephew. I deeply appreciate David providing the information and photos that appear here.”

Ernest and Elta Weiss, April 5, 1942, possibly taken at the Sea Foods First Mate Grill at the former Alki-Manchester ferry dock. Elta and Ernest owned the restaurant. (Photo courtesy of Dave Rubbelke, nephew of Ernest and Elta, forwarded via Phil Hoffman)
(From left) Elta Weiss’ father, Elta Weiss and Ernest Weiss, April 5, 1942, possibly taken at the Sea Foods First Mate Grill at the former Alki-Manchester ferry dock. Elta and Ernest owned the restaurant. (Photo courtesy of Dave Rubbelke, nephew of Ernest and Elta, forwarded via Phil Hoffman)
(From left) Elta Weiss’ father, Vince Rubbelke, Jent Dennis (Elta Weiss’ mother), 10-year-old Don Rubbelke, Ernest Weiss and Elta’s sister, April 5, 1942, possibly taken at the Sea Foods First Mate Grill at the former Alki-Manchester ferry dock. Elta and Ernest owned the restaurant. (Photo courtesy of Dave Rubbelke, nephew of Ernest and Elta, forwarded via Phil Hoffman)


Phil also provides this photo of Harry Crosby:

Harry W. Crosby, 1916, in his mid- to late 30s (Phil Hoffman)

Below, in chronological order, are 56 clippings from The Seattle Times online archive (available via Seattle Public Library) and West Seattle Herald that, among others, were helpful in the preparation of this column.

Jan. 11, 1925, Seattle Times, page 20
March 14, 1925, Seattle Times, page 14
March 25, 1925, Seattle Times, page 12
April 3, 1925, Seattle Times, page 19
April 7, 1925, Seattle Times, page 19
April 10, 1925, Seattle Times, page 25
April 12, 1925, Seattle Times, page 30
April 13, 1925, Seattle Times, page 22
April 15, 1925, Seattle Times, page 19
April 23, 1925, Seattle Times, page 16
July 26, 1925, Seattle Times, page 33
Sept. 20, 1925, Seattle Times, page 27
1925 Alki Manchester ferry schedule, front side (Phil Hoffman)
1925 Alki Manchester ferry schedule, back side (Phil Hoffman)
1925 Crosby Ferries cartoon ad (Bob Carney)
1925 Crosby Ferries cartoon map in ad. (Bob Carney)
May 11, 1926, Seattle Times, page 25
May 26, 1926, Seattle Times, page 17
May 27, 1926, Seattle Times, page 30
June 17, 1926, Seattle Times, page 17
July 6, 1926, Seattle Times, page 2
1927 Alki Machester ferry dock and terminal at 3001 Alki Ave (Phil Hoffman)
1928 02 Washington Motorist Puget Sound Navigation ferry ad (Bob Carney)
Oct. 2, 1928, Seattle Times, pages 1 and 3
Oct. 3, 1928, Seattle Times, page 10
May 23, 1930, Seattle Times, page 10
Oct. 19, 1930, Seattle Times, page 49
1930 Crosline ferry at Alki, from “West Seattle” book, Arcadia (Bob Carney)
1930s Alki Beach, with ferry dock (Bob Carney)
Aug. 1, 1933, Seattle Times, page 5
May 16, 1934, Seattle Times, page 12
May 28, 1935, Seattle Times, page 15
July 8, 1935, Seattle Times, page 17
Aug. 29, 1935, Seattle Times, page 10
Oct. 28, 1935, Seattle Times, Alki ferry storm damage (Bob Carney)
Oct. 28, 1935, Seattle Post-Intelligencer, Alki storm (Bob Carney)
Oct. 29, 1935, Seattle Times, page 1
Dec. 12, 1935, Seattle Times, page 7
Dec. 13, 1935, Seattle Times, page 10
Jan. 13, 1936, Seattle Times, page 18
Nov. 19, 1936, Seattle Times, page 19
Nov. 28, 1936, Seattle Times, page 2
1937 tax photo of Alki ferry dock (Puget Sound Regional Archives, courtesy Phil Hoffman)
1937 tax photo of 3017 Alki Ave., next door to Alki ferry (Puget Sound Regional Archives, courtesy Phil Hoffman)
Sept. 18, 1938, Seattle Times, page 4
Jan. 26, 1940, Seattle Times, page 20
April 24, 1941, West Seattle Herald, page 1
Aug. 17, 1945, Seattle Times, page 11

Leave a Reply

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.