All posts by Clay Eals

Seattle Now & Then: the Mukilteo ferry, 1932

(Click and click again to enlarge photos)

THEN1: This 1932 image, made into a postcard, looks north and slightly west, showing the private Mukilteo ferry dock, fronted by a baseball field. The state’s new Mukilteo Ferry Terminal, opened in December 2020, stands one-third mile to the east of the old landing. (J.A. Juleen, Northwest History Room, Everett Public Library)
THEN2: A close-in view, likely taken the same day, of the Mukilteo ferry. Vehicles are (left) a 1930-31 International and a 1929-30 Chevrolet. (J.A. Juleen, Northwest History Room, Everett Public Library)
NOW1: The state ferry Suquamish cruises northwest toward Clinton as it passed the old Mukilteo dock, now a street end next to Ivar’s. To reach the new terminal, cars must turn one-third mile east. (Colleen Chartier)
NOW2: With a Native longhouse design and fronted by interpretive signs and benches, the new Mukilteo terminal awaits vehicles boarding the Suquamish ferry. (Colleen Chartier)

Published in The Seattle Times online on Aug. 11, 2022
and in PacificNW Magazine of the printed Times on Aug. 14, 2022

Century of Mukilteo ferrying leads to new Native-themed terminal
By Clay Eals

Sooner or later, for functionality or fun, most of us living in Puget Sound get out on the water. So let’s time-travel to the era when motor vehicles first came into vogue.

You’re a saltwater town at the foot of a hill, near the mushrooming metropolis of Seattle, and also just four miles across the brine from a beckoning island paradise. What do you do? Launch a ferry.

THEN3: Shown in 1921, the privately operated Mukilteo ferry opened in 1916. Aboard is a 1917-1920 touring car. (Courtesy Mukilteo Historical Society)

Mukilteo did so in 1916, connecting with equally tiny Clinton on the southern tip of Whidby (no “e” at the time) Island. The ferry ran two times daily, twice that on weekends. The fare was $1 for car and driver, a quarter per additional passenger.

The Mukilteo-Clinton ferry cinched a scenic loop that had been fostered three years earlier with establishment of a north-island ferry at Deception Pass, whose classic bridge wouldn’t be built until 1934.

The outcome: a trip of “much beauty,” wrote Douglas Shelor, automotive editor, in the Sept. 20, 1916, Seattle Post-Intelligencer, “a diversion that every motorist looking for something a little different from the general run of two-day trips should not fail to take.”

THEN4: Circa 1918, cars line up for the Mukilteo ferry facing west along Front Street. The background smokestack was part of Crown Lumber, which closed in 1930. It could produce 200,000 board feet of lumber per day. The Crown site was used for ammunition transfer during World War II and as a “tank farm” (aviation fuel depot) during the Korean War. It now is home to the new Mukilteo ferry terminal. Cars shown are (from left) possibly a 1914 Cadillac, a 1916-17 Studebaker, a 1917-18 Ford Model T, unidentified, a 1917-18 Ford Model T and others. (Courtesy Mukilteo Historical Society)

Vessels were small, holding only a few vehicles at a time, but the P-I assured that “those who may feel timid in driving their machines on the ferry under [their] own power may roll the car on in perfect safety.”

Fast-forward through a century of growth: Puget Sound’s cluster of competitive ferry operations morphed into the Black Ball Line, which the state bought in 1951. Mukilteo’s dock was reconstructed in 1952 and modernized in 1980.

But usage also ballooned. During 2019, the most recent pre-COVID year, the 20-minute crossing carried 2,276,967 vehicles, the highest number of any route in the state system. To say Mukilteo suffered traffic tie-ups would be like saying Elvis sold a few records. Standstills became the norm.

NOW3: Beneath circular Native art at the new terminal, two men hustle up a stairway to board the Suquamish ferry at Mukilteo. (Colleen Chartier)

In response, the state built a much larger, seismically safe terminal one-third mile east. Partly in recognition of Mukilteo as the site of the landmark 1855 Point Elliott Treaty signing, the state fashioned the $187 million terminal as a Native American art-filled longhouse summoning the rich heritage of the Coast Salish People, specifically the Tulalip tribes. Since the terminal opened in December 2020, it has netted more than 25 awards.

The terminal’s designer, Seattle-based LMN Architects, will be showcased Aug. 20-26 at the Seattle Design Festival, SeaDesignFest.org. Given the terminal’s ties to the past, improved transit links, sustainable elements and the potent symbolism of travel, the festival’s 2022 theme of “Connection” is apt.

Just like our relationship with the water itself.

The Mukilteo lighthouse, west of the old ferry terminal, in 1932. At far right is a 1924-26 Chevrolet, and the car with a trailer is a 1928-29 Ford Model A. (J.A. Juleen, Northwest History Room, Everett Public Library)
NOW4: The new terminal showcases Native-themed artwork. (Colleen Chartier)
NOW5: One-third-mile east of the old Mukilteo dock, solar panels top the Native longhouse design of the new terminal. (Colleen Chartier)

WEB EXTRAS

Thanks to Peter Anderson, archivist for the Mukilteo Historical Society; Molly Michal of the Seattle Design Festival; Alicia Barnes of Puget Sound Maritime Historical Society; Diane Rhodes, Suanne Pelly and Ian Sterling of Washington State Ferries; Priscilla Strettell of the Northwest History Room of Everett Public Library; Bob Carney, automotive expert extraordinaire; and especially photographer Colleen Chartier for their help with this installment!

A good backgrounder on the Mukilteo ferry terminal is an article from the Dec. 30, 2020, edition of the Lynnwood Times.

Below are two documents and 24 historical clips from The Seattle Times and Seattle Post-Intelligencer online archive (available via Seattle Public Library) and Washington Digital Newspapers, that were helpful in the preparation of this column.

And in lieu of a 360 video, we top off this installment with a gallery of 43 additional present-day photos of the Mukilteo terminal by Colleen Chartier!

Letter from Mrs. Frank Hatten to the Mukilteo Historical Society, June 22, 1967. (Courtesy Mukilteo Historical Society)
Click the image to see a pdf of interpretive signboards for the new Mukilteo ferry terminal. (Washington State Ferries)
Feb. 23, 1904, Seattle Times, page 10.
Sept. 13, 1913, Seattle Times, page 10.
June 18, 1913, Seattle Post-Intelligencer, page 10.
May 9, 1916, Seattle Times, page 17.
Sept. 20, 1916, Seattle Post-Intelligencer, page 39.
Sept. 20, 1916, Seattle Post-Intelligencer, page 40.
July 4, 1919, Labor Journal.
July 8, 1919, Seattle Times, page 20.
June 4, 1920, Seattle Times, page 12.
Aug. 8, 1920, Seattle Post-Intelligencer, page 15.
Aug. 22, Seattle Post-Intelligencer, page 38.
May 16, 1922, Seattle Star.
May 16, 1922, Seattle Times, page 21.
May 20, 1922, Seattle Times, page 5.
Jan. 16, 1924, Seattle Times, page 23.
Feb. 10, 1926, Seattle Times, page 13.
June 6, 1926, Seattle Post-Intelligencer, page 70.
Dec. 3, 1926, Seattle Times, page 26.
May 21, 1927, Seattle Post-Intelligencer, page 10.
June 2, 1927, Anacortes American.
June 18, 1927, Seattle Post-Intelligencer, page 11.
June 26, 1927, Seattle Times, page 33.
May 14, 1928, Seattle Times, page 23.
Sept. 11, 1939, Seattle Times, page 17.
May 29, 1949, Seattle Post-Intelligencer, page 23.

 

 

Seattle Now & Then: Woman’s Relief Corps, 1908

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THEN: Twenty-two members of the Bothell post of the Woman’s Relief Corps (and two men) sit and stand outside the 1893 William Hannan home in Bothell in 1908. Standing, from left: Josephine Bothell Burns, Della Bothell Young, Etta Adams, Isabelle Woody, Kitty Burgess, Ida Anderson, May Bothell Platner, Alta Elliott Violet Hanschel, Mrs. (first name unavailable) Ellis, Neal Bothell Baley, Jemima “Mima” Hannan (wife of William) and Rachel Keener. Seated on chairs, from left: Amy Campbell, Maggie Dutton, Aunt Bessy (last name unavailable), Mrs. S.F. Woody Sr. and Grandma Annis (full name unavailable). Seated in front, from left: unknown, Marie Campbell, Bertha Dutton Ross and Hannah Staples. At rear left are homeowner William Hannan and, to his right, son Almon Hannan. (Courtesy Bothell Historical Museum)
NOW: Repeating the pose at the William Hannan home, now situated at Bothell Landing and housing the Bothell Historical Museum (BothellHistoricalMuseum.org), are 18 women, four girls and a man, including several descendants of historical city figures. Complete identifications follow. Standing, back left: Bill Carlyon, great-grandson of Bothell pioneers William and Jemima Hannon and grandson of Gladys Hannan Worley, their daughter, who was born and married in the parlor. Standing, from left: Pat Pierce, Jill Keeney, Jeanette Backstrom, Sue Kienast, Melanie Carlyon McCracken (daughter of Bill and Emmy Carlyon and great, great granddaughter of the Hannans), Pippin Sardo, Emmy Carlyon (wife of Bill Carlyon), Margaret Turcott, JoAnne Hunt, Linda Avery, Margaret Carroll, Mary Evans and Pamela McCrae. Seated, from left: Terry Roth, Iva Metz, Carol King, Nancy Velando and Mary Anne Gibbons. Children in front, from left: Wendy Stow (Linda Avery’s granddaughter) and Camille, Evelyn and Mira McCracken (great, great, great granddaughters of the Hannans). Camille and Evelyn flank a life-size doll. (Jean Sherrard)

Published in The Seattle Times online on July 28, 2022
and in PacificNW Magazine of the printed Times on July 31, 2022

Born of war, Woman’s Relief Corps fed nation’s ‘higher sphere’
By Clay Eals

One of my mentors — the late Elliott Couden, an open-housing advocate in the 1960s who 20 years later founded the Southwest Seattle Historical Society — once lamented that as a boy, he had to learn history by memorizing timelines keyed mostly to wars. “We didn’t get very much into what relation we as individuals have to this society,” he said.

NOW: Historian Richard Heisler at Bothell Pioneer Cemetery. For info on his Aug. 3 talk, click here. (Clay Eals)

He could have been reading the mind, and heart, of Richard Heisler. During the pandemic, the energetic equestrian artist and historian, 49, focused his research on the estimated 3,500 Civil War veterans and their families who migrated to King County near the turn of the 20th century. Heisler, of Bothell, has unearthed direct links between these vets and the rise of the town east of Lake Washington’s northern tip.

Nationally, starting in 1866, many of the war’s surviving Union soldiers formed the Grand Army of the Republic (GAR) fraternal organization. In 1883, their wives, along with daughters and other descendants and supporters, began gathering in posts of an auxiliary, the Woman’s Relief Corps (WRC).

THEN: An alternate view of the Woman’s Relief Corps gathering at the William Hannan house in 1908. (Courtesy Bothell Historical Museum)

The Bothell WRC post began in 1902, and 22 of its members (plus two discreetly positioned men) populate our “Then” photo from 1908. They pose outside the city’s 1893 William Hannan home, which stands today at Bothell Landing along the Sammamish River, a half-mile west of its original site. Pristinely restored, it houses the Bothell Historical Museum.

NOW: At Bothell Pioneer Cemetery, the two-sided monument for David and Mary Ann Bothell includes a Grand Army of the Republic (GAR) insignia for David and a Woman’s Relief Corps (WRC) insignia for Mary Ann. The FCL acronym on Mary Ann’s side indicates the GAR and WLC slogan: “Fraternity. Charity. Loyalty.” (Clay Eals)

Bothell, the city, derives from a family by the same name. Heisler pointedly notes that the only graphic symbols on a Bothell Pioneer Cemetery monument for founder David Bothell (1820-1905) and his wife Mary Ann (1823-1907), parents of George, the city’s first mayor, are of the GAR for David and WRC for Mary Ann.

Other local luminaries had ties to the war’s Union forces and their abolitionist, Lincoln Republican ways of thinking, Heisler says. “We think it was all so distant,” he says, “but many veterans and their families came west and walked the streets all over this county.”

WRC posts produced patriotic Memorial Day observances, installed flags and monuments and even supported women’s suffrage. At an 1885 Seattle gathering, the GAR’s J.C. Haines saluted their role: “We welcome you because you have demonstrated that woman has a higher sphere than any that man can ever lay claim to — a sphere as broad as human sorrow, as lasting as humanity itself.”

Today, the WRC has receded locally, but it lives on in Heisler’s talks, including one set for 6 p.m. Aug. 3, at the Bothell Library, for the Bothell museum. “This is not an abstract thing,” he says. “These are people.”

WEB EXTRAS

Thanks to Bill Woodward, Pat Pierce, Jill Keeney and especially Richard Heisler for their help with this installment!

To see Jean Sherrard‘s 360-degree video of the “Now” prospect and compare it with the “Then” photos, and to hear this column read aloud by Clay, check out our Seattle Now & Then 360 version of the column.

Below are two additional photos, two videos and 22 historical clips from The Seattle Times and Seattle Post-Intelligencer online archive (available via Seattle Public Library) and Washington Digital Newspapers, that were helpful in the preparation of this column.

THEN: Complete with a live Statue of Liberty, a 1908 Bothell Independence Day float salutes the Grand Army of the Republic (GAR). The FCL flag stands for: “Fraternity. Charity. Loyalty.” (Courtesy Bothell Historical Museum)
NOW: In this alternate view, posing before the William Hannan home (now headquarters of the Bothell Historical Museum) are, standing from left, Pamela McCrae, Jill Keeney, JoAnne Hunt, Margaret Carroll, Emmy Carlyon, Terry Roth, Margaret Turcott, Pat Pierce, Mary Evans and Bill Carlyon and, seated from left, Nancy Velando, Mary Anne Gibbons, Carol King, Camille McCracken, Melanie Carlyon McCracken, Mira McCracken, Iva Metz, Pippin Sardo and Evelyn McCracken. Historian Richard Heisler peeks over umbrella at left. (Jean Sherrard)
VIDEO (14:00): Click the image above to see historian Richard Heisler describe the Civil War connections to early leaders of Bothell, Washington, at Bothell Pioneer Cemetery. (Clay Eals)
VIDEO (2:12): Click the title card above to see three Bothell residents talk about the importance of their ties to the past. (Clay Eals)
March 27, 1884, Seattle Post-Intelligencer.
April 16, 1885, National Tribune, weekly for Civil War veterans and families.
Oct. 2, 1887, Seattle Star.
Sept. 18, 1888, Seattle Post-Intelligencer.
Aug. 27, 1896, Seattle Times, page 8.
July 27, 1898, Seattle Times, page 8.
Feb. 26, 1899, Seattle Times, page 6.
Feb. 28, 1899, Seattle Times, page 1.
May 30, 1899, Seattle Times, page 2.
June 24, 1899, Seattle Times, page 14.
March 10, 1900, Seattle Times, page 17.
Nov. 1, 1899, Seattle Times, page 4.
June 25, 1901, Seattle Post-Intelligencer, p12.
March 1, 1902, Seattle Star.
May 31, 1902, Seattle Post-Intelligencer, p10.
March 2, 1902, Seattle Times, page 39.
July 14, 1963, Seattle Post-Intelligencer, p13.
July 14, 1963, Seattle Post-Intelligencer, p10B.
Oct. 24, 1966, Seattle Post-Intelligencer, p19.
June 4, 1975, Seattle Times, page 35.
April 15, 1973, Seattle Times, page 101.
March 19, 1976, Seattle Post-Intelligencer, p41.
May 28, 1978, Seattle Times, page 14.

 

 

 

Seattle Now & Then: from Railroad Avenue to Alaskan Way, 1934

(Click and click again to enlarge photos)

NOW: As shown two blocks north of Lenora Street from today’s Bell Street overpass, the Eight Arcs — the Seattle Great Wheel, Lumen Field, T-Mobile Park and Mount Rainier — shine in the crisp magic light of a late afternoon in early January 2022. (Jean Sherrard)
THEN1: Taken from a Lenora Street overpass that was removed in 1983, this view looks south along the timber trestle of then-Railroad Avenue on June 22, 1934. The Smith Tower presides at distant center. (Seattle Municipal Archives)

Published in The Seattle Times online on July 21, 2022
and in PacificNW Magazine of the printed Times on July 24, 2022

‘Eight Arcs’ tableau signifies transformation on Alaskan Way
By Clay Eals

You can see it looking south along Alaskan Way, but only for a block and a half at street level starting at Pier 66 or atop the Bell Street overpass, and only on clear days. To me, it symbolizes a century of transformation for Seattle’s shore. It’s a tableau that I call the Eight Arcs.

In our “Now” photo, front to back, count ’em:

  • The Seattle Great Wheel (2012).
  • The twin roof ridges of Lumen Field (2002, originally Seahawks Stadium then Qwest Field).
  • The four roof ridges of T-Mobile Park (1999, originally Safeco Field).
  • The curved countenance of Mount Rainier (1 to 2 million years ago, originally Tahoma).

This pleasing juxtaposition serves both today’s saltwater tourists and the roadway’s recently arrived condominium dwellers. For them, it’s a place of play.

But little — besides the pointed Smith Tower (1914) in the distance — is the same when you zip back nearly 90 years to our “Then” scene, along what had long been named Railroad Avenue.

Taken on an overcast Friday, June 22, 1934, from the Lenora Street overpass (1930-1983), the photo reveals what we characterize as a working waterfront, with side-by-side wharves, rail tracks and a divided, wooden boulevard beneath which washed the tides of Elliott Bay.

With much of its former train traffic undergrounded in a nearby tunnel, and as cars used the timber trestle to bypass the upland business district, this byway spelled sporadic trouble. To wit, on Nov. 24, 1934, a car skidded on tracks near Lenora, plunged 15 feet through the center split and landed upside down in 3 feet of water. The stunned driver was unhurt.

Thankfully, progress on the route already was afoot. In this Depression decade, work had begun to pave the thoroughfare and close its gap, remove its above-ground electrical wiring and poles and, most important, construct a protective western seawall, finished in 1936.

Such enterprise inspired the city to give the water-hugging street a more relevant, elegant name. More than 9,000 ideas poured in, many invoking the expansive sobriquet of “Way.”

THEN2: Robert H. Harlin, who had served as Seattle mayor in 1931-32, inserted the “n” in Alaskan Way as the new name for Railroad Avenue while serving on the city council in July 1936. (W.H. Dahl, Seattle Municipal Archives)

With a decision nigh on July 6, 1936, the leading contender was Pacific Way. However, in a nod to the role Seattle’s waterfront played in the late-1890s Klondike Gold Rush, as well as to the 1909 Alaska-Yukon-Pacific Exposition (the city’s first world’s fair), Alaska Way slipped in as the finish-line favorite.

To honor “the men and women who pioneered the territory,” councilman and former mayor Robert Harlin appended the letter “n.”

The result, Alaskan Way, still provides a touch of humanity along the road to today’s Eight Arcs.

WEB EXTRAS

Thanks to Ron Edge, Bob Carney , Gavin MacDougall and Mike Bergman for their help with this installment!

Below are two additional alternate images from our NOW view and 41 clips from The Seattle Times and Seattle Post-Intelligencer online archive (available via Seattle Public Library) that were helpful in the preparation of this column. Among the clips are 20 exploring the fascinating process of renaming Railroad Avenue, plus 8 historical pieces by our column founder, Paul Dorpat!

Our NOW photo from a slightly different position. (Jean Sherrard)
Our NOW photo from a slightly different position. (Jean Sherrard)
May 4, 1930, Seattle Times, p18.
May 27, 1934, Seattle Times, p56.
July 8, 1934, Seattle Times, p35.
July 22, 1934, Seattle Times, p51.
Nov. 1, 1934, Seattle Times, p21.
Nov. 2, 1934, Seattle Post-Intelligencer, p15.
Nov. 2, 1934, Seattle Times, p11.
Nov. 25, 1934, Seattle Times, p11.
Dec. 21, 1934, Seattle Times, p11.
Dec. 30, 1934, Seattle Times, p19.
Dec. 30, 1934, Seattle Times, p21.
Jan. 13, 1935, Seattle Times, p8.
Feb. 2, 1935, Seattle Post-Intelligencer, p13.
Feb. 6, 1935, Seattle Times, p2.
Feb. 8, 1935, Seattle Times, p2.
Feb. 17, 1935, Seattle Times editorial, p6.
Feb. 19, 1935, Seattle Times, p1.
Feb. 20, 1935, Seattle Times, p1.
Feb. 24, 1935, Seattle Times, p8.
Feb. 25, 1935, Seattle Times, p2.
Feb. 25, 1935, Seattle Times, p7.
Feb. 26, 1935, Seattle Times, p11.
Feb. 27, 1935, Seattle Times, p23.
Feb. 28, 1935, Seattle Times, p14.
March 3, 1935, Seattle Times, p10.
March 8, 1935, Seattle Times, p35.
March 22, 1935, Seattle Times, p6.
March 24, 1935, Seattle Times, p12.
July 28, 1935, Seattle Times, p87.
July 7, 1936, Seattle Post-Intelligencer, p1.
July 7, 1936, Seattle Times, p1.
July 7, 1936, Seattle Times, p5.
Dec. 26, 2004, Seattle Times.

 

 

July 31, 2005, Seattle Times, p143.
July 2, 2006, Seattle Times.
Jan. 21, 2007, Seattle Times, p138.
Jan. 21, 2007, Seattle Times, p139.
Jan. 21, 2007, Seattle Times, p143.
Jan. 21, 2007, Seattle Times, p144.
Jan. 21, 2007, Seattle Times, p145.
Jan. 21, 2007, Seattle Times, p146.
Jan. 21, 2007, Seattle Times.
Oct. 21, 2007, Seattle Times.
April 13, 2008, Seattle Times.
June 29, 2008, Seattle Times.

Seattle Now & Then: Fall City parade, 1954

(Click and click again to enlarge photos)

THEN1: The horse-drawn Fall City Women’s Bowling League cart rolls past the Fall City Hotel and Café during the town’s 1954 Strawberry Festival parade. (Courtesy Fall City Historical Society)
THEN2: A procession of seven soap-box derby cars is towed on the same route in the 1956 parade. The Fall City Hotel and Café’s neon sign glows, with the initial letter in the bottom word alternating to drive home the message “GOOD” and “FOOD.” (Larry Divers, courtesy Fall City Historical Society)
NOW: In front of the same building, now the El Caporal Family Mexican Restaurant, the Mount Si High School Wildcats Dance Team entertains during this year’s Fall City Day parade on June 11. (Jean Sherrard)

Published in The Seattle Times online on July 14, 2022
and in PacificNW Magazine of the printed Times on July 17, 2022

A parade of community continuity thrives in tiny Fall City
By Clay Eals

Is anything so timeless and appealing as a parade? From musical to commercial, from patriotic to protesting (which in turn is patriotic), a parade engages countless participants and onlookers, encompassing every age, setting, group and cause. All you need is two feet — or wheels — and the willingness to move.

Parades happen so often that movie characters on the run momentarily evade capture by joining one. In 1984, I saw a local political candidate become so entranced by a parade’s effect that after one cruise along the route he circled back to the end of the line and motored through again.

There’s just something innate that draws us together in person, what I’ve learned to label the Original Social Media: Face to Face. Especially in a neighborhood or small town, a parade embodies this, weaving a powerful spell. Seemingly everyone sees everyone, breathes the same air and exchanges smiles and waves.

And this summer, after a two-year pandemic hiatus, parades are back all over the county. One of the earliest took place June 11 in Fall City, the unincorporated burg 25 miles east of Seattle. The route, on Redmond-Fall City Road paralleling the Snoqualmie River, has served the tiny town’s annual processions since the post-World War II early 1950s.

Greater gatherings surrounded the parades, of course. Initially, the event was called the Strawberry Festival before morphing into Fall City Derby Day, saluting a Cub Scouts soap-box race and showcasing Derby Darlings atop a float. (One year, in 1968, the parade gave way to a River Drift, in which a 35-gallon metal barrel was dropped into the Snoqualmie, and citizens guessed how long it would take for the barrel to float 3.2 miles to a finish line.)

NOW: Commemorative button given away at this year’s Fall City Day by the Fall City Historical Society. (Clay Eals)

A new name emerged in 1971: Fall City Days and Logging Show. This year’s post-virus rebound was simply Fall City Day, celebrating 150 years since establishment of the hamlet’s first post office. Accoutrements included the traditional dunk tank and watermelon-eating contest.

One sign of community continuity along the parade route is a building at 337th Place Southeast whose legacy stretches to the late 1880s, when it began life as a hotel and restaurant. Over the decades, its name, functions and roofline have changed, but it has stood as a parade touchpoint, next to the reviewing stand.

NOW: Ruth Pickering, Fall City Historical Society director, beams after serving as grand marshal of this year’s parade. (Clay Eals)

The Fall City Historical Society’s history books have tracked those incarnations faithfully, thanks in no small part to the group’s longtime director, the vigilant Ruth Pickering, this year’s parade grand marshal. “Rural towns are an important thing,” she maintains. “They’re kind of an endangered species.”

Unlike, thank goodness, their parades!

WEB EXTRAS

Thanks to Bob Carney, Emily and Bruce Howard and Ruth Pickering for their help with this installment!

To see Clay Eals‘ 360-degree video of the “Now” prospect and compare it with the “Then” photos, and to hear this column read aloud by Clay, check out our Seattle Now & Then 360 version of the column.

Below are four documents from the Fall City Historical Society, an offbeat historical blurb from The Seattle Times and Seattle Post-Intelligencer online archive (available via Seattle Public Library), and three sets of additional photos that augment this column.

Click the image above to read a report on the hotel/cafe corner depicted in our “Then” and “Now” photos. (Fall City Historical Society)
Click the image above to read a report on Fall City’s annual celebrations. (Fall City Historical Society)
Click the image above to read a 2007 report on Ruth Pickering. (Fall City Historical Society)
Click the image above to see the welcome brochure of the Fall City Historical Society. (Fall City Historical Society)
Need evidence of the staying power of parades? Read this oddball item from the June 15, 1882, Seattle Post-Intelligencer.

Parades R us!

In three groups, here are 93 additional photos (click twice on each one to enlarge it):

  • 15 photos from the Memorial Stadium endpoint of the 1965 Seafair Torchlight Parade, by Katherine Drazic, courtesy of Teresa Anderson.
  • 30 photos from the June 11, 2022, Fall City parade by Jean Sherrard. Click twice on each photo to enlarge it.
  • 48 from the 1956 Fall City parade by Larry Divers and courtesy of the Fall City Historical Society.

 

Seattle Now & Then: Masonic Home of Washington, 1928

To  sign a petition to save the Masonic Home, visit here.

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(Click and click again to enlarge photos)

THEN: The Grand Lodge of Washington & Alaska visits the Masonic Home in Zenith on June 17, 1928, one year after the home opened as a retirement center for Freemasons and their wives. (Courtesy Des Moines Historical Society)
NOW: More than 100 people support the Washington Trust for Historic Preservation (PreserveWA.org) in front of the fenced-off Masonic Home, including ex-Des Moines mayor Richard Kennedy (mid-left, with accordion) and 8 elected officials: Des Moines City Council member JC Harris (right of Kennedy, red hat), King County Executive Dow Constantine (left, black jacket), King County Council member Joe McDermott (behind Constantine, left), state Rep. Tina Orwall (D-33rd, behind Constantine, right), state Sen. Karen Keiser (D-33rd, standing center, blond hair, print shirt), Normandy Park Mayor Sue-Ann Hohimer (right of Orwall), Normandy Park City Council member Earnest Thompson (right of Harris), Highline School Board member Azeb Hagos (front, standing, second from left, print shirt) and SeaTac City Council member Peter Kwon (back row, left center, dark glasses). (Clay Eals)

Published in The Seattle Times online on June 30, 2022
and in PacificNW Magazine of the printed Times on July 3, 2022

Will Des Moines’ majestic Masonic Home be demolished?
By Clay Eals

Near the south King County waterfront suburb of Des Moines, 10-year-old Richard Kennedy tickled his accordion keys to perform the “Lone Ranger” TV theme (the “William Tell Overture” finale) in a 1964 recital on the stage of the Masonic Home of Washington.

He had no idea he would grow up to be mayor of Des Moines and later lead the Des Moines Historical Society’s effort to save the same structure inside which he’d played the clarion call.

NOW: Richard Kennedy, Des Moines Historical Society director, local history-book author and former mayor, points to the Masonic Home in its context of downtown Des Moines (left) and Puget Sound in an enlarged aerial photo of the city circa 1987. (Clay Eals)

What would Kennedy’s hometown be without the majestic, 95-year-old edifice, sparkling from its hillside for all to see from land and Puget Sound?

“Des Moines would slowly become just another place without anything to denote it from the next town,” he says. “We’ve lost so much. The history is gone, there’s very little left. The Masonic Home is the most outstanding building in the city.”

Technically, the Masonic Home — built in 1925-27 by the European-rooted Freemasons fraternal assembly as a statewide residence for elderly members and wives “who have ceased to bear the heat and burdens of the day” — was erected not in Des Moines but one mile south in the community of Zenith.

But in 1982, Des Moines annexed Zenith, and in a town known for massive retirement complexes, the Chateauesque, five-floor Masonic Home stands preeminent. As city-council member JC Harris told the Waterland Blog earlier this year, “The Masonic Home is Des Moines. We all just live here.”

Closed as a retirement center in the mid-2000s, it hosted events for several years. The Masons studied its conversion to assisted living, a tourist casino or communal workspaces but determined that rehabilitation, costing $40 million, would not pencil out. In 2019, they sought a city demolition permit and sold the home. The current owner is Sumner-based Zenith Properties, which has filed its own wrecking-ball permit request.

In response, Des Moines began an environmental review, inviting citizen comments this spring and triggering an advocacy alert by the Washington Trust for Historic Preservation. But the city, says Bonnie Wilkins, city clerk, has advised its council members to stay mum to achieve an appearance of fairness during the extended study because council comments could prompt a developer lawsuit. “It’s pretty serious stuff,” she says.

That doesn’t deter the passionate JC Harris, who promotes the Masonic Home’s preservation, envisioning it as a park, city hall and/or community center, complete with coffee or wine bar: “It’s one of the most beautiful things in all of Puget Sound, which makes it one of the most beautiful things on the planet Earth.”

The stage is set for a Lone Ranger-type rescue.

WEB EXTRAS

Thanks to Mike Shaughnessy, Richard Kennedy, Kevin Hall, Chris Moore and Huy Phan for their help with this installment. Additional kudos go to the more than 100 people who turned out in the hot sun of May 22 to pose in our “Now” photo.

To see Clay Eals‘ 360-degree video of the “Now” prospect and compare it with the “Then” photos, and to hear this column read aloud by Clay, check out our Seattle Now & Then 360 version of the column.

Below are a video of Des Moines City Council member JC Harris, six additional photos, a 1938 booklet, four reports and documents, six web links and two historical articles from The Seattle Times and Seattle Post-Intelligencer online archive (available via Seattle Public Library) that were helpful in the preparation of this column.

VIDEO (8:51): Click the image above to see and hear JC Harris, Des Moines City Council member, speak about why the Masonic Home of Washington should be preserved. (Clay Eals)
Groundbreaking ceremony for the Masonic Home of Washington, Aug. 8, 1925. (Courtesy Des Moines Historical Society)
Cornerstone ceremony, Masonic Home of Washington, May 1, 1926. (Courtesy Des Moines Historical Society)
Entrance to the Masonic Home of Washington, May 17, 2022. (Clay Eals)
Masonic Home of Washington from the air, May 26, 1996. (Courtesy Des Moines Historical Society)
Undated view of Masonic Home of Washington. (Courtesy Des Moines Historical Society)
Undated view of Masonic Home of Washington. (Courtesy Des Moines Historical Society)
Click the image above to download a pdf of a 24-page booklet from 1938 on the Masonic Home of Washington. (Courtesy Des Moines Historical Society)
Click image above to download a pdf of “The Three Masonic Homes of Washington State,” April 6, 2020, by architect Adam Alsobrook. (Washington Trust for Historic Preservation)
Click on image above to download a pdf of the Historic Resource Report, May 27, 2020, by David Peterson, historic resource consultant. (Washington Trust for Historic Preservation)
Click the image above to download a pdf of the city of Des Moines’ determination of significance for the Masonic Home of Washington, May 3, 2022. (City of Des Moines)
Click the image above to download a pdf of a letter of support for the demolition permit application by the grand master of the Grand Lodge, Free and Accepted Masons of Washington, Univeristy Place, May 16, 2022. (Zenith Properties)
PowerPoint slide from city of Des Moines online hearing, May 17, 2022.
PowerPoint slide from city of Des Moines online hearing, May 17, 2022.
PowerPoint slide from city of Des Moines online hearing, May 17, 2022.
PowerPoint slide from city of Des Moines online hearing, May 17, 2022.
PowerPoint slide from city of Des Moines online hearing, May 17, 2022.
PowerPoint slide from city of Des Moines online hearing, May 17, 2022.
Web links:
June 22, 1927, Seattle Post-Intelligencer, p2.
June 22, 1927, Seattle Times, p16.

Seattle Now & Then: Bleitz Funeral Home, circa 1930

(Click and click again to enlarge photos)

THEN: Framed by three cars, including a 1927 Pierce-Arrow (center) and 1927 Cadillac (right), Bleitz Funeral Home presides next to the Fremont Bridge and along the Lake Washington Ship Canal circa 1930. The building’s architect and builder are unknown. (Pierson Photo Co., Emmick Family Collection )
NOW: In this wider view of the landmarked Bleitz building are (from left) Michael, Desirée and Craig Emmick, their firm’s 1972 Cadillac Miller Meteor hearse; Georgi Phelps of building owner Pastakia & Associates; Craig Smith of general contractor Foushée; and Leanne Olson, Maureen Elenga and Michael Herschensohn of the Queen Anne Historical Society. Demolition of a non-landmarked 1988 addition made possible the new, four-story office building at left. More info: the Bleitz page on Facebook and the Queen Anne Historical Society. (Clay Eals)

Published in The Seattle Times online on June 16, 2022
and in PacificNW Magazine of the printed Times on June19, 2022

Bleitz’s consumer-first legacy enlivens 101-year-old funeral home
By Clay Eals

From death can spring life. Case in point: the feisty, long-lasting Bleitz Funeral Home.

The 101-year-old edifice represents a customer-focused tradition at a prominent corner, hovering over the Lake Washington Ship Canal at the south end of the Fremont Bridge.

Serving bereaved families until 2017, the same year it was designated a Seattle landmark, it has entered a new phase as a fully leased office building, anchored by The North Face apparel firm. The pandemic-era preservation triumph was stewarded by its current owner, Pastakia & Associates of Seattle, and general contractor, Bellevue-based Foushée.

THEN: Jacob Bleitz (left) confers with his son, James, who followed in his father’s funeral-director footsteps. The chair in which James is sitting is still in use at Emmick Family Funeral Services in West Seattle. (Pierson Photo Co., Emmick Family Collection)

The stately, 2-1/2-floor concrete structure arose just four years after the ship canal and bridge were completed. Illinois-born Jacob Bleitz (pronounced “Blites”) had worked as an undertaker in Wichita before establishing a funeral business in 1904 in Seattle’s Green Lake neighborhood. After short partnerships in Fremont with morticians Edgar Ray Butterworth and John Rafferty, he crossed the bridge and settled his sole-owner mortuary in 1921 along Queen Anne’s industrial northern edge.

THEN: A full-page ad for Bleitz-Rafferty Co. in the Feb. 18, 1915, Seattle Star newspaper blasts overcharging for funeral services. Kilbourne Street is now North 36th Street in Fremont. (Washington Digital Newspapers)

From the start, dealing with death transcended mere business for Bleitz. He promoted affordability and excoriated undertakers he called predatory. “The People of Seattle Have Been Outrageously Overcharged for Funerals and Materials,” roared a full-page notice in the Feb. 18, 1915, Seattle Star. His ads promised the “lowest” prices. One even warned of “graft” by competitors whom Bleitz said gave away hundreds of Christmas turkeys to induce referrals.

April 19, 1938, Seattle Post-Intelligencer, p18.

Long before it became popular, Bleitz also encouraged a cheaper alternative: cremation. In the late 1930s, he went further, patenting and using an ultra-hot-flame technique leaving no remains, called evaporation: “The New And Better Way … COSTS NO MORE … Gives a comfort never before known.” It didn’t catch on.

In the year Bleitz died, 1939, the family firm partnered with the new People’s Memorial Benefit Association, a cooperative that emphasized spiritual rather than material aspects of attending to the bereaved. Later, the Bleitz company became known in funeral circles for serving AIDS victims and the LGBTQ+ community when other mortuaries rejected them.

THEN3: Lawrence Bleitz (left), younger son of Jacob Bleitz, stands at the KJR radio microphone while an unknown organist performs at Bleitz Funeral Home circa 1930. The pipe organ was removed and donated in 2005 to Blessed Seelos Catholic Church in New Orleans as part of Hurricane Katrina recovery. (Pierson Photo Co., Emmick Family Collection)

Over the years, Bleitz Funeral Home handled more than 180,000 deaths, including the cremations of famed grunge rockers Andrew Wood in 1990 and Kurt Cobain in 1994. Today the building showcases “adaptive reuse,” meriting an award in May from the Queen Anne Historical Society.

Historian Michael Emmick embodies the Bleitz legacy via family connections. Working stints at Bleitz were Michael’s great-grandfather, Sam Frederiksen (1970s-80s); father, Craig Emmick (1975-2004); and wife, Desirée Emmick, (2015-17). Since 2014, the Emmicks have operated their own West Seattle funeral business, guided by the Bleitz approach — as Michael says, “not selling people something they don’t need.”

WEB EXTRAS

Thanks to Eric Jones, Tejal Pastakia, Bob Carney and the EmmicksCraig, Desirée and especially Michael — for their help with this installment.

To see Clay Eals‘ 360-degree video of the “Now” prospect and compare it with the “Then” photos, and to hear this column read aloud by Clay, check out our Seattle Now & Then 360 version of the column.

Below are interviews of the Emmick family on video, two 2017 Seattle Landmarks Preservation Board documents, 41 additional photos, and 34 historical articles and ads from Washington Digital Newspapers (available via the Office of the Secretary of State) and The Seattle Times and Seattle Post-Intelligencer online archive (available via Seattle Public Library) that were helpful in the preparation of this column.

VIDEO (8:00): Click the image to see video interviews about Bleitz Funeral Home with Michael, Craig and Desiree Emmick of Emmick Family Funeral Services of West Seattle. (Clay Eals)
Click image above to download the Seattle Landmarks Preservation Board minutes from April 19, 2017, regarding Bleitz Funeral Home.
Click image above to download the Seattle Landmarks Preservation Board designation report for Bleitz Funeral Home, April 24, 2017.
Drawing of Bleitz Funeral Home, 1921. (Emmick Family Collection)
Cars outside Bleitz Funeral Home. (Emmick Family Collection)
Casket letter, 1929. (Emmick Family Collection)
(From left) Jeanne, Lawrence and James Bleitz, children of Jacob Bleitz. (Emmick Family Collection)
Bleitz Funeral Home, 1937. (Puget Sound Regional Branch, Washington State Archives, Emmick Family Collection)
Bleitz Funeral Home, 1937. (Puget Sound Regional Branch, Washington State Archives, Emmick Family Collection)
1958 Cadillac and Chrysler outside Bleitz Funeral Home. (Emmick Family Collection)
Bleitz Funeral Home, Sept. 20, 1960. (Puget Sound Regional Branch, Washington State Archives, Emmick Family Collection)
Irene Clay Bleitz, Jacob Bleitz’s wife, outside Bleitz Funeral Home, 1944. (Emmick Family Collection)
Bleitz Funeral Home, 1981. (Emmick Family Collection)
Bleitz Funeral Home, 1981. (Emmick Family Collection)
Bleitz Funeral Home, 1981. (Emmick Family Collection)
Casket room, Bleitz Funeral Home, 1981. (Emmick Family Collection)
Staff atop entrance, Bleitz Funeral Home, 1981. (Emmick Family Collection)
Jacob Bleitz’s embalming certificate, June 1900. (Emmick Family Collection)
Jacob Bleitz’s cremation furnace patent, 1932. (Emmick Family Collection)
Jacob Bleitz and daughter-in-law Ebba Bleitz, August 1937. (Emmick Family Collection)
Larry Bleitz, son of Jacob, and Irene Bleitz, wife of Jacob, 1944. (Emmick Family Collection)
Möller organ, Bleitz Funeral Home, 1930s. (Emmick Family Collection)
Looking northwest: Bleitz Funeral Home at far left, Nickerson Street and Fremont Bridge. (Seattle Municipal Archives, Emmick Family Collection)
Bleitz home, 1900 Magnolia Blvd. W. (Emmick Family Collection)
Bleitz home, 1900 Magnolia Blvd W. (Emmick Family Collection)
Thank-you letter, April 8, 1927. (Emmick Family Collection)
1928 Reader’s Digest article, “Profiteering on Grief.” (Emmick Family Collection)
Mortuary Management article on showroom recommendations, February 1930. (Emmick Family Collection)
Financial accounting for Malan, 1936. (Emmick Family Collection)
Financial accounting for Nebenfuhr, 1936. (Emmick Family Collection)
Financial accounting for Repco, 1936. (Emmick Family Collection)
Bleitz blueprint. (Emmick Family Collection)
Bleitz blueprint. (Emmick Family Collection)
Bleitz blueprint. (Emmick Family Collection)
Bleitz Funeral Home casket and flowers. (Emmick Family Collection)
Bleitz Funeral Home contract. (Emmick Family Collection)
Bleitz Funeral Home staff, 1981, including Craig Emmick, wearing sunglasses, center. (Emmick Family Collection)
Bleitz Funeral Home crying room. (Emmick Family Collection)
Bleitz Funeral Home drawing. (Emmick Family Collection)
Bleitz Funeral Home meeting room. (Emmick Family Collection)
Bleitz Funeral Home podium and piano. (Emmick Family Collection)
Bleitz Funeral Home reception room. (Emmick Family Collection)
Bleitz Funeral Home chapel. (Emmick Family Collection)
Bleitz Funeral Home waiting room. (Emmick Family Collection)
Feb. 6, 1905, Seattle Times, p2.
Jan. 5, 1906, Seattle Times, p4.
Feb. 5, 1906, Seattle Times, p4.
April 28, 1907, Seattle Post-Intelligencer, p57.
Oct. 16, 1908, Catholic Progress, p5.
Feb. 9, 1915, Seattle Star, p9.
May 27, 1915, Seattle Star, p5.
June 3, 1915, Seattle Star, p5.
June 10, 1915, Seattle Star, p3.
Sept. 30, 1915, Seattle Star, p4.
Nov. 14, 1916, Seattle Star, p4.
Nov. 30, 1916, Seattle Star, p4.
Dec. 21, 1916, Seattle Star, p4.
June 21, 1917, Seattle Star, p4.
Nov. 1, 1917, Seattle Star, p8.
Sept. 12, 1919, Seattle Star, p25.
May 21, 1920, Seattle Star, p11.
May 18, 1922, Seattle Times, p27.
March 27, 1923, Seattle Star.
April 30, 1923, Seattle Star.
May 20, 1923, Seattle Post-Intelligencer, p84.
Nov. 5, 1924, Seattle Star.
Feb. 24, 1934, Seattle Times, p19.
Feb. 26, 1938, Seattle Post-Intelligencer, p20.
April 24, 1938, Seattle Post-Intelligencer, p55.
May 31, 1938, Seattle Post-Intelligencer, p8.
May 14, 1938, Seattle Post-Intelligencer, p14.
July 11, 1938, Seattle Post-Intelligencer, p15.
Aug. 4, 1938, Seattle Times, p25.
December 1939, Jacob Bleitz funeral notice. (Emmick Family Collection)
Dec. 12, 1947, Catholic Progress.
1964, Seattle Times. (Emmick Family Collection)
May 25, 1968, Lawrence Bleitz obituary. (Emmick Family Collection)
November 1983, Jim Bleitz obituary. (Emmick Family Collection)

Seattle Now & Then: Bush House Inn, circa 1900

(Click and click again to enlarge photos)

THEN: Shown at the turn of the 20th century, the Bush House in recently logged Index fed and housed local miners and workers who built the Great Northern Railway. The inn was constructed by Clarence W. Bush. (Courtesy Museum of History & Industry)
NOW: Owners of the Bush House Inn — Blair and Kathy Corson (back, third and fourth from left) and (next to them) Dan Kerlee (green shirt) and wife Carol Wollenberg (pink sweater) — join Index volunteers and the visiting Millers of West Seattle’s Husky Deli in late April in front of the hotel. Third from right in the front row, matriarch Marie Miller was celebrating her 93rd birthday. For IDs of most everyone in this photo and similar ones, see key below. (Clay Eals)

Published in The Seattle Times online on June 2, 2022
and in PacificNW Magazine of the printed Times on June 5, 2022

Index’s only inn perseveres amid historic charm and challenge
By Clay Eals

For more than 100 years, as a gravel road or streamlined pavement, the Stevens Pass Highway has beckoned as a cross-Cascades catalyst to intimate scenic bliss.

As we motor through a succession of tiny towns on the west side of the mountains, a rich palette of trees, bridges and railroad tracks along the Skykomish River feels so fresh, green and close, it’s as if we can reach out and touch the wide, deep swaths of crisp, wooded splendor.

The former timber and mining burg of Index, roughly 60 miles northeast of Seattle, once welcomed such pass-through traffic along its few unpretentious blocks via a 10-mile winding road from Gold Bar.

But the early 1930s brought modernization. The state constructed a shorter stretch of the highway that bypassed Index, leaving the hamlet one mile northeast of the new artery. It was, The Seattle Times stated on Sept. 13, 1931, part of “the steady movement to minimize the blockade of the Cascade range against the vast hinterland that feeds Seattle and Tacoma with produce for export and manufacturing.”

School buses head east on the Stevens Pass Highway, next to a sign previewing the turn-off to Index and the Bush House Inn. (Clay Eals)

Accessible via a turn-off road and ringed by four “Washington Alps” from to 5,464 to 6,244 feet in height, Index has persevered through the decades as a mini-paradise. Remoteness has both bolstered the town’s charm and embodied its challenge.

Enter the Bush House Inn. Built in 1898 (some say earlier), the three-floor structure competed with four other hotels for hungry lodgers when the Index population topped 500. Now it’s the only hotel in the riverside town of 150.

It presides on Index Avenue, nestled against a sheer, 1,270-foot climbing wall and a stone’s throw from Great Northern rail tracks whose freight trains and Amtrak cars regularly roll through town.

The inn suffered from disrepair and closure early this century. But after a decade of energy and financing marshaled by a pair of couples — Blair and Kathy Corson, proprietors of an Index recreational firm, and Dan Kerlee and Carol Wollenberg of Seattle’s Magnolia neighborhood — the extensively restored and remodeled 10-room hotel reopened last fall.

This effort merited a salute at last month’s gala of the Washington Trust for Historic Preservation, which in 2009 placed the inn on its list of Most Endangered Places.

The building holds promise as not only a travelers’ getaway but also a center for weddings, events and, with a new, expansive stage, concerts and dramatic productions. To echo its original incarnation, the owners are even searching for an on-site restaurateur.

Invisible from the highway, however, the Bush House Inn begs a “Field of Dreams”-like riddle: If you rebuild it, will they come?

WEB EXTRAS

Thanks to Blair & Kathy Corson, Dan Kerlee & Carol Wollenberg, Louise Lindgren of the Index-Pickett Historical Museum, Jack & Heidi Miller of Husky Deli, Huy Pham of Washington Trust for Historic Preservation and Bob Carney for their help with this installment.

To see Clay Eals‘ 360-degree video of the “Now” prospect and compare it with the “Then” photos, and to hear this column read aloud by Clay, check out our Seattle Now & Then 360 version of the column.

Below are 7 additional photos, 2 video interviews of the couples who co-own the Bush House Inn and 38 historical articles and ads from The Seattle Times and Seattle Post-Intelligencer online archive (available via Seattle Public Library) that were helpful in the preparation of this column.

Also, check out links to stories on the Bush House Inn  from the Daily Herald of Everett on Dec. 27, 2021, and July 3, 2017.

THEN: Framed by a pair of 1923-25 Ford Model Ts, the expanded Bush House stands in 1925 along a dirt road that is today’s Index Avenue. The town got its name because a nearby peak resembled an index finger. (Courtesy Runyon Collection, Index Museum)
NOW: Owners of the Bush House Inn — Blair and Kathy Corson (back, second and third from left) and (next to them) Dan Kerlee (green shirt) and wife Carol Wollenberg (pink sweater) — join Index volunteers and the visiting Millers of West Seattle’s Husky Deli in late April in front of the hotel. Third from right in the front row, matriarch Marie Miller was celebrating her 93rd birthday. For IDs of most everyone in this photo and similar ones, see key below. (Clay Eals)
Above is a key to the names of most everyone in the group photo above. Use this key to identify people in the other similar NOW photos. (Clay Eals)
THEN: Elevated for repairs, the Bush House appears to be shored up by Index volunteers in 2012. (Kathy and Blair Corson)
NOW: Owners of the Bush House Inn — Blair and Kathy Corson (fourth and sixth from left) and (next to them) Carol Wollenberg (pink sweater) and husband Dan Kerlee (green shirt) — join Index volunteers and the visiting Millers of West Seattle’s Husky Deli in late April in front of the hotel. Tenth from right in the front row, matriarch Marie Miller was celebrating her 93rd birthday. For IDs of most everyone in this photo and similar ones, see key above. (Clay Eals)
THEN: A Great Northern train passes by the Bush House in its early days. (Courtesy Dan Kerlee)
NOW: A similar view of the Great Northern train passing by today. (Clay Eals)

 

VIDEO (3:08): Click the image to hear Blair and Kathy Corson, co-owners with Dan Kerlee and Carol Wollenberg of the Bush House Inn, describe their involvement in the hotel and its town of Index, Washington. (Clay Eals)
VIDEO (3:51): Click the image to see Carol Wollenberg & Dan Kerlee, co-owners with Blair & Kathy Corson of the Bush House Inn, describe their involvement in the hotel and its town of Index, Washington. (Clay Eals)
July 2, 1902, Seattle Times, p8.
Feb. 2, 1913, Seattle Post-Intelligencer, p56.
May 7, 1916, Seattle Post-Intelligencer, p65.
Aug. 9, 1919, Seattle Times, p15.
May 27, 1920, Seattle Times, p12.
April 23, 1927, Seattle Post-Intelligencer, p10.
May 14, 1927, Seattle Post-Intelligencer, p9.
May 12, 1928, Seattle Post-Intelligencer, p11.
Sept. 4, 1931, Seattle Times, p13.
Sept. 11, 1931, Seattle Times, p15.
Oct. 22, 1931, Seattle Times, p9.
Sept. 13, 1931, Seattle Times, p47.
Feb. 27, 1932, Seattle Times, p3.
Feb. 28, 1932, Seattle Times, p13.
March 20, 1932, Seattle Times, p44.
May 20, 1933, Seattle Times, p1.
Sept. 27, 1978, Seattle Times, p83.