Seattle Now & Then: Fire Station No. 5 (or ‘You’ll Like Tacoma’)

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THEN: This post-1889 waterfront block of sheds and ships was replaced in 1911 by the Grand Trunk Pacific Dock, described at the time as “the largest wooden finger pier in North America.” The exception was Fire Station No. 5 on the left at the foot of Madison Street. A brick station replaced it in 1913. (Museum of History & Industry)
THEN: This post-1889 waterfront block of sheds and ships was replaced in 1911 by the Grand Trunk Pacific Dock, described at the time as “the largest wooden finger pier in North America.” The exception was Fire Station No. 5 on the left at the foot of Madison Street. A brick station replaced it in 1913. (Museum of History & Industry)
NOW: The fourth Fire Station No. 5 was dedicated on a cold December 27, 1963. The chill was endured through a short ceremony that featured Ivar Haglund, the station’s neighbor to the north at Pier 54. Haglund sang a song of his own composition accompanied by the Firehouse Five Plus Two, led by Pep Perry a retired fireman.
NOW: The fourth Fire Station No. 5 was dedicated on a cold December 27, 1963. The chill was endured through a short ceremony that featured Ivar Haglund, the station’s neighbor to the north at Pier 54. Haglund sang a song of his own composition accompanied by the Firehouse Five Plus Two, led by Pep Perry a retired fireman.

Here is the last busy remnant of Railroad Avenue that was piece-by-piece constructed on the central waterfront following the city’s Great Fire of 1889.  This Webster and Stevens portrait of it dates, most likely, from 1909. By then most of the waterfront’s new railroad docks were in place, from King Street on the south to the Pike Street Wharf.  But not here.  This vigorous confusion of ships and sheds is the interrupting exception.

The Grand Trunk Pacific pier, far-left, seen from the Marionj Street Overpass, ca. 1911, the year it was constructed. South of Fire Station No. 3, which is still standing here, the Grand Trunk Dock replaced the irregular assembly of sheds and docks that mark the featured photo north of Colman Dock.
The Grand Trunk Pacific pier, far-left, seen from the Marion Street Overpass, ca. 1911, the year it was constructed. to the south of Fire Station No. 3, which is still standing here.   The Grand Trunk Dock replaced the irregular assembly of sheds and docks north of Colman Dock that mark the featured photo at the top.

The cluttered seaboard block, here at the front, begins on the left in the feature photograph with Fire Station No. 5 at Madison Street.  The purpose of its tower was for more than hanging wet hoses to dry — it also served as an observatory for the Harbormaster.  The station was one of four speedily built after the 1889 fire. The Snoqualmie, the city’s first fireboat, seen right-of-center in the featured photo with its dark double stacks, is parked here beside the station. Far right, reaching Railroad Avenue between Columbia and Marion Streets, is the east end of the new Colman Dock.  It was built in 1908-09 for the

Ca. 1900 front facade of Colman Dock before the waterside pier was extended in 1908/9.
Ca. 1900 front facade of Colman Dock facing a rough Railroad Avenue  before the bay-side  of the pier was extended in 1908/09.
The Snoqualmie posing beside a pier farther south of it's Station No. 5.
The Snoqualmie posing beside a pier farther south of it’s Station No. 5.

prudently expected crush of tourists visiting Seattle for the 1909 Alaska Yukon Pacific Exhibition.  The dock was replaced in the mid-1930s to welcome the Black Ball Line’s then new art deco ferry, the streamlined and yet generally trembling Kalakala.

The new ferry Kalakala imagined passing in front of the towered Colman Dock that was replace with the Art Deco dock, below, to compliment the "world's first streamlined ferry."
The new ferry Kalakala imagined passing in front of the towered Colman Dock that was replaced  with the Art Deco dock, below, to compliment the “world’s first streamlined ferry.”
The deco Colman Dock post-WW2 with a Welcome Home sign on the roof and Black Ball's flagship the Kalakala on the right.
The Deco Colman Dock post-WW2 with a Welcome Home sign on the roof and Black Ball’s flagship, the Kalakala, on the left.
Wade Stevenson's looks to the waterfront from the Smith Tower observatory circa 1959. Here the Kalakala is docked in t he slip between Pier 2 and 2, the "Alaska Piers." The Grand Trunk Pier, far right, is still in place. One of the ferries purchased from San Francisco Bay following the construction their of the suspension bridges, appreoached Colman Dock.
Wade Stevenson’s look to the waterfront from the Smith Tower observatory circa 1959. Here the Kalakala is docked in the slip between Piers 50 and 51, the “Alaska Piers.” The Grand Trunk Pier, far right, is still in place. One of the ferries purchased out of  San Francisco Bay following the construction  of the suspension bridges, approaches Colman Dock.

Not trembling was the most famous resident of this block, the Flyer, the sleek mosquito fleet steamer.  While its name is posted at the scene’s center, edging the horizon along the crown of a shed, the steamer is away, surely at work.  Its routine itinerary was back-and-forth to Tacoma, covering between sixty- and seventy-

The Flyer steaming north on Elliott Bay passing Belltown.
The Flyer steaming north on Elliott Bay passing Belltown. (Courtesy, Michael Maslan)
The Flyer Dock/shed at the foot of Marion Street. (Courtesy, Waterfront Awareness)
The Flyer Dock/shed at the foot of Marion Street. (Courtesy, Waterfront Awareness)

thousand miles a year.  It consumed about twenty-four cords of wood a day.  In the featured photograph at the top, note the firewood below and on the dock to the right of the  “…’ll Like Tacoma” sign.  The physically large but rhetorically modest sign was adopted by Tacoma boosters to lure fair-goers also to visit Commencement Bay and its “City of Destiny.”

The grandest of the "You'll Like Tacoma" signs was set along the north shore of Portage Bay for ready inspection from the AYPE grounds on the UW campus. Illuminated, its greatest effect was at night.
The grandest of the “You’ll Like Tacoma” signs was set along the north shore of Portage Bay for ready inspection from the AYPE grounds on the UW campus. Illuminated, its greatest effect was at night.  Capitol Hill is on the horizon.

Also below the sign is the Burton, the passenger steamer nestled between the Snoqualmie fireboat and the stacks of firewood.  The ninety-three-foot Burton’s raucous history gets sensational coverage in the “McCurdy Marine History of the Pacific Northwest,” edited by Gordon Newell.  With the also island-tending steamer, the Vashon, the Burton ran “one of the most bitter and spirited rivalries in the history of Sound steam-boating.”  Rate wars, races, pitched battles between the crews, and collisions “were the order of the day.”  You may doubt with me the most soiled of these dirty tricks: “the custom of a steamboat man of helpfully picking up a baby and carrying it aboard his craft on the theory that the mother would follow it and become a paying customer.”   

We have not as yet found the name for the nifty little port-holed steamer, front-and-center in the featured photo at the top.  We suspect that it was a patrol boat servicing the Harbormaster, and so also handy for chasing any sea-bound kidnappers that might first be spied from the tower. 

Another way to like if not reach Tacoma in 1909.
Another way to like if not reach Tacoma in 1909.

WEB EXTRAS

Anything to add, guys?  Yes, Jean.  The sometimes shy  R. Edge has boldly brought forward some very relevant extras including more treatments or approaches to the featured spot, the  waterfront slip for Fire Station No. 5 at the foot of Madison Street.

THEN: Frank Shaw’s late winter composition of waterfront landmarks at the foot of Madison Street in 1963. (Photo by Frank Shaw)

THEN:In late 1855 the citizens of Seattle with help from the crew of the Navy sloop-of-war Decatur built a blockhouse on the knoll that was then still at the waterfront foot of Cherry Street. The sloop’s physician John Y. Taylor drew this earliest rendering of the log construction. (Courtesy, Yale University, Beinecke Library)

THEN: In this 1887 look up Columbia Street from the waterfront is the bell tower of the fire station, tucked into the hill on the right. It would soon fail to halt the city’s Great Fire of June 6, 1889. The station and everything between it and Elliott Bay were reduced to ashes, smoldering bricks and offshore pilings shortened like cigars. (courtesy, Kurt Jackson)

THEN: The driver, lower left, leads his team towards First Avenue up a planked incline on Madison Street. (Courtesy MOHAI)

THEN: From boxcars and rooftops to the planks of Railroad Avenue, excitement builds for the ceremonial re-enactment of the S.S.Portland’s 1897 landing with its “ton of gold” on the Seattle waterfront, the city’s first Golden Potlatch Celebration. [Courtesy, Michael Maslan]

THEN:Ruins from the fire of July 26, 1879, looking west on Yesler’s dock from the waterfront. (Courtesy Museum of History and Industry)

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Seattle Now & Then: The Waldorf Apartments

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THEN:
THEN: Encouraged by the rapid growth of Seattle’s business and retail districts to the north, the Waldorf, then the biggest apartment house in town, was raised on the northeast corner of Pike Street and 7th Avenue in 1906-7. (Courtesy, Museum of History and Industry)
NOW: Beginning in the Great Depression of the 1930s, the “upper Pike” neighborhood of hotels and apartment buildings grew increasingly blue and seedy. The Waldorf endured until 9:05 a.m. on May 30, 1999 when it was imploded.
NOW: Beginning in the Great Depression of the 1930s, the “upper Pike” neighborhood of hotels and apartment buildings grew increasingly blue and seedy. The Waldorf endured until 9:05 a.m. on May 30, 1999 when it was imploded.

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The impressive speed with which the Waldorf Apartments were topped-off at seven stories was explained in the Times for August 19, 1906. “The building has been put up in record time…for the past few weeks work has been carried on day and night. The carpenters who have prepared the framework for the concrete have worked in the daytime and the concrete men have done their part at night by electric light. When completed the Waldorf will be the largest apartment house in the city and the equal in all respects of any similar building in the country. It will be ready for occupancy about Nov. 1” Not quite.

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The Waldorf Building Co. started soliciting reservations for its units late in October.  (see above)  The units had much to offer, including “first class janitor service,” night-and-day elevator service, and a laundry for tenants in the basement. The promotions warned that “satisfactory references (were) required.” Through the fall of 1906 the company almost routinely announced delays, until a few days before Christmas when it reported that the Waldorf was at last “ready for occupancy.” The formal opening, however, waited until the following March 27.

A clip from The Seattle Times for Nov. 25, 1906.
A clip from The Seattle Times for Nov. 25, 1906.

Diana James, author of Shared Walls, a history of early Seattle apartment buildings, pulled from her research a novelty connected with the Waldorf construction. “Each of the apartments is to be equipped with a peculiar device, an idea of Mr. Ryan (the Waldorf’s architect), for house cleaning, so arranged that any occupant of any apartment, by the simple attachment of a short rubber hose, can clean the apartment with compressed air in a few minutes’ time, driving all dust to the basement and eliminating the necessity of sweeping. This is a feature that so far as known has never been installed in any other similar building ever constructed.”

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The Waldorf's presentation in the booming publication "Prosperous Washington."
The Waldorf’s presentation in the booming publication “Prosperous Washington.”

Perhaps because of its bay windows, I’d always imagined that the Waldorf was an oversized frame construction. I did not look closely. Rather it was not wood but concrete, and the attentive press was pleased to report, “absolutely fireproof.” The International Fireproof Construction Company was the builder. U. Grant Fay, superintendent of the construction, was, like the hotel’s status-conscious name, yet another gift from New York City. The Times announced his spring of 1906 arrival while piling on more prestige with news that Fay had been “superintendent of construction of the Hotel St. Regis of New York City, said to be the finest hotel in the world.”

The namesake, sort of, or swank symbol made flesh with an expatriate who
The namesake, sort of, or swank symbol made flesh with an expatriate who is branded above as a “tuft hunter,” which – if you look it up – is one “that  seeks association with persons of title or high social status: snob.”  In exchange William Waldorf Astor had his millions and his hotel.  In 1890 with the death of his father, William Waldorf Astor became “the richest man in America.”  Also that year he began construction on his namesake hotel, after which  his cousin, John Jacob “Jack” Astor IV, built the adjoining Astoria Hotel in 1897.  Together they made the euphonious sounding Waldorf-Astoria, and misleading.   The cousins were rivals and not  in harmony.   Jack’s mother Lena acted as the guardian angel  of New York Society, and was in part responsible for William Waldorf’s flight to the old world with his new wealth, wife and five children. 

In the early stages of construction, the Waldorf was wrapped in class by the local media. As an example, on February 25, 1906, the Times included an architect’s sketch of the Waldorf among five illustrations for a full-page feature titled “Seattle, The Beautiful Metropolis.”

From the Seattle Times for Feb. 25, 1906.
From the Seattle Times for Feb. 25, 1906. – CLICK CLICK to enlarge.
The Waldorf remodeled its lobby in the midst of the Great Depression. This splotchy pulp print was featured in The Times for Nov. 24, 1935.
The Waldorf remodeled its lobby in the midst of the Great Depression. This splotchy pulp print was featured in The Times for Nov. 24, 1935.
The Waldorf, lower-right, with its
The Waldorf, lower-right, with some of its neighbors in, it seems, the 193Os.  The frame home, bottom-center and just left of the Waldorf, is featured in one of the now-then’s below – the second one from the top.. 

WEB EXTRAS

Anything to add, kids?  Thru the years Jean we have touched these surrounds and with Ron Edge’s help we will follow our custom and feature a few of them.   As is also, by now, our habit, there will be repeats.   You may treat these as pavlovian opportunities or as annoying stumps in the road and jump beyond any of these web extras while coughing and/or grumbling.

THEN: Built in the mid-1880s at 1522 7th Avenue, the Anthony family home was part of a building boom developing this north end neighborhood then into a community of clapboards. Here 70 years later it is the lone survivor. (Photo by Robert O. Shaw)

THEN: A circa 1923 view looks south on Eighth Avenue over Pike Street, at bottom left.

THEN: The row house at the southwest corner of 6th Avenue and Pine Street in its last months, ca. 1922-23. (Museum of History and Industry)

THEN: The city’s north end skyline in 1923 looking northwest from the roof of the then new Cambridge Apartments at 9th Avenue and Union Street. (Courtesy, Museum of History and Industry)

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THEN: Built in 1909-10 on one of First Hill’s steepest slopes, the dark brick Normandie Apartments' three wings, when seen from the sky, resemble a bird in flight. (Lawton Gowey)

THEN: We are not told but perhaps it is Dora and Otto Ranke and their four children posing with their home at 5th and Pike for the pioneer photographer Theo. E. Peiser ca. 1884. In the haze behind them looms Denny Hill. (Courtesy Ron Edge)

THEN: In the 32 years between Frank Shaw's dedication picture and Jean Sherrard's dance scene, Freeway Park has gained in verdure what it has lost in human use.

THEN: As explained in the accompanying story the cut corner in this search-lighted photo of the “first-nighters” lined up for the March 1, 1928 opening of the Seattle Theatre at 9th and Pine was intended. Courtesy Ron Phillips

THEN: Looking east on University Street towards Ninth Avenue, ca. 1925, with the Normandie Apartments on the left.

THEN:The early evening dazzle of the Roosevelt Theatre at 515 Pike Street, probably in 1941. (Courtesy Lawton Gowey)

THEN: The Ballard Public Library in 1903-4, and here the Swedish Baptist Church at 9th and Pine, 1904-5, were architect Henderson Ryan’s first large contracts after the 20 year old southerner first reached Seattle in 1898. Later he would also design both the Liberty and Neptune Theatres, the latter still projecting films in the University District. (Photo courtesy Lawton Gowey)

THEN: The brand new N&K Packard dealership at Belmont and Pike in 1909. Thanks to both antique car expert Fred Cruger for identifying as Packards the cars on show here, and to collector Ron Edge for finding them listed at this corner in a 1909 Post-Intelligencer. (Courtesy Museum of History and Industry.)

Great railroad signs, theatre signs and ranks of neon were still the greatest contributors to night light at 4th and Westlake in 1949. (Photo by Robert Bradley compliment of Lawton and Jean Gowey)

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THEN: Thanks to Pacific reader John Thomas for sharing this photograph recorded by his father in 1927. It looks north across Times Square to the almost completed Orpheum Theatre. Fifth Avenue is on the left, and Westlake on the right.

THEN: While visiting Seattle for some promoting, silent film star Wallace Reid shares the sidewalk at 4th and Olive with a borrowed Stutz Bearcat. (Courtesy, Museum of History & Industry)

THEN: This rare early record of the Fourth and Pike intersection was first found by Robert McDonald, both a state senator and history buff with a special interest in historical photography. He then donated this photograph - with the rest of his collection - to the Museum of History and Industry, whom we thank for its use. (Courtesy MOHAI)

THEN: A motorcycle courier for Bartell Drugs poses before the chain’s Store No. 14, located in the Seaboard Building at the northwest corner of Fourth Avenue and Pike Street, circa 1929. (Courtesy Bartell Drugs)

THEN: Looking west on Pike Street from Fourth Avenue, the variety in the first block of this retail district includes the Rhodes Bros. Ten Cent Store, Mendenhall’s Kodaks, Fountain Pens and Photo Supplies, Remick’s Song and Gift Shop, the Lotus Confectionary, Fahey-Brockman’s Clothiers, where, one may “buy upstairs and save $10.00”. (Courtesy, MOHAI)

THEN: Swedish Lutheran (Gethsemane) Church’s second sanctuary at the northeast corner of Ninth Avenue and Steward Street circa 1920, photo by Klaes Lindquist. (Courtesy, Swedish Club)

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The Waldorf polished near its end.
The Waldorf polished near its end.

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Seattle Now & Then: Mark Tobey in the Market

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THEN: Mark Tobey, almost certainly Seattle’s historically most celebrated artist, poses in the early 1960s with some Red Delicious apples beside the Sanitary Market in the Pike Place Market. (Courtesy, Museum of History and Industry)
THEN: Mark Tobey, almost certainly Seattle’s historically most celebrated artist, poses in the early 1960s with some Red Delicious apples beside the Sanitary Market in the Pike Place Market. (Courtesy, Museum of History and Industry)
NOW:
NOW: The public market enthusiasts posing for Jean Sherrard on a Pike Place sidewalk are, left to right, Sara Patton, Ernie Dornfeld, Paul Dorpat, Jack Mathers, Heather McAuliffe, Paul Dunn, Kate Krafft and John Turnbull.

The posers in Jean Sherrard’s “repeat” are members of a new creation: the Pike Place Market Historical Society. By studied accord the members have concluded that Mark Tobey, the celebrated artist posing beside the artfully stacked Red Delicious apples in our “then,” prefigured their position.  Both are standing at the cusp of the ground floor of the Public Market’s Sanitary Market Building and the sidewalk on the east side of Pike Place.  At the top of their circle, Market merchant Jack Mathers, holding a crab, joins the historians. This fishmonger-musician has been stocking and selling at his steaming Jack’s Fish Spot since 1982. 

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Nellie Cornish
Nellie Cornish
Cornish at Harvard and Roy under construction. Like the later record of the completed school, this on also looks west on Roy.
Cornish at Harvard and Roy under construction. Like the later record of the completed school, this on also looks west on Roy.

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Mark Tobey first arrived in Seattle in the early 1920s, hired by Nellie Cornish, a respected piano teacher, to build a new visual arts department for her namesake school that was then primarily admired for its music and dance programs.  In his early thirties, Tobey brought with him from New York City some success working as a magazine illustrator.  It was long before he was often honored world-wide with solo shows and awards, including the Grand International Prize at the Venice Biennale of 1958.

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Tobey was largely self-taught and quick to revelations.  Most important of these inspirations was his “white writing,” an at once flat and floating atmosphere made from squiggles and brush strokes influenced by Oriental calligraphy and much else.  By the testimony of his students, Tobey was also a volatile mass of pedagogic pizzazz, at once attracting and repelling.  An early student, Viola Hansen Patterson, confessed, “He was full of tremendous energy, such energy he’d bowl you over — Almost blow you out of the room. I did take three lessons with him, and then I caved in. It was too much for me.”  

Another of Tobey at the Pike Place Public Market, perhaps on the same day and perhaps not.
Another of Tobey at the Pike Place Public Market, perhaps on the same day –  perhaps not.

A Post-Intelligencer photographer snapped the Tobey in the Market portrait  featured at the top, which is held at the Museum of History and Industry.  MOHAI photographer Howard Giske assigns it a deliberated date.  “That photograph of Mark Tobey was dated July 1961 by the PI staffers, but he seems overdressed for July…the dates recorded for the PI photos are often the file date and not creation date, so maybe just say 1961.”

Mark Tobey at 66.
Mark Tobey at 66.

Kate Krafft, second from the right in Jean Sherrard’s circle of Market historians, has written about Mark Tobey’s fondness for the Pike Place Market and the importance of his activism in its preservation.  “In 1939 and 1940 he spent many of his days in the Pike Place Public Market sketching produce, architecture and particularly the people of the Market. Between 1941 and 1945, he completed a distinctive series of pictures in tempera paint that were based on the prior market sketches, combining figurative work within the abstract-like maze of daily market activity. . . In 1964 the University of Washington Press published Mark Tobey: The World of the Market, a volume that included many of his Pike Place Market sketches and studio paintings with an introduction expressing his deep affection for the Market.” 

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Krafft continues, “Late in the hard-fought seven-year long campaign to ‘Keep the Market,’ Friends of the Market mounted a public initiative campaign. The campaign needed to finance television spots but lacked the necessary funds.” Here the by then famous artist donated 29 lithographs to the Friends.  This gift served, Krafft concludes, as collateral for “a bank loan that funded the subsequent television ad campaign. The November 1971 public initiative was approved by the citizens of Seattle, thus creating what is known today as the Pike Place Market Historic District.

WEB EXTRAS

Anything to add, boys?  Certainly Jean, and again (and again) all are probably repeats in whole and in their parts.  We have put up a few features circulating about the Pike Market over the last few  months and so we again follow our common pedagogy that “repetition is the mother of all  learning.”  Sounds like Horace, but certainly I first learned it from my own mother, Eda Garena, Christiansen-Dorpat.

Ron Edge has again plucked forward  a few neighborhood features from the past, and following those we will use this week’s artsy temper as an opportunity to update our readers on the condition now of MOFA, our Museum Of Forsaken Art.   It is time now to join the membership.  As you will discover near the bottom all it takes is colored printer to produce an impressively official looking membership certificate and a witness for forge your name as your forge theirs.

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THEN: In this April morning record of the 1975 “Rain or Shine Public Market Paint-in,” above the artists, restoration work has begun with the gutting of the Corner Market Building. (Photo by Frank Shaw)

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THEN: Seattle Architect Paul Henderson Ryan designed the Liberty Theatre around the first of many subsequent Wurlitzer organs used for accompanying silent films in theatres “across the land”. The Spanish-clad actor-dancers posed on the stage apron are most likely involved in a promotion for a film – perhaps Don Q, Son of Zorro (1925) or Douglas Fairbanks’ The Gaucho (1929) that also played at the Liberty. (Courtesy Lawton Gowey)

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THEN: Looking south from the Schwabacher Wharf to the Baker Dock and along the Seattle waterfront rebuilt following the city’s Great Fire of June 6, 1889. (Courtesy, Museum of History and Industry)

THEN: The Hotel York at the northwest corner of Pike Street and First Avenue supplied beds on the American Plan for travelers and rooms for traveling hucksters. (Courtesy Lawton Gowey)

THEN: The 1974 fire at the Municipal Market Building on the west side of Western Avenue did not hasten the demise of the by then half-century old addition of the Pike Place Market. It had already been scheduled for demolition. (Courtesy, Seattle Municipal Archive)

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THEN: Friends of the Market president, architect Victor Steinbrueck, leads a cadre of Friends marching for Market preservation in front of the Seattle City Hall most likely on March 18, 1971. (Photo by Tom Brownell from the Post-Intelligencer collection at MOHAI)

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One of a few thousand portraits I took from our apartment above Peters on Broadway (southeast corner of Broadway and Republican) in the mid-60s.
One of a few thousand portraits I took from our apartment above Peters on Broadway (southeast corner of Broadway and Republican) in the mid-60s.   We like the subject and her appointments, and the wear of the posters on the bus stop shelter wall behind her.  Notice that we have flipped this image from the posture the subject takes below in MOFA’s CERTIFICATE OF MEMBERSHIP.    Please join.   It costs nothing and promises nothing.  MOFA was first “announced” in late  October 2013 at an Ivar’s Salmon House Banguet at which the about 75 dinners attending were obliged to pay for their own salmon (Jean tells me that some skipped out leaving Jean to pay the charge.) and bring for donation a object of forsaken art to add to the Museum’s collection.  And all those attending were made members  – even the freeloaders.  You cannot discriminate.  While we mean to catalogue this growing collection and show it both on line and off, with descriptions and criticisms author by the members, we are, like you too busy to get at it.  However, we have continued to receove (and pursue) a lot of new works for the Museum, and we will sample a few o;f these below. 

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Find a colored printer and print the above. Instructions follow.
Now please find  a colored printer and print the above, and then  file it under, we suggest, MOFA. .  Other Instructions may follow.

FOLLOWS NOW A FEW NEW* ADDITIONS TO MOFA  (*While new to the collection, they may be otherwise old.)  Details regarding their sources (the artists), medium and size will be included in the work that we are having a difficult time getting to.   This, we assure you, is not because  we dread it.  We do not dread it.  Rather, we will be thrilled to do it . . . later.  (Might you be a interested in helping . . . please?)  If we know a title we will use it, but rarely do we know the artist.  A reminder –  these are, or rather were, forsaken and for reasons not explained.  Most of them were formerly objectionable objects de art, and some surely remain so.

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APEX COOP in Belltown, "before."
APEX COOP in Belltown, “before.”

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[Somewhere in Florida, we think]
[Somewhere in Florida, we think]
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[Something it seems created with the help of an early copy machine.]
[Something it seems created with the help of an early copy machine.]
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Artist's Sunday Softball at the Cascade Playfield in the late 1970s.
Artist’s Sunday Softball at the Cascade Playfield in the late 1970s.

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Above: The Blue Boy – Below:   The Blue Boy Copy

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Art glass made from broken pieces given to an impoverished glass class student by students endowed with glass. The result resembles a jig saw puzzle.]
Art glass made from broken pieces given to an impoverished glass class student by students endowed with broken bits of glass for which they  had no use. The result, if I understand it,  resembles a jig saw puzzle.]

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Utah Rock Art - variations
Utah Rock Art – variations on prehistoric tags

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Seattle Public Library front steps on Fourth Avenue, ca. 1940s - unless someone knows better..
Intentional Art Photography – Seattle Public Library front steps on Fourth Avenue, ca. 1940s – unless someone knows better..

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Dr. Fulller with his mother in front of their new SAM in the early 1930.
Dr. Fulller with his mother in front of their new SAM in the early 1930.

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A REMINDER – TWO HAPPY MEMBERS

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[Protest on Eastlake Avemie. ca. 1978.]
[Protest on Eastlake Avemie. ca. 1978.]
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A popular prof and subject, Edmund Meany - of the hall, hotel and publication of Washington place names.]
A popular prof and subject, Edmund Meany – of the hall, hotel and the publication of Washington place names.]

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LAUGHING GNOSIS

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"COLD ROCK FORMAL WEAR"
“COLD ROCK FORMAL WEAR”

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"Guardian Angle"
“Guardian Angel”

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[A classic velvet]
[A classic velvet]
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Guatemalan Observer
Guatemalan Observer

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"Bouquet on Corless"
“Bouquet on Corless”

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Maltby Halloween, ca. 1977
Maltby Halloween, ca. 1977

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Kent Halloween, The Neely mansion, ca. 1968.
Kent Halloween, The Neely mansion, ca. 1968.

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Patriot Nebulae
Patriot Nebulae

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CONTINUING – and concluding for now – MONDAY 8/15/16

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Paved Figure Study
Paved Figure Study

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War & Peace Mandala
War & Peace Mandala

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detail: Pregnancy Timelapse ca. 1972
detail: “Word Made Flesh” – Pregnancy Timelapse ca. 1972

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Oval Office
Oval Office

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Tacoma Window ca. 1982
Tacoma Window ca. 1982

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Wallingford Flora - 4/19/10
Wallingford Flora – 4/19/10

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Second Ammendment on the Beach with Child
Second Amendment on the Beach with Child

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SAM - East Facade ca.1977
SAM – East Facade ca.1977

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REST IN PEACE - A painting by Paul Heald in Freelard storage, 2015

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TWEEDY & POP - VACANT INTERIOR, 6/8/09
TWEEDY & POP – VACANT INTERIOR, 6/8/09

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Lenin at The Finland Station
Lenin at The Finland Station

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BELOW – ART EDUCATION

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Victoria and Eric in Occidental Park - Art Night 1970s
Victoria and Eric in Occidental Park – Art Night 1970s

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Jean Sherrard (with camera, far left) and Friends at the Louvre, 2005
Jean Sherrard (with camera, far left) and Friends at the Louvre, 2005

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Art Sketching at Eagle Falls, 1927 (Courtesy, Museum of History and Industry)
 Sketching Class (in heels)  at Eagle Falls, 1927 (Courtesy, Museum of History and Industry)

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Johanna Went performance, Pioneer Square ca. 1977
Johanna Went performance, Pioneer Square ca. 1977

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Art Criticism, Halloween 2012
Art Criticism, Halloween 2012

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Undecided Concerning Medium
Undecided Concerning Medium

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Frye Art Museum, 1952
Frye Art Museum, 1952

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Mrs. William D. Lovell dreamed she went to the Seattle Art Museum in her at-home wear ... and by golly she will at noon Thursday, when the Seattle Art Museum Guild has its annual spring luncheon and a lingerie fashion show. Mrs. Lovell, a member of the guild boards, and other guild members, will model fashions from the Pink Garter in Bellevue... The background art is by Morris Graves - three panels that are on long-time loan to the museum from the collection of Mr. And Mrs. Allen Vance Salsbury.
Mrs. William D. Lovell dreamed she went to the Seattle Art Museum in her at-home wear … and by golly she will at noon Thursday, when the Seattle Art Museum Guild has its annual spring luncheon and a lingerie fashion show. Mrs. Lovell, a member of the guild board, and other guild members, will model fashions from the Pink Garter in Bellevue… The background art is by Morris Graves – three panels that are on long-time loan to the museum from the collection of Mr. And Mrs. Allen Vance Salsbury. (ca. 1952, clipping from The Seattle Times)

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1962
1962

Seattle Now & Then: The Plymouth Congregational Church at 3rd and University

(click to enlarge photos)

THEN: Plymouth Congregational Church barely reached maturity – twenty-one years – when it was torn down in 1913 for construction of the equally grand but less prayerful Pantages Theatre, also at the northeast corner of Third Avenue and University Street. (Museum of History & Industry)
THEN: Plymouth Congregational Church barely reached maturity – twenty-one years – when it was torn down in 1913 for construction of the equally grand but less prayerful Pantages Theatre, also at the northeast corner of Third Avenue and University Street. (Museum of History & Industry)
NOW: The locally popular Jackie Sounders band played for the Pantages Theatre’s “Last Curtain Party” in 1965. It then took a year to replace the imposing terra cotta tile clad theatre with the seven-story car cache that survives at the corner.
NOW: The locally popular Jackie Sounders band played for the Pantages Theatre’s “Last Curtain Party” in 1965. It then took a year to replace the imposing terra cotta tile clad theatre with the seven-story car cache that survives at the corner.

In 1889 the parishioners of Plymouth Congregational chose to sell their first church, a frame-construction on Second Ave. near Spring Street, for $32,000, a sum that allowed them to build nearby the bigger brick sanctuary seen here at the northeast corner of Third Avenue and University Street.  The rear façade of their new

Plymouth's first sanctuary appears her eon the far-right. Its is given here to some commercial use with a sidewalk level storefront. The congregation has move two and one-half blocks north to University Street.
Plymouth’s first sanctuary appears far-right.  it has been given here to some commercial use with a sidewalk level storefront. The congregation has long since moved the  two and one-half blocks north to University Street.

landmark faced the University of Washington’s first campus, whose ten acres made a verdant back yard for the monumental sanctuary.  On the right, the northwest corner of the campus climbs what was called Denny’s Knoll, until that unique hillock on the western slope of First Hill was regraded away for the creation of the Metropolitan Building Company’s “city within a city.”  The Cobb Building, the most distinguished survivor of the Metro Company’s lavish commercial makeover of the campus, can be easily found right-center in Jean Sherrard’s “repeat.” 

The Cobb Bldg at the northwest corner of University Street and Fourth Avenue stands taller than Plymouth's landmark tower with the help of a steep grade on University Street.
The Cobb Bldg at the northwest corner of University Street and Fourth Avenue stands taller than Plymouth’s landmark tower with the help of a steep grade on University Street. The Post Office is just north (left) of the Congregationalists. 

For my taste the featured photograph is the grandest of the many photo-portraits of this hybrid Romanesque/Gothic landmark recorded during its tenure at this site. By some mystifying morning reflection, the light out of the east brightens the tracery of the church’s grandest window, which faced west over Third Avenue. After about twenty years, the rapidly growing Plymouth congregation received an offer it could not refuse. Alexander Pantages, the vaudevillian impresario, wanted the corner for a

A Seattle Times clip from April 2, 1912.
A Seattle Times clip from April 2, 1912.

namesake terra cotta-clad theatre. On the fifth of May, 1913, The Seattle Times reported that a day earlier the “steeple was shorn from old Plymouth Church . . . to make way for the new Pantages Theatre.” Once its timber supports were sawn through, the lassoed spire was successfully guided by ropes and fell on the roof, rather than the street.  The congregation then moved to their present corner of Sixth Avenue and University Street, three blocks east of this one.

A Times clipping from May 23, 1913. (Courtesy of The Seattle Times and the Seattle Public Library.)
A Times clipping from May 23, 1913. (Courtesy of The Seattle Times and the Seattle Public Library.)

In the featured photo, both Third and University Streets still sit at their original nearly natural grade.  The later regrade that began in 1906, noted above, lowered the streets here by about ten steps.  That is what it took, after the second regrade, for Plymouth parishioners to climb from the new sidewalk up to their sanctuary’s pews.  Here there are no stairs, because the Webster and Stevens photograph was taken sometime before that 1906 regrade.  The photographers, Ira Webster and Nelson Stevens, were migrant Midwesterners who met while working in the Seattle Photo Studio, which they soon quit to found their own photography business in 1903.  They advertised their reach as “Anything, Anytime, Anywhere.”  

Top - roof construction on the P.O. at about the same ca. 1907 stage shown in Bottom - the P.O. stairs fresh following the regrade.
Top – roof construction on the P.O. at about the same ca. 1907 stage shown in photo placed below this one.   Bottom – the P.O. stairs fresh following the regrade.
With construction of the Federal Post Office behind it, the Plymouth sanctuary, with the P.O., sits at its new grade.
With construction of the Federal Post Office behind it, the Plymouth sanctuary, with the P.O., sits at its new grade.  The steps up from the sidewalk are largely hidden behind a pedestrian and some landscaping that in this photo resembles two piles of rocks – but almost certainly is not.  The Third Ave. Regrades changes on the P.O. are also revealed.
South of University Street during the Third Avenue regarde ca. 1906.
South of University Street during the Third Avenue regarde ca. 1906.

We confidently speculate that the W&S partners took the featured photograph sometime in 1904.  The number, 658, that they inscribed on the negative, is a relatively low one, especially for an enterprise that ultimately produced over sixty-thousand images, many of them glass, and now shared and protected in the library of the Museum of History and Industry. To the left of the number, and also on the street, the partners have written the name of their subject, “Plymouth Church.” This treatment suggests that they considered the image worthy of their general commercial stock – perhaps for distribution as a “real photo postcard,” which were then becoming popular.

An August 30, 1903 promotion for the Antlers Hotel at the northwest corner of Union Street and Fourth Avenue.
An August 30, 1903 promotion for the Antlers Hotel at the northwest corner of Union Street and Fourth Avenue.

Our proposed date of around 1904 is somewhat supported by the presence, far left, of the Antlers Hotel, which opened in the summer of 1903 on the northwest corner of Union Street and Fourth Ave.  More evidentiary, directly north of Plymouth Church, the big corner lot, here on the left, was purchased in 1901 by the Federal Government for Seattle’s Beaux Arts Federal Building.  Construction began at that corner in 1904. Surely, many PacificNW readers will remember its pigeon-marked classical columns. 

Looking southeast thru the Union Street and Third Avenue intersection at the about six-year-old Federal Post Office.
Looking southeast thru the Union Street and Third Avenue intersection at the about six-year-old Federal Post Office.
Named for a pioneer, the Plummer Block held the southeast corner of Third Ave. and Union Street until the Fed's purchased it for construction of the P.O. The ornate frame business block was moved two block north on Third Ave. to Pine Street, and so temporarily saved.
Named for a pioneer, the Plummer Block held the southeast corner of Third Ave. and Union Street until the Feds purchased it for construction of the P.O. The ornate frame business block was moved two block north on Third Ave. to Pine Street, and there  temporarily saved.
LaRoche's look north on Third Avenue from University Street includes the just noted above Plummer Block on the right.
LaRoche’s look north on Third Avenue from University Street includes, on the right, the just noted above Plummer Block in profile.  .

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The other side. Denny Hotel looking south from the top of Denny Hill - from near Blanchard Street and over or through Virginia. Photo by the N.P. Photographer, F. J. Haynes, ca. 1892.
The other side. Denny Hotel looking south from the top of Denny Hill – from near Blanchard Street and over or through Virginia. Photo by the N.P. Photographer, F. J. Haynes, ca. 1892.

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3rd & Union circa 1904 copy

First appeared in Pacific on Sept. 15, 2002.
First appeared in Pacific on Sept. 15, 2002.

WEB EXTRAS

Anything to add, fellahs?  Certainly Jean, and beginning with Ron’s gathering of a comfortable smoking jacket’s pocket of scans from other features from nearby the congregationalists – most of them on Third Avenue.  (We should note that Ron Edge does not smoke.   I do not know if he ever has.  He seems to have a good diet, based largely on cabbage.   Me too.)

THEN: With the stone federal post office at its shoulder – to the left – and the mostly brick Cobb Building behind, the tiled Pantages Theatre at Third Ave. and University Street gave a glow to the block. (Courtesy Lawton Gowey)

THEN: Looking north from Seneca Street on Third Avenue during its regrade in 1906. (Photo by Lewis Whittelsey, Courtesy of Lawton Gowey)

THEN: Where last week the old Washington Hotel looked down from the top of Denny Hill to the 3rd Ave. and Pine St. intersection, on the left, here the New Washington Hotel, left of center and one block west of the razed hotel, towers over the still new Denny Regrade neighborhood in 1917. (Historical photo courtesy of Ron Edge)

THEN: Sometime between early December 1906 and mid-February 1907 an unnamed photographer with her or his back about two lots north of Pike Street recorded landmarks on the east side of Third Avenue including, in part, the Washington Bar stables, on the right; the Union Stables at the center, a church converted for theatre at Pine Street, and north of Pine up a snow-dusted Denny Hill, the Washington Hotel. (Used courtesy of Ron Edge)

THEN: Looking north from Columbia Street over the construction pit for the Central Building. On the left is a rough section of the Third Avenue Regrade in the spring of 1907. (Courtesy, MOHAI)

THEN: Looking west from First Avenue down the University Street viaduct to the waterfront, ca. 1905. Post Office teams and their drivers pose beside the Arlington Hotel, which was then also headquarters for mail delivery in Seattle. (Courtesy, Gary Gaffner)

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ONCE MORE ON THE CORNER

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The Plymouth Chancel appointed for Christmas.
The Plymouth Chancel appointed for Christmas.  Or are these hanging for the Fourth?

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We will add a few more neighborhood scene’s and some proof reading tomorrow following a night, we hope, of remembered dreams.

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Seattle Now & Then: The Market – ‘An Honest Place in a Phony Time’

(click to enlarge photos)

THEN: A circa 1920 look north along the tiled roofline of the Pike Place Market’s North Arcade, which is fitted into the slender block between Pike Place, on the right, and Western Avenue, on the left. (Courtesy, Museum of History and Industry)
THEN: A circa 1920 look north along the tiled roofline of the Pike Place Market’s North Arcade, which is fitted into the slender block between Pike Place, on the right, and Western Avenue, on the left. (Courtesy, Museum of History and Industry)
NOW: In the near-century since our “then,” the Arcade has added the Desimone Bridge over Western, left-center. On the right, the Belltown/Denny Regrade neighborhood is being increasingly stocked with the high-rises envisioned by the original regraders, and on the left, work-in-progress on the Municipal Market space, will blend the Public Market with the new waterfront, once it is revealed with the razing of the Alaskan Way Viaduct.
NOW: In the near-century since our “then,” the Arcade has added the Desimone Bridge over Western, left-center. On the right, the Belltown/Denny Regrade neighborhood is being increasingly stocked with the high-rises envisioned by the original regraders, and on the left, work-in-progress on the Municipal Market space, will blend the Public Market with the new waterfront, once it is revealed with the razing of the Alaskan Way Viaduct.

We will begin this little slice of Market history – the pie-shaped part squeezed between Western Avenue, on the left, and Pike Place, on the right – by imagining a clutter of shacks and sheds that were homes for the poor squatters who built them, beginning in the depressing years that followed the economic panic of 1893. Soon after the three-block-long Pike Place was cut through that neighborhood of cribs and shanties, the Seattle City Council chose it as home for a public market. 

Another Webster and Stevens early record of the Markets North Arcade used Courtesy of the Museum of History and Industry.
Another Webster and Stevens early record of the Markets North Arcade used Courtesy of the Museum of History and Industry.  CLICK TWICE

That was in 1907, or roughly thirteen years before Webster and Stevens, the photographic studio that was long associated with The Times, recorded the here featured look north along the gracefully flexing line of the Market’s North Arcade.  Originally Pike Place was intended and graded not to sell produce, but rather to connect Western Avenue with First Avenue at an easier grade than the shorter, but much steeper, climb that survives on Virginia Street.

(Used Courtesy of the Museum of History and Industry)
(Used Courtesy of the Museum of History and Industry)

A growing battery of motivated motorists discovered this friendly grade and became so habituated to its advantages that there followed a nearly quarter-century encounter on Pike Place between produce and internal combustion. Traffic from the waterfront came this way as much to reach the new retail district beyond the Market as to make deliveries along Pike Place.  And the three-hundred yards of Pike Place was also used by barreling motorists to bypass the narrow business district and its increasingly congested avenues.  

( Courtesy, Museum of History and Industry)
( Courtesy, Museum of History and Industry)

Work on the North Arcade began beside Pike Place soon after the Market opened and was completed a few yards short of Virginia in 1911.  As is obvious in both our featured “now and then,” the width of this wedge-shaped block between Western Ave. and Pike Place narrows as it approaches Virginia Street, where those intending to head south must still negotiate a hairpin turn on to Western.

A quiet Pike Place ca. 1925, either early in the morning or after closing. (Courtesy, University of Washington, Special Collections)
A quiet Pike Place ca. 1925, either early in the morning or after closing. (Courtesy, University of Washington, Special Collections)

To the left, in its afternoon shadow, stands the turreted Seamen’s Home, which was built in 1910 and survived into the early 1970s.  At the photo’s center, or just beyond the far end of the North Arcade, the Armory marks the horizon with its roofline crenellations.  Dedicated in 1909, it was razed to some protests in 1968.  On the right, some of the signs above the shops on the east side of Pike Place reveal how this place, originally designed for the direct meeting of farmers and home-kitchen economists, accommodates what are apparently like-minded alliances, such as the Green Lake Farmers Association, the Washington Farmers Association, and the Family Shoe Market, “A Cut Price Shoe Store for Workers.”

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Beneath its roof the North Arcade’s nearly 600-foot-long run shelters the busker-serenaded day stalls filled by farmers, craftspeople and manifold merchants, who, regardless of their prices, collectively continue to make the Pike Place Market what during the Friends of the Market’s long struggle to save it, Seattle architect Fred Bassetti famously and lovingly described as “an honest place in a phony time.” 

WEB EXTRAS

I’ll throw in a few shots from near the North Arcade roof.

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Anything to add, lads? Jean your extras from the roof are fresh and invigorating, and not because of the fresh produce beneath you.   Ron Edge has again attached a few past features from the week’s featured neighborhood, and we have paid attention to the Public Market in our now 34 years of covering the city.  It has been more than a half-century since I first visited the market, but it was for a party not produce.

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THEN: The Hotel York at the northwest corner of Pike Street and First Avenue supplied beds on the American Plan for travelers and rooms for traveling hucksters. (Courtesy Lawton Gowey)

THEN: In this April morning record of the 1975 “Rain or Shine Public Market Paint-in,” above the artists, restoration work has begun with the gutting of the Corner Market Building. (Photo by Frank Shaw)

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THEN: Friends of the Market president, architect Victor Steinbrueck, leads a cadre of Friends marching for Market preservation in front of the Seattle City Hall most likely on March 18, 1971. (Photo by Tom Brownell from the Post-Intelligencer collection at MOHAI)

THEN: Steel beams clutter a freshly regraded Second Avenue during the 1907 construction of the Moore Theatre. The view looks north toward Virginia Street.

THEN: An early-20th-century scene during the Second Avenue Regrade looks east into its intersection with Virginia Avenue. A home is being moved from harm's way, but the hotel on the hill behind it would not survive the regrade's spoiling. Courtesy of Ron Edge.

THEN: In 1910, a circa date for this look north on First Avenue across Virginia Street, the two corners on the east side of the intersection were still undeveloped – except for signs. The Terminal Sales Building, seen far right in Jean Sherrard’s repeat, did not replace the billboards that crowd the sidewalk in the “then” until 1923. (Seattle Municipal Archive)

THEN: The 1974 fire at the Municipal Market Building on the west side of Western Avenue did not hasten the demise of the by then half-century old addition of the Pike Place Market. It had already been scheduled for demolition. (Courtesy, Seattle Municipal Archive)

THEN: Looking south from Pine Street down the wide Second Avenue in 1911, then Seattle’s growing retail strip and parade promenade. (courtesy of Jim Westall)

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 I have, of course, through the t hirty-four yárs, so far, of fashioning these weekly features, I have, of course, made more than a few mistakes. The most of them dyslexic north-south, up-down, left-right, mistakes does not assuage the reader's confusion. But I have also made foru-or five "mea-culpa blunders, which I'll not now recount for readers. The feature is unique in its insensitivity proposed by a reader. I have printed the readers complaint side-by-side with the feature. Frankly, I have no idea! But was I still guilty of missing the KKK? You decide, if you can.
I have, of course, through the thirty-four years, so far, of fashioning these weekly features, made more than a few mistakes. That most have been of the dyslexic north-south, up-down, left-right, sort does not assuage the reader’s confusion. But I have also made four or more “mea-culpa” blunders, which, however,  I’ll not now recount for readers. This caption hangs from a feature that is unique with an insensitivity proposed by a reader. I have printed the readers complaint side-by-side with the feature. Frankly, I had no idea! But was I still guilty of missing the KKK? And if I had  not missed it, would it then be wrong to find the photo enchanting?  You decide, if you can.  [CLICK TWICE]

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ROSS CUNNINHAM’S insightful commentary on the public’s doubts about destroying landmarks for modern replacements appeared in The Times in 1963, the year in which the city’s first organized forces for preservation fought to protect the landmark Seattle Hotel in Pioneer Square.  While they lost that battle they clearly did not lose the war, and, we figure, they helped to sway this influential voice for the Times, Ross Cunningham.  Still, at least in this report, Cunnningham was mistaken about the fate of the Market.   Read it . . . and CLICK CLICK.

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At least two anglers were used to make the point. Perhaps there were many more, they took turns. However, upon reflection, the glass negatives typically used by the Webster and Stevens studio were both large and dear.
At least two anglers were used to make the public works political  point. Perhaps there were many more, they took turns. However, upon reflection, the glass negatives typically used by the Webster and Stevens studio were both large and dear.

Seattle Now & Then: Digging the Fremont Canal

(click to enlarge photos)

THEN: This panorama could have used a tower (or drone) to better survey the size of the June 1, 191l, crowd gathered in Fremont/Ross to celebrate the beginning of construction on the Lake Washington Ship Canal. (Courtesy, Museum of History & Industry)
THEN: This panorama could have used a tower (or drone) to better survey the size of the June 1, 191l, crowd gathered in Fremont/Ross to celebrate the beginning of construction on the Lake Washington Ship Canal. (Courtesy, Museum of History & Industry)
NOW: Although more than a century has passed, many of the structures showing in the 1911 panorama survive, including the front porch on the far left of both the ‘then’ and Jean Sherrard’s repeat. Blue reflections off the canal shine on the right.
NOW: Although more than a century has passed, many of the structures showing in the 1911 panorama survive, including the front porch on the far left of both the ‘then’ and Jean Sherrard’s repeat. Blue reflections off the canal shine on the right.

I had been familiar with the right half of this panorama for nearly forty years, but beyond recognizing that Queen Anne Hill was on the right horizon, it continued to puzzle me.  Recently a studious friend, Ron Edge, while reviewing the Webster and Stevens Collection of historical Seattle subjects in the library of the Museum of History and Industry, found the left half, the street scene with the loosely parked array of motorcars.  After merging the two parts, Ron was able to match the historical porch of the home on the far left with the existing porch at the northwest corner of N.W. Canal Street and First Avenue N.W.  It is mostly hidden behind the landscape in Jean Sherrard’s repeat, again on the far left.  [Next, we will include two looks at the same neighborhood that sits, with these,  across the canal’s mostly completed ditch perhaps two years or three after the featured photo was first recorded in 1911.   The “existing porch,” noted above, can be found in both of the details. ] 

The obscure porch is easily found on the far left of both of the above photos. (Courtesy, Museum of History and Industry)
The obscure porch is easily found on the far left of both of the above photos.  To ENLARGE it will help to CLICK TWICE.] (Courtesy, Museum of History and Industry)

The site is about a half-mile west of the Fremont Bridge, on the north side of what, prior to the ship canal, was still called Ross Creek, Lake Union’s outlet to Salmon Bay. Before the Fremont lumber mill was constructed in the late 1880s, this was known as part of Ross, a community named for the truly pioneer family that first settled here in the 1850s.  Ross School on Third Ave. N.W. survived until 1940.  

An 1890s mostly imagined development - including Ross, far-right - along the north shore of Lake Union. Latona is long since part of Wallingford. This is true, as well, of Edgewater, although Fremont might claim part of that too. Brooklyn, far-right, was the first name that held, for a time, for the University District.
A  late 1890s map of the mostly imagined development – including Ross, far-left – along the north shore of Lake Union.  Latona is long since part of Wallingford. This is true, as well, of Edgewater, although Fremont might claim part of that too. Brooklyn, far-right, was the first name that held, for a time, for the University District.
Another snap
Another snap from the June 1, 1911 celebration for the start at digging the ship canal.   The poster on the far left  includes a date that led us to also dating the celebration.

We found a clue to the date for this celebration in another Webster and Stevens photo of this event, which included a detail of a Dreamland poster promoting a dance for the 2nd of June.  From the evidence of the motorcars, we began our search in late May of 1911, and we were soon rewarded. The smoke rising from the center of the pan marks the moment – or nearly – when, to quote the next day Seattle Times for June 2, 1911, the elderly Judge Roger Greene

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Above and above, two more Webster and Stevens records from the June 1, 1911 canal-digging celeberation. {Courtesy Museum of History and Industry)
Above and above, two more Webster and Stevens records from the June 1, 1911 canal-digging celebration. {Courtesy Museum of History and Industry)

“stood on the little platform in the midst of a throng and waving, with all the vigor of his long-past youth … gave the signal which started the steam shovels in their task of digging the canal west of Fremont … It was the most dramatic moment of the entire day, which had been dedicated to the celebration in this city of the Progress & Prosperity events taking place on June 1.”  That singular day’s long list of promotions began downtown with a Second Avenue parade celebrating the completion of the 18-story Hoge building, briefly the tallest in Seattle, and the start of construction on the 42-story (more or less) Smith Tower. [For aging eyes like ours click the below twice for reading.  It is the Times next day report on the June 1, 1911 celebration.]

The Seattle Times next day report on the June 1, 1911 celebration at Ross/Freemont.
The Seattle Times next day report on the June 1, 1911 celebration at Ross/Freemont.   CLICK TWICE TO ENLARGE

The parade, led by Kavanaugh’s marching band, included a long line of motorcars and “at least 400 Ballard citizens” carrying picks and shovels. The Ballardian canal boomers led the auto-less pedestrians up Second Avenue to trolleys waiting on Pike Street to carry them to Fremont and the afternoon program featuring prosperity-succoring VIPs, speaking loudly in counterpoint with the satisfied growling of steam shovels. 

Another later look across the canal to the neighborhood where the first digging was celebrated - and started - on June 1, 1911. And the house with the porch can be found here, as well.
Another later look across the canal to the neighborhood where the first digging was celebrated – and started – on June 1, 1911. And the house with the porch can be found here, as well.  Ran Edge, and I, challenge our readers to date this pan and also elaborate-identify some of its parts and landmarks.   [You are now on your own.]
Friend of Foe?
Friend of the canal or foe or, perhaps, an American ex-patriot in England scheming to trade some of his wealth for a title and a life of meetings and parties with Europe’s who is who?

The leader of the Progress & Prosperity Day committee was Millard Freeman, the brilliantly pugnacious publisher of the Pacific Fisherman, the Pacific Motorboat and The Town Crier.  With federal money at last insuring the canal project, Freeman promoted the Progress & Prosperity Day in part to get even by expressing his political resentments toward the canal’s “lurking foes … and to flay these opponents with the lash of pubic scorn and resentment.”  And at the end of the day, “to insure the steady progress of Seattle and the prosperity of all the people,” The estimated 310,00 residents of Seattle were urged to keep their porch lights burning city-wide between 9 and 10 pm.  

The Army Corps 1891 map of its proposed route for the canal between salt water and fresh. Thru the ensuing quarter-century until its completion many changes were made.
The Army Corps 1891 map of its proposed route for the canal between salt water and fresh. Thru the ensuing quarter-century until its completion, many changes were made. CLICK CLICK

WEB EXTRAS

Additions, mes potes?  Several past feature from the canal or near it, Jean.  We claim no more.

THEN: Looking east from the roof of the still standing testing lab, the Lock’s Administration Building (from which this photograph was borrowed) appears on the left, and the district engineer’s home, the Cavanaugh House (still standing) on the center horizon. (Photo courtesy Army Corps of Engineers at Chittenden Locks)

THEN: Captioned Salmon Bay, 1887, this is most likely very near the eastern end of the bay where it was fed by Ross Creek, the Lake Union outlet. (Courtesy, Michael Maslan Vintage Posters and Photographs)

THEN: From the Fremont Bridge, this subject looks northwest across the torrent that followed the washout of the Fremont Dam in the early afternoon of March 13, 1914. Part of the Bryant Lumber and Shingle Mill appears left-of-center. The north end of the Stone Way Trestle appears in the upper right corner. (Courtesy, Seattle Municipal Archives)

THEN: One of a few photographs recording from different prospects the Fremont trolley car barn on Dec.11, 1936. North 35th Street, on the right, was originally named Blewett for Edward and Carrie Blewett. In 1888 the couple, fresh from Fremont, Nebraska, first named and promoted Fremont as a Seattle neighborhood. That year Fremont also got its lumber mill. (Courtesy, Lawton Gowey)

THEN: Looking west down Ewing Street (North 34th) in 1907 with the nearly new trolley tracks on the left and a drainage ditch on the right to protect both the tracks and the still barely graded street from flooding. (Courtesy, Michael Maslan)

THEN: James Lee, for many years an official photographer for Seattle’s public works department, looks south over Ballard’s Salmon Bay a century ago. Queen Anne Hill marks the horizon, with a glimpse of Magnolia on the far right. (Courtesy, Museum of History and Industry)

THEN: With great clouds overhead and a landscape 45 years shorter than now, one vehicle – a pickup heading east – gets this part of State Route 520 to itself on a weekday afternoon. (courtesy Lawton Gowey)

Built for the manufacture of a fantastic engine that did not make it beyond its model, the Fremont factory’s second owner, Carlos Flohr, used it to build vacuum chambers for protecting telescope lenses. Thirty feet across and made from stainless steel the lens holders were often mistaken for flying saucers. (photo courtesy Kvichak marine Industries.)

Then: Photographed from an upper story of the Ford Factory at Fairview Avenue and Valley Street, the evidence of Seattle's explosive boom years can be seen on every shore of Lake Union, ca. 1920. Courtesy of MOHAI

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THEN: The Latona Bridge was constructed in 1891 along the future line of the Lake Washington Ship Canal Bridge. The photo was taken from the Seattle Lake Shore and Eastern Railway right-of-way, now the Burke Gilman Recreation Trail. The Northlake Apartment/Hotel on the right survived and struggled into the 1960s. (Courtesy, Ron Edge)

THEN: The historical view looks directly south into the Latona addition’s business district on Sixth Ave. NE. from the Northern Pacific’s railroad bridge, now part of the Burke Gilman Recreation Trail. (Courtesy, Lawton Gowey)

THEN: Long-time Wallingford resident Victor Lygdman looks south through the work-in-progress on the Lake Washington Ship Canal Bridge during the summer of 1959. Bottom-right are the remnants of the Latona business and industrial district, including the Wayland Mill and the Northlake Apartments, replaced now with Ivar’s Salmon House and its parking. (Photo by Victor Lygdman)

montlake-f-roanoke

THEN: Pioneer Arthur Denny's son, Orion, took this photo of popularly named Lake Union John and his second wife, Madeline, sometime before the latter's death in 1906.

THEN: The 1906-07 Gas Works at the north end of Lake Union went idle in 1956 when natural gas first reached Seattle by pipeline. In this photo, taken about fifteen years later, the Wallingford Peninsula is still home to the plant’s abandoned and “hanging gardens of metal.” (Courtesy: Rich Haag)

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Looking north over the short-lived Fremont high bridge in 1911.
Looking north over the short-lived
Fremont high bridge in 1911.
Looking north on the Fremont high bridge, 1911.
Looking north on the Fremont high bridge, 1911.

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Enjoying the noontime sun while resting or fishing perhaps with a hidden pole on the bridge that cross the Lake's Fremont outlet. Beyond is the trolley bridge. The scene looks west towards Ross and Ballard.
Enjoying the noontime sun while resting or fishing perhaps with a hidden pole on the bridge that cross the Lake’s Fremont outlet. Beyond is the trolley bridge. The scene looks west towards Ross and Ballard.

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Work on the north pier of the Fremont Bascule Bridge.
Work on the north pier of the Fremont Bascule Bridge.

clip-Fremont-Bridge-Construct-NOW-web

clip-Fremont-Bridge-construction-web

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First appeared in Pacific January 29, 1987
First appeared in Pacific January 29, 1987

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CLIP-Ballard-mills-fm-QA-15th-ave-WEB

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clip-Ballard-Skyline-web

First appeared in Pacific, December 11, 1988.
First appeared in Pacific, December 11, 1988.

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clip-Fishereman-term-fm-15th-bridge-WEB

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First appeared in Pacific, July 15, 1984.
First appeared in Pacific, July 15, 1984.

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clip-Ballard-Bridge-Tracks-removal-web-

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First appeared in Pacific Oct. 31, 2004.
First appeared in Pacific Oct. 31, 2004.

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First appeared in Pacific, August 14, 2001.
First appeared in Pacific, August 19, 2001.

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xx- 1914, dec.11 FREMONT-SPILLWAY-THEN-1914WEB

xx-7-16-2006-Fremont-Dam,--Spillway-lk-eWEB

xx- 1914 FREMONT-SPILLWAY-NOW-WEB

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Seattle Now & Then: Denny’s Swale

(click to enlarge photos)

THEN: We imagine that the photographer A.J. McDonald waited for one of his subjects, the cable car to Queen Anne Hill, to reach the intersection of Second Ave. N. and Aloha Street below him before snapping this panorama in the mid-1890s.
THEN: We imagine that the photographer A.J. McDonald waited for one of his subjects, the cable car to Queen Anne Hill, to reach the intersection of Second Ave. N. and Aloha Street below him before snapping this panorama in the mid-1890s.
NOW: Jean Sherrard chose the revealing upper west-bound half of Ward Street to record his ‘repeat’ south into the Seattle Center.
NOW: Jean Sherrard chose the revealing upper west-bound half of Ward Street to record his ‘repeat’ south into the Seattle Center.

For reasons that may in part have had something to do with nostalgia for farm life and open mid-western pastures, the young city builders David and Louisa Denny protected from development most of the swale, or naturally cleared wetland, on their pioneer claim.  Much of that clearing is included in this look south from the still lightly developed southern slope of Queen Anne Hill, in the foreground, to the extensive scatter of structures on Denny Hill, crowned by its landmark Denny Hotel, at the middle distance.  The far horizon extends from West Seattle, on the right, along the ridge of Beacon Hill to First Hill, the ‘Profanity Hill’ part of it, where the brandishing tower of the King County Court House makes a perpetual promotion for law and order.

A closer look to the rear of the Denny (AKA Washington) Hotel, this shot early by the NPRR photographer Hayes on visit to Seattle ca. 1890 or 1891. The shot looks south on Third Avenue from north of Virginia Street. (Courtesy, Montana Historical Society)
A closer look to the rear of the Denny (AKA Washington) Hotel, this was recorded by the NPRR photographer F. J. Hayes on a visit to Seattle ca. 1890 or 1891. The shot looks south on Third Avenue from Lenora  Street. (Courtesy, Montana Historical Society)
The same hotel - Denny or Washington - looking northwest form Fourth Avenue between Pine and Steward Streets. Stewart is on the right. (Courtesy of Louise Lovely, is what we called in the early One Reel Vaudeville days when Louise performed at fairs and festivals from the rear of a truck rigged with a stage. )
The same hotel – Denny or Washington – looking northwest from Fourth Avenue between Pine and Steward Streets. Stewart is on the right. (Courtesy of Louise Lovely.  That  is what we called Louise in the early One Reel Vaudeville days when she performed at fairs and festivals from the rear of a truck rigged with a stage. )

This week’s ‘then’ is one of a dozen or more panoramas that the photographer A. J. McDonald took of Seattle from a few of its hills during his, it seems, brief stay in the early mid-1890s.  (We will attached a few more below.)  This is one of the more softly focused of the photographer’s recordings, but it is still outstanding.  No doubt, McDonald is standing with his tri-pod on or near Ward Street and sighting south on Second Ave. N.  It is about 1895, the year the Seattle Dept. of Public Works regularized and thereby restrained the often imaginative collection of Seattle’s street names. 

A detail of the South Queen Anne neighborhood from the 1893 Sanborn Real Estate Map, before the regularizing of the street names. Notice there are two Thomas Streets showing here.
A detail of the South Queen Anne neighborhood from the 1893 Sanborn Real Estate Map, before the regularizing of the street names. By way of example, notice there are two Thomas Streets showing here.  A portion of Harrison is named Fourth, and Queen Ane Ave. is still Temperance Ave, which with Republican Street  heralds the political devotions of David and Louisa Denny who set their migrant’s claim here.  [Click to Enlarge]

Previously, Second Ave. N. was Poplar Avenue, and Ward was Villard Street. The last was named for the journalist-capitalist who brought the Northern Pacific Railroad to Seattle in the early 1880s and then promptly lost it. 

Running left-right (east-west) above the center of the pan is Harrison Street, which now passes through the fanciful clutter of the irregularly-shaped Seattle Center.  Nob Hill Avenue, which was Ash Avenue until 1895, reaches Harrison directly above the center of McDonald’s panorama.  Directly below that intersection is the swale, still holding on to its green, but now transformed into part of the artificial grass end zone of the Seattle Memorial Stadium.  [There is a good now-then comparison of the swale among the Edge Links that follow this brief exposition.]

The swale hosting a circus. The view looks north from near Harrison Street. Nob Hill Ave. is on the right.
The swale hosting a circus. The view looks north from near Harrison Street. Nob Hill Ave. is on the right.

The list of historical uses of this clearing begins with the Duwamish Tribe’s both ritual and practical potlatch celebrations, and their catching in nets the low-flying waterfowl passing between Elliott Bay and the then restful tulles at the south end of Lake Union.  With the Dennys in the early 1850s came their extensive gardens, which helped feed both their family and Seattle’s produce needs. In the late 1890s the swale was fitted with an army corral filled with horses and mules for help with the Spanish-American War.  Soon after McDonald’s visit, the swale repeatedly hosted other horses, with carnivals and traveling circuses.  Part of it was also developed into a fenced field with bleachers for professional baseball.  In 1927-28 the swale was appointed with the concrete core for Seattle’s arts and entertainment culture: the Civic Auditorium, Arena, and Civic Field.

Construction on Civic Field, the Civic Auditorium and Ice Arena in the late 1920s. The aerial looks northeast over Lake Union and it's clutter of salvaged ships.
Construction on Civic Field, the Civic Auditorium and Ice Arena in the late 1920s. The aerial looks northeast over Lake Union and it’s clutter of abiding ships waiting for sale, use, salvage  or perhaps to be cleaned in fresh water..

In 1958, or thirty years later, the Seattle City Council allotted $7,550 for the clearing away of eighteen “dilapidated buildings” from the by then probable site of the Century 21 Exposition, Seattle World’s Fair. It is likely the McDonald’s panorama includes some of the condemned structures in the neighborhood beyond Harrison Street, on the far side of the swale.

A copy of most of the
A copy of most of Ordinance No. 86033 “providing for the condemnation of property as a site for civic center development.  This is sent compliments of Scott Cline, the city’s archivist who is about to retire after thirty-plus years of organizing the municipal archive with considerable success and consistent skill.  Regarding this ordinance, the retiring archivist notes “I’ve included the portion of the ordinance that lists all of the property subject to condemnation.  It is listed by legal description (addition, block, and lot).  The rest of the ordinance (on a different page) is boiler plate with a section that notes the costs will be paid through the Seattle Civic Center Development Bonds 1956 Fund.  The ordinance was passed by Council on April 8,1957 and signed by Mayor Clinton on April 9. ”  Thanks Scott, and may your plans for a retirement of writing, exercise  and travel follow.  We will add that on June 26, 1958 the Seattle Times reported that “Fred B. McCoy, City Building Superintendent, asked City Council to appropriate $7, 550 to raze 18 dilapidated  buildings in the Civic Center area.”

WEB EXTRAS

Anything to add, kids?  Sure Randall.  Ron has topped his past clips from the neighborhood with another by McDonald panaorama, one that looks northwest from Terry Avenue and Union Street towards Lake Union with the northeast corner of Queen Anne Hill on the far right.   But first we will “trump” Ron by showing a merge he composed of two other McDonald pans that were, like the featured photo, taken from a prospect on or very near Ward Street and looking east over Fifth Avenue.   That double pan follows now.  Please double click it.

Two McDonald pans from Queen Anne Hill with a sweeping Capitol Hill horizon have been merged by Ron Edge
Two McDonald pans from Queen Anne Hill with a sweeping Capitol Hill horizon have been merged by Ron Edge.  The home on the far left is at or near the southeast corner of Ward Street and Fifth Avenue.  Please Double Click.

THEN: A.J. McDonald’s panorama of Lake Union and its surrounds dates from the early 1890s. It was taken from First Hill, looking north from near the intersection of Terry Avenue and Union Street. (Courtesy, Museum of History and Industry)

THEN: In the first years of the twentieth century, visiting circuses most often used these future Seattle Center acres to raise their big tops. After 1911 the favored circus site was moved to the then freshly-cleared Denny Regrade neighborhood (Courtesy, Mike Cirelli)

THEN: Looking west from the southwest corner of 6th Ave. N. and Mercer St. to the trolley barn and yards for the (renamed in 1919) Seattle Municipal Railway in 1936. (Courtesy Lawton Gowey)

THEN: An early-20th-century scene during the Second Avenue Regrade looks east into its intersection with Virginia Avenue. A home is being moved from harm's way, but the hotel on the hill behind it would not survive the regrade's spoiling. Courtesy of Ron Edge.

THEN: In 1910, a circa date for this look north on First Avenue across Virginia Street, the two corners on the east side of the intersection were still undeveloped – except for signs. The Terminal Sales Building, seen far right in Jean Sherrard’s repeat, did not replace the billboards that crowd the sidewalk in the “then” until 1923. (Seattle Municipal Archive)

https://sherrlock.files.wordpress.com/2013/05/crockett-7-w-row-then-mr1.jpg?w=968&h=629

THEN: The home at bottom right looks across Madison Street (out of frame) to Central School. The cleared intersection of Spring Street and Seventh Avenue shows on the right.

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THEN: The Dog House at 714 Denny Way was strategically placed at the southern terminus for the Aurora Speedway when it was new in the mid-1930s. (Photo courtesy of Washington State Archive, Bellevue Community College Branch.)

THEN: Long thought to be an early footprint for West Seattle’s Admiral Theatre, this charming brick corner was actually far away on another Seattle Hill. Courtesy, Southwest Seattle Historical Society.

THEN: Looking south from Pine Street down the wide Second Avenue in 1911, then Seattle’s growing retail strip and parade promenade. (courtesy of Jim Westall)

THEN: While visiting Seattle for some promoting, silent film star Wallace Reid shares the sidewalk at 4th and Olive with a borrowed Stutz Bearcat. (Courtesy, Museum of History & Industry)

THEN: Before this the first shovel of the last of Denny Hill was ceremonially dropped to the conveyor belt at Battery Street, an “initial bite of 30,000 cubic yards of material” was carved from the cliff along the east side of 5th Avenue to make room for both the steam shovel and several moveable belts that extended like fingers across the hill. It was here that they met the elevated and fixed last leg of the conveyor system that ran west on Battery Street to the waterfront. (Courtesy, Seattle Municipal Archive)

2nd-and-Blanchard-THEN

THEN: Thanks again and again to Lawton Gowey for another contribution to this feature, this ca. 1917 look into a fresh Denny Regrade and nearly new “office-factory” at 1921 Fifth Avenue. (Courtesy, Lawton Gowey.)

THEN: The Seattle Central Business District in 1962. I found this panorama mixed in with the Kodachrome slides photographed by Lawton Gowey. It was most likely taken by my helpful friend Lawton, who died in 1983, or Robert Bradley, Lawton’s friend in the then active Seattle Camera Club. (Courtesy, Lawton Gowey)

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The SARAH B. YESLER HOME (for working girls), AKA the NEW WAYSIDE EMERGENCY HOSPITAL, AKA the CLINTON APARTMENTS, AKA the CLARION APARTMENT HOUSE, all of them at the northwest corner of Republican Street and Second Avenue North, and found in the shadows on the far right of the featured photo at the top, and also below.

First appeared in Pacific on Sept. 30, 2001.
First appeared in Pacific on Sept. 30, 2001.
In its last incarnation as the Clarion Apartments. This is another neighborhood photo taken by Lawton Gowey who lived up the hill for his entire life.
In its last incarnation as the Clarion Apartments. This is another neighborhood photo taken by Lawton Gowey who lived up the hill for his entire life.

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ANOTHER MCDONALD PAN – This from DENNY HILL to CAPITOL HILL with the Cascade Neighborhood in between.

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THE BAGLEY MANSION, Northeast Corner of Aloha and Second Ave. N.

Clarence Bagley published the now classic three-volume history of Seattle in 1916. He worked administering the city's public works department.
Clarence Bagley published the now classic three-volume history of Seattle in 1916. He worked administering the city’s public works department.
From The Seattle Times for December 27, 1925. [CLICK-CLICK to ENLARGE]
From The Seattle Times for December 27, 1925. [CLICK-CLICK to ENLARGE]
From the Times Dec. 7, 1933.
From the Times Dec. 7, 1933.
From the Times, Jan. 16, 1944.
From the Times, Jan. 16, 1944.

 

This McDonald pan was taken from within a low shouting distance of the Ward (Villiard) Street pan featured at the top. That pan just missed including a corner of the Bagley mansion at the northeast corner of Second Ave and Aloha Street, bottom-right. Mercer School is found just above and beyond it. Again the horizon is held by Capitol Hill. (Courtesy, Museum of History and Industry.)
This McDonald pan was taken from within a short shouting distance of the
Ward (Villiard) Street pan featured at the top. That pan just missed including a corner of the Bagley mansion at the northeast corner of Second Ave and Aloha Street, bottom-right. Here, Mercer School is found just above and beyond it. Again the horizon is held by Capitol Hill. (Courtesy, Museum of History and Industry.)

Now & Then here and now

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