Seattle Now & Then: ‘Friends of the Market’ Protest at City Hall

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THEN: Friends of the Market president, architect Victor Steinbrueck, leads a cadre of Friends marching for Market preservation in front of the Seattle City Hall most likely on March 18, 1971.  (Photo by Tom Brownell from the Post-Intelligencer collection at MOHAI)
THEN: Friends of the Market president, architect Victor Steinbrueck, leads a cadre of Friends marching for Market preservation in front of the Seattle City Hall most likely on March 18, 1971. (Photo by Tom Brownell from the Post-Intelligencer collection at MOHAI)
NOW: A new city hall was completed in 2003.  Since most of the municipal departments were housed nearby in the 66-floor Seattle Municipal Tower, the new and smaller City Hall serves primarily the mayor, city council, and the city’s law department.
NOW: A new city hall was completed in 2003. Since most of the municipal departments were housed nearby in the 66-floor Seattle Municipal Tower, the new and smaller City Hall serves primarily the mayor, city council, and the city’s law department.

Friends of the Market president and UW architect Victor Steinbrueck, holding the placard  asking, “Is Phyllis Lamphere a Friend of the Market?”, marches ahead of his conserving coterie past the front door of City Hall. This protest, one of several City Hall pickets staged by the Friends in February and March of 1971, was most likely performed on Thursday, March 18. Other signs keep to the message: “Urban Renewal Unfair to Pike Place Market” and “City Hall + Investment Syndicate = Urban Removal.” Fittingly, whether intended or not, the style of the signs’ calligraphy resembles the brushwork listing the prices of produce on the cards still regularly seen in the Market’s stalls .

An earlier photo of Friends marching in front of the Seattle Municipal Building - A Seattle Times clipping from Feb. 5, 1971.
An earlier photo of Friends marching in front of the Seattle Municipal Building – a Seattle Times clipping from Feb. 5, 1971.

On the first Saturday following this parade, its prime target, councilperson Phyllis Lamphere, protested in The Times that she was indeed “a friend of the (Pike Place) market” and then went on to suggest that, as The Times reporter put it, her “Renewal opponents may themselves be the real enemies of the public market, because without rehabilitation, ‘the market will be unable to meet conditions of Seattle’s (building) code.’”  Other signs carried in front of City Hall those contesting days of 1971 advised, “Don’t subsidize luxury apartments,” “Removal is not Renewal,” and “The Pike Place Market is Seattle’s History.”

The Seattle Municipal Building looking east on Cherry Street from above 3rd Avenue.  It was constructed from 1959 to 1961 from plans created by a Dallas-based firm named McCammon Associates.  As at least the story goes it was a variation on the firm's earlier designs for a hotel.  For someone who can imagine the pun, the Dalles firm also worked on the plans in association with Damm, Daum and Associates.
The Seattle Municipal Building looking east on Cherry Street from above 3rd Avenue. It was constructed from 1959 to 1961 using plans created by a Dallas-based firm named McCammon Associates. As at least the story goes, it was a variation on the firm’s earlier designs for a hotel. For someone who can hear the pun, the Dalles firm also worked on the plans in association with Damm, Daum and Associates.   The building replacement by the new City Hall showing in detail with Jean’s “now” photos was, for many, an admired development
A circa 1960 aerial of the Municipal Building Construction with its parking lot to the rear.
A circa 1960 aerial of the Municipal Building Construction with its parking lot to the rear.
A fountain that runs beside the stairway off 4th Avenue into the new city hall.
A fountain that runs beside the stairway off 4th Avenue into the new city hall.

Post-Intelligencer photographer Tom Brownell took the protest photo at the top.  We chose it because it also shows the Fourth Avenue façade of the City Hall (1961) that was by then widely understood to be modeled on the cheap after a Texas hotel.  Among the prudent fears of the Friends was that the then expected millions from federal sources for urban renewal would be used to replace the funky charms of the Pike Place Market with modern hotel-motel reminders like City Hall.  The federal funding was announced on May 15th, and the next day the Friends announced their plans to gather citizen signatures for a proposal to designate most the Market for preservation.  Fifteen-thousand legal signatures were needed to get it on the November ballot.  The disciplined campaigners gathered more than 25,000 in three weeks.  The November 1971 election was won just as readily, with a landslide 76,369 yesses over 53,264 nos.

Seattle Times clipping from November 15, 1964
Seattle Times clipping from November 15, 1964  CLICK TO ENLARGE

When the Friends of the Market was first formed in 1964, it was an arts movement intent on saving the Pike Place Public Market from “sterile progress.”  Mark Tobey, one of Seattle’s best-known artists, was a member.  Proceeds from his then new book, The World of the Market, benefited the Friends.  When the picketing began in the winter of 1971, Tobey was quoted in The Times: “I hope (the market) will only be restored, and not improved through progressive planners.”

Looking up the steps of City Hall
Looking up the steps of City Hall
The City Hall tower from 4th Avenue
The City Hall tower from 4th Avenue
The view NW from the plaza below City Hall
The view NW from the plaza below City Hall
A view from Smith Tower
A view from Smith Tower

WEB EXTRAS

Anything to add, lads?   Yes Jean a few links arranged by Ron and an excuse.   This “Saturday-before” has been filled with other events and entertainments and so we (I) did not pull up more neighborhood links to past features that have not here-to-fore appeared in the blog.  But Jean this excuse is righteous, for, as you know, the afternoon we spent in the SeaTac city hall delivering a lecture on the history of Highline and more was often enough delightful.   Before passing on to Ron’s links, here is an feature that first appeared in The Times on March 6, 1983, about fourteen months after these weekly  now-and-thens first appeared in Pacific.

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THE FIRST BAPTIST FACING THE FATEFUL FOURTH AVE. REGRADE

Looking thru the upheaval of regrades on both Fourth Avenue and James Street
Looking thru the upheaval of regrades on both Fourth Avenue and James Street

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Lawton Gowey's look up Fourth and over James Street on May 19, 1982, with City Hall on the right.
Lawton Gowey’s look up Fourth and over James Street on May 19, 1982, with City Hall on the right.

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CITY HALL CIRCA 1886

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THEN: The clerk in the city's old Engineering Vault attends to its records. Now one of many thousands of images in the Seattle Municipal Archives, this negative is dated Jan. 30, 1936. (Check out www.cityofseattle.net/cityarchives/ to see more.)

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THEN: A winter of 1918 inspection of some captured scales on Terrace Street.  The view looks east from near 4th Avenue.  (Courtesy City Municipal Archives)

 

 

 

 

 

Seattle Now & Then: A Home on ‘The Ave’

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THEN: First designated Columbus Street in the 1890 platting of the Brooklyn Addition, and next as 14th Avenue to conform with the Seattle grid, ‘The Ave,’ still its most popular moniker, was renamed University Way by contest in 1919. This trim bungalow at 3711 University Way sat a few lots north of Lake Union’s Portage Bay.  (Courtesy, Washington State Archives, Puget Sound Regional Archive)
THEN: First designated Columbus Street in the 1890 platting of the Brooklyn Addition, and next as 14th Avenue to conform with the Seattle grid, ‘The Ave,’ still its most popular moniker, was renamed University Way by contest in 1919. This trim bungalow at 3711 University Way sat a few lots north of Lake Union’s Portage Bay. (Courtesy, Washington State Archives, Puget Sound Regional Archive)
NOW: Both University Way and 15th Ave. E. were redirected for the UW’s expanding Health Sciences and Fisheries Departments.  Here Jean Sherrard stands with his back to the 265,000 square William H. Foege Building, the new home of the UW’s Department of Genome Sciences.
NOW: Both University Way and 15th Ave. E. were redirected for the UW’s expanding Health Sciences and Fisheries Departments. Here Jean Sherrard stands with his back to the 265,000 square William H. Foege Building, the new home of the UW’s Department of Genome Sciences.

If, for a moment, one squints the eyes and suspends disbelief, this little home on ‘The Ave’ may seem palatial, with guarding turrets, left and right, and a sunlit dome at the rear.  Alas, as well arranged as they are for illusions, those accouterments belong to mills near the north shore of Portage Bay, which most likely are closed down. This is a scene from 1937, set in the unwanted languor of the Great Depression.

Page one (of two)  of the W.P.A. tax card summarizing the qualities of 3711 University Way in 1937.  (Courtesy, Washington State Archives)
Page one (of two) of the W.P.A. tax card summarizing the qualities of 3711 University Way in 1937. (Courtesy, Washington State Archives  CLICK TO ENLARGE)
Remembering first that University Way is still named 14th Avenue in 1912, and remembering also that the W.P.A. tax card information is sometimes mistaken about any structure's construction date, then it seems that the footprint printed here on Block 35 Lot 25 & 26 of the Brooklyn Addition may be our featured home at 3711 14th Avenue, and in 1912, still three years before the date of origin given to it by the tax card.  It has the rough shape of the house itself, and on tax cards rough is all one needs.
Remembering first that University Way is still named 14th Avenue in 1912, and remembering also that the W.P.A. tax card information is sometimes mistaken about any structure’s construction date, then it seems that the footprint printed here on Block 35 Lot 25 & 26 of the Brooklyn Addition may be our featured home at 3711 14th Avenue, and in 1912, still three years before the date of origin given to it by the tax card. This  foot print (a half dozen narrow lots north of North Lake Ave.) has the rough shape of the house itself, and on tax cards rough is all one needs to make bold claims.

The subject is pulled from the Works Progress Administration’s photographic survey of every taxable structure in King County. With help only from these property record cards, city directories, and The Seattle Times archives, we can deduce that Clara and Ferdinand Krummel lived here in 1937 with their teenager Paul, and perhaps one or both of their daughters.  Paul was among the 586 seniors graduating from Roosevelt High School in 1938, and the ceremony was nearby in the UW’s Hec Edmundson Pavilion.  Four years more and the enlisted Paul would be completing a course in aviation mechanics in Texas.  In the spring of 1944, the intentions of the eighteen-year-old Gertrude A Nerdig to marry the soldier were published by The Times.

This somewhat soft panorama of the University District was photographed in 1915-16 when the bungalow at 3722 University Way (then still named 14th Ave. NE) was either being constructed or the first resident were moving in.
This somewhat soft panorama of the University District was photographed in 1915-16 when the bungalow at 3711 University Way (then still named 14th Ave. NE) was either being constructed or the first residents were moving in.   The photographer’s prospect above Portage Bay puts her or him in line with the backyard of the home, which is at least part hidden in the trees that stand about one-fourth of the way into the subject from its left border.  To help out, 15th Ave., the western border of the campus climbs from the bay eventually along the left side of the  campus grove, which have been considerably pruned since then.  Fifteenth seems to be heaving for that single tall tree on the horizon.   The “Ave.” or 14th Avenue then, is one block to the west (left) of 15th Avenue.  On the far right the ditch that will be the Montlake Cut is being prepared behind the coffer dam, which was opened or severed in October of 1916 to allow the waters of Lake Union to fill the cut before Lake Washington was lowered through a dam at the east end of the cut to the level of Lake Union.  CLICK TWICE to ENLARGE.

Two years later, in 1946, The Times printed a short obituary for Ferdinand, the then 76-year-old father, describing him as a German immigrant and a retired baker.  In the 1930 Polk City Directory the Krummels were living in Ballard and proprietors of the American Girl Bakery at 5431 Ballard Avenue.  Most likely the Krummel’s closing of their bakery and move to this modest home in the University District had something to do with both the Great Depression and their age.

An earlier view of "town and gown" - the University District and the University - from 1909 showing off part of the campus remade for the Alaska Yukon and Pacific Exposition.  Continuing our brief custom of showing distant looks at our featured home hidden in the trees, in this 1909 look we might have found it behind the first tree rising here from the center,
An earlier view of “town and gown” – the University District and the University – from 1909 showing off part of the campus remade for the Alaska Yukon and Pacific Exposition. Continuing our brief custom of showing distant looks at our featured home hidden in the trees, in this 1909 look we might have found it behind the first tree rising here from the center, or hidden, in part, behind the smoke of the lumber mill’s burner,  the same mill (but open) that features in the WPA subject as a faux sun room attached, it seems, to the rear of 3711 The Ave.
This keyed map (but not the keys of a computer) speculates on when the empty lots and worn residences in the University District would be developed with what it does not indicated.  But note that the purple blocks, which include our home site, are expected to go first and be "renewed" in ten years of the map's drawing, which was about 1963.  The map came to me through Cal, the one-time "Mayor of the University District."
This keyed map (but not by the keys of a computer) speculates on when the empty lots and worn residences (“properties obsolete or blighted”) in the University District would be developed, but with what is not indicated. Note that the purple blocks, which include our home site in the “lower district,” are expected to be “renewed” in ten years of the map’s decidedly circa 1963 drawing. The map came to me through Calmar McCune, the one-time “Mayor of the University District.”    And now in a half-century later many of the black blocks are getting their working-over too.

The WPA card describes this bungalow as built on a footprint of 875 square feet and divided into five rooms.  The card has University Way made of bricks, and the neighborhood’s “use” as “residential-industrial,” as this photo’s melding of mill and domicile is a clear witness.  Like almost everywhere then, the neighborhood’s “status” is listed as “static.”  This stasis was disrupted in the 1960s when the UW began buying up much of the “lower district.”

Five blocks up the Ave, from our featured home, and two years later on September 29, 1939, there are a few bricks to be seen here south of 42nd Avenue, those protecting the trolley rails.  The intended subject is - again - the Foster and Keiser billboard on the left.
Five blocks up the Ave, from our featured home, and two years later on September 29, 1939, there are a few bricks to be seen here south of 42nd Avenue, those protecting the trolley rails. The intended subject is – again – the Foster and Keiser billboard on the left.

The tidy accommodations of the home at the top were built in 1915 (or so claims the tax card), but demolished in 1962 or 1963, and so did not reach their golden anniversary.  Paul Krummel, however, kept on until March 3, 2014. In his obituary in The Times, one of his grandchildren describes him as “a loving husband who was often seen holding his wife’s hand.”  Another adds that he “loved to dance and had a great sense of humor.”

THE KRUMMEL’S NEIGHBORS IN THE 3700 BLOCK IN 1937

Next door at 3709 University Way.  Note the "sun room" on the right.
Next door at 3709 University Way. Note the “sun room” on the right.
3737 University Way
3737 University Way
3764 University Way
3764 University Way
Reaching the corner and 3772 University Way in 1937.  (Courtesy of Washington State Archive, Bellevue Puget Sound Branch - like the rest.)
Reaching the corner and 3772 University Way in 1937. (Courtesy of Washington State Archive, Bellevue Puget Sound Branch – like the rest.)
3731 University way in 1937, and below also 3721 but in 1955 after eighteen years of wear.
3731 University way in 1937, and below also 3721 but in 1955 after eighteen years of wear.
3731 University Way, May 31, 1955
3731 University Way, May 31, 1955

WEB EXTRAS

I have to comment, Paul, it’s rare to capture you in one of these photos, but there you are in this week’s ‘Now’ whistling your happy tune! Anything to add?  Yes Jean, beginning with a question in return.  Can you name the tune?   Otherwise, as is our way, Ron Edge starts our response with several CLICKABLE links to other features from the past that treat on “The Ave,” and all of them have subjects within them that elaborate on your and my long-lived interest in, to repeat, both “Town and Gown” north of Portage Bay (and extending south of the bay to include the now razed Red Robin Tavern.)  At the bottom, if time allows before our climb to  “Night-Bears” (The copyright is guarded with pillows.) we will include more on The Ave.

THEN: For the four-plus months of the 1909 Alaska-Yukon-Pacific Exposition, the center of commerce and pedestrian energy on University Way moved two blocks south from University Station on Northeast 42nd Street to here, Northeast 40th Street, at left.

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VARSITY INN

The Varsity Inn and trolley platform at the northeast corner of University Way and 42nd Avenue.
The Varsity Inn and trolley platform at the northeast corner of University Way and 42nd Avenue.
First appeared in Pacific, July 30, 1995.
First appeared in Pacific, July 30, 1995.

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Circa 1994
Circa 1994
From one of those street fairs - probably in the 1980s.  I'll know but later.  As one of my last rites I am now organizing my 55 years of collecting: my archive.  Peace to me and my dust.
From one of those street fairs – probably in the 1980s. I’ll know later. As one of my last rites I am now organizing my 55 years of collecting: my archive. Peace to me and my dust.   Good night Jean – ah but you are long gone to bed.  Good night Berangere – ah but you are long up for a Sunday morning in Paris. 

The day of Fraternity

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How stunning, what an emotion after this week of carnage, of hostage taking and murders perpetrated by three terrorists, and what a relief when the nightmare was over.

It was this Sunday, January 11th, the gathering of peace , compassion for all victims , for freedom of expression so dear to our republican culture, and humor …

Forty heads of State came to march with President Hollande, all French came to join the march, so many that we never were able to join the cortege of Republic to Nation. It was also impossible to count the huge crowd , at least a million and a half , the biggest march since the Liberation.

Le Jour de la Fraternité

Quelle sidération, quelle émotion après cette semaine de carnage, de prise d’otages et d’assassinats perpétrée par trois terroristes, et quel soulagement quand le cauchemar s’est terminé.

 C’était ce dimanche 11 janvier, le rassemblement en faveur de la paix, de la compassion pour toutes les victimes, de la liberté d’expression si chère à notre culture républicaine et de l’humour … Une quarantaine de chefs d’État s’étaient déplacés pour défiler avec le Président Hollande, tous les Français arrivaient de toutes parts, si bien que l’on n’est jamais parvenu à rejoindre le cortège de République à Nation. Impossible aussi de compter la foule immense, au moins un million et demi, c’est à dire le plus grand défilé depuis la Libération.

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Seattle Now & Then: The Terry House at 3rd & James

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THEN: When it was built in 1864 Charles and Mary Terry’s home was considered the finest in Seattle.  (Courtesy Museum of History and Industry)
THEN: When it was built in 1864 Charles and Mary Terry’s home was considered the finest in Seattle. (Courtesy Museum of History and Industry)
NOW: The ornate home was razed early in the twentieth century, first for more business-friendly structures, and then in the early 1950s for the city’s Public Safety Building. This too was razed, and the “Civic Square” proposed to replace it abides now as a construction pit fenced behind fanciful walls at the sidewalk. The site waits upon financing for development as a “public-private” space.
NOW: The ornate home was razed early in the twentieth century, first for more business-friendly structures, and then in the early 1950s for the city’s Public Safety Building. This too was razed, and the “Civic Square” proposed to replace it abides now as a construction pit fenced behind fanciful walls at the sidewalk. The site waits upon financing for development as a “public-private” space.

Most likely the first “now and then” treatment this charming pioneer home received was in these pages seventy years ago on Sunday, November 10, 1944.  The author, Margaret Pitcairn Strachan, chose the Charles and Mary Terry home as the fifteenth weekly subject of her yearlong series on “Early Day Mansions.”  Strachan’s fifty-two well-packed and illustrated essays must be counted as one our richest resources for understanding Seattle’s history.  In 1944 many of the mansions built by the community’s nabobs were still standing, and sometimes the original families were still living in them and willing to talk with the reporter.   (We will attach the Strachan feature below.  Click TWICE to enlarge for reading.)

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In the Strachan feature the Terry home faced Third Avenue near its northeast corner with James Street.  We can learn something about the family’s history – especially about Charles – from the journalist’s reveries that came upon her as she stepped into the “now” after opening the door to a café near the northeast corner of Third Avenue and James Street.  She writes, “The Columbian Café is probably the place which is on the exact spot where the house stood.  Sitting at the maroon-colored counter, facing the huge mirror which runs the length of the room and reflects the booths in the background, I listened to the clatter coming from the kitchen and watched the waitresses in their spotless white dresses, as they hurried back and forth over the red tile floor, serving busy Seattle citizens who were unaware that this spot was once the home of the man who named Alki Point, owned its first store, was the instigator of the University of Washington, foresaw a great future for this ‘town of Seattle’ and drafted its first ordinances.”  (Next, we have attached an earlier photo of the Terry home before it was pivoted off of Third Avenue to face James Street.  Below the home we have added a snap of the 3rd Avenue front door to the Public Safety Building, and below that two photo that include the Columbian Cafe that Strachan visited for her research and/or edification or nutrition.  The two cafe photos are public works subjects and have their own captions with dates.)

The Terry Home on Third Avenue before its pivot for facing James Street.
The Terry Home on Third Avenue before its pivot for facing James Street.
The Public Safety Building facing Third Ave. about a dozen years ago (since destroyed) where once the Terry home revealed its lavish facade to both the village and the bay.
The Public Safety Building facing Third Ave. about a dozen years ago (since destroyed) where once the Terry home revealed its lavish facade to both the village and the bay.
The Columbian Cafe is signed just above the photo's center.  The view looks south on Third Avenue from near Cherry Street.  (Courtesy Municipal Archive)
The Columbian Cafe is signed just above the photo’s center. The view looks south on Third Avenue from near Cherry Street. (Courtesy Municipal Archive)
Looking north on Third Avenue from James Street on November 13, 1928 during some road work.   The
Looking north on a closed Third Avenue from James Street also  on November 13, 1928 during some road work. The Columbian Cafe is far-right.  (Courtesy Municipal Archive)
An early 20th Century look up Third with the Webster and Stevens Studio photographer's back toward James Street.  Note the St.Elmo Hotel at the southeast corner of Third and Cherry, on the right.  It served the fire fighters and citizens during the city's Great Fire of June 6, 1889.   You can find it as well in the 1928 photo above it.  (Courtesy, MOHAI)
An early 20th Century look up Third with the Webster and Stevens Studio photographer’s back toward James Street. Note the St.Elmo Hotel at the southeast corner of Third and Cherry, on the right. It served the fire fighters and citizens during the city’s Great Fire of June 6, 1889 when the hotel was nearly new.. You can find it as well in the 1928 photo above it. [Below, Ron has included a link to the feature we did on the above W&S photograph – (Courtesy, MOHAI)
JEAN'S repeat from not so long ago.
JEAN’S repeat from not so long ago.

By purchases and trades with pioneers Carson Boren and Doc David Maynard, the Terrys owned most of the business district and were the wealthiest couple in town.   On the sweet side of their pioneer life, they opened Seattle’s first bakery in 1864, the year they also built this jolly home, the “ornament of the town.”  In 1867 the couple ran a large advertisement in the Pacific Coast Directory, which read, in part, “C. C. TERRY, Seattle, W.T. wholesale and retail dealer in Groceries, Provisions, Cigars, etc., manufacturer of crackers and cakes of all kinds. Unlimited supply of Ship Bread constantly on hand at San Francisco prices.”  Tragically, Charles died of tuberculosis, a mere thirty-nine years old, in 1867. On the day of his death his third daughter was born.

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A Seattle Times announcement on Feb. 4, 1906 that the C.C. Terry house with its "peculiar Gothic design" was being demolished.
A Seattle Times announcement on Feb. 4, 1906 that the C.C. Terry house with its “peculiar Gothic design” was being demolished.

Sometime between the 1878 birdseye view drawing of Seattle and the 1883 Sanborn real estate map, the Terry home was pivoted 90-degrees counter-clockwise to face James Street.  At the same time the house was moved one lot east of its corner with Second Avenue, which is where we see it in the featured photo at the top. The home’s second footprint holds on in the 1904 Sanborn but not in 1908.  It was demolished in 1907.

This three-stack of Sanborn map details date from top-to-bottom, 1884, 1888 and 1893.
The above  three-stack of Sanborn map details date from, top-to-bottom, 1884, 1888 and 1893.  The Terry home sits at the bottom of block 22, to the left or west of what would have been the alley, had one been encouraged.  Note how the footprint changes for the home.  In 1884 the sun room attachment to the home’s south side when it still faced Third Avenue has been removed for good.  By 1888 the row houses at the northwest corner of Fourth Ave. and James have been added.  We can see the most westerly corner of those in the top featured photo.  Also in the 1888 Sanborn the Russell Hotel has been added to block 22’s northwest corner at the southeast corner of Third Avenue and Cherry Street.  In the photographs shared above, the Russell has had a name change to Elmo.
On the right side of this pair, the northeast quarter of C.D. Boren's Block 32 has been cleared of all, including the C.C. Terry home, by the time this 1908 Baist Real Estate map was assembled.  The row houses survive, however, at the northwest corner of James and 4th Avenue.   In the detail from the Baist map of 1912, the row is gone and the Terry home site filled with a rectangular shaped brick structure.
On the right side of this pair, the northeast quarter of C.D. Boren’s Block 32 has been cleared of all, including the C.C. Terry home, by the time this 1908 Baist Real Estate map was assembled. The row houses survive, however, at the northwest corner of James and 4th Avenue. In the detail, on the left,  from the Baist map of 1912, the row is gone and the Terry home site filled with a rectangular shaped brick structure.
The Public Safety Building took the block in 1951, one of downtown Seattle's earliest Modern Building. Here looking southwest thru the intersection of Fourth Ave. and Cherry Street, the City County building looks back, on the left, and the Smith Tower peeks over, upper-right.  The number "6." scrawled on the photo is not explained.  (Courtesy, Seattle Municipal Archive.)
The Public Safety Building took the block in 1951, one of downtown Seattle’s earliest Modern Buildings. Here looking southwest thru the intersection of Fourth Ave. and Cherry Street, the City County building looks back, on the left, and the Smith Tower looks or peeks down from above, upper-right. The number “6.” scrawled on the photo is not explained. (Courtesy, Seattle Municipal Archive.)
The bottom subject of this pair is the oldest surviving photograph of any part of Seattle.  It is conventionally (and probably accurately too) dated 1859.  It looks east towards First Hill over the Yesler home at the northeast corner of Front Street (First Ave.) and James Street, on the left.  The mid-1860s subject above it includes the ornate west facade of the Terry home at 3rd and James.   Note that the timberline around Fifth Avenue if nearly the same between the two photographs.  This suggests that at some point before 1859 the clearing of the forest in this earliest neighborhood stopped - for a spell.
The bottom subject of this pair is the oldest surviving photograph of any part of Seattle. It is conventionally (and probably accurately too) dated 1859. It looks east towards First Hill over the Yesler home, on the left, at the northeast corner of Front Street (First Ave.) and James Street.  The mid-1860s subject above it includes the ornate west facade of the Terry home at 3rd and James. Note that the timberline around Fifth Avenue is nearly the same between the two photographs. This suggests that at some point before 1859 the clearing of the forest in this earliest neighborhood stopped – for a spell.

WEB EXTRAS

Anything to add, boys?  Ron Edge begins by putting down a few links – often to the neighborhood.  We’ll conclude with the oft-used  couples portrait  of Charles and Mary, and another full-page feature on their home by Lucille McDonald, once-upon-a-time, The Seattle Times principle reporter on regional heritage.  Finally we will drop in a hide-and-seek in which the reader is encouraged to find the Terry home.

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Lucille McDonald Sept. 15, 1963 contribution to The Seattle Times.
Lucile McDonald Sept. 15, 1963 contribution to The Seattle Times. DOUBLE CLICK to Enlarge for Reading!
The Norwegian photograph Anders Wilse too this wide shot of Seattle ca. 1899 during the few years he lived in Seattle.   Can you find (part of) the Terry home here-in?  Clue 1:  The intersection of Jefferson Street and the alley between Fifth and Sixth Avenues is near the photograph's bottom-right corner.    Clue 2: The Yesler mansion, surrounded by Third, Fourth, James and Jefferson, is far left.
The Norwegian photograph Anders Wilse too this wide shot of Seattle ca. 1899 during the few years he lived in Seattle. Can you find (part of) the Terry home here-in? Clue 1: The intersection of Jefferson Street and the alley between Fifth and Sixth Avenues is near the photograph’s bottom-right corner. Clue 2: The Yesler mansion, surrounded by Third, Fourth, James and Jefferson, is far left.

I am Charlie

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Many thousand people gathered tonight Place de la République in Paris in the late afternoon to honor the 12 victims of the attack to the editor of satirical magazine Charlie Hebdo . The premises of the magazine had already been burned in 2011 after publishing the Mohammed cartoons.
Twelve hours ago, the giants of newspaper cartoons Charb, Cabu, Wolinski, Tignous and  economist  Maris and seven other persons were murdered by two men armed with Kalashnikov wanting to “avenge the Prophet “.  It seems that the cartoons of our friends were terrible weapons.
In France, we have all learned to read, to think and laugh discovering the designs of these political satirists, who defended our freedom of expression at the peril of their lives.
Je suis Charlie
Plusieurs milliers de personnes se sont rassemblées ce soir place de la République à Paris en fin d’après-midi pour rendre hommage aux 12 victimes de l’attentat à la rédaction du magazine satirique Charlie Hebdo.  Les locaux du magazine avaient  déjà été incendiés en 2011 après avoir  publié des caricatures de Mahomet.

Il y a 12 heures,  les monstres sacrés du dessin de presse Charb, Cabu, Wolinski, Tignous ainsi que l’économiste Maris et sept autres personnes ont été assassinés par deux hommes armés de kalachnikov voulant « venger le prophète. » Il faut croire que les dessins de nos amis étaient des armes terribles.

Nous avons tous en France appris à lire, à penser et à rire en découvrant les dessins de ces satiristes politiques, qui ont défendu notre liberté d’expression au péril de leur vie.

Seattle Now & Then: The Bartell’s Motorcycle Courier

(click to enlarge photos)

THEN: A motorcycle courier for Bartell Drugs poses before the chain’s Store No. 14, located in the Seaboard Building at the northwest corner of Fourth Avenue and Pike Street, circa 1929.  (Courtesy Bartell Drugs)
THEN: A motorcycle courier for Bartell Drugs poses before the chain’s Store No. 14, located in the Seaboard Building at the northeast corner of Fourth Avenue and Pike Street, circa 1929. (Courtesy Bartell Drugs)
NOW: Motorcycle historian Tom Samuelsen explains that the “END” written on the starboard side of his Suzuki is half of a discarded street sign.  “DEAD,” the other half, hangs on the out-of-sight port side.
NOW: Motorcycle historian Tom Samuelsen explains that the “END” written on the starboard side of his Suzuki is half of a discarded street sign. “DEAD,” the other half, hangs on the out-of-sight port side.

By the authority of Northwest motorcycle historian and enthusiast Tom Samuelsen – standing by his Suzuki dirt bike in the now – the cyclist in the older photograph, wrapped in leather under a billed hat, is none other than Joe Williamson, one of the founders and first president of the Puget Sound Maritime Historical Society.

PSMHS-Founders-WEB

Tom, a fisherman, is also a lover of maritime history, but it as a motorcyclist that his name may be familiar.  Tom is one of the founders of the Pacific Northwest Museum of Motorcycling, and currently the curator of the museum’s thousands of motorcycle-related photographs, ephemera and gear.  With the help of others in the nonprofit, he has organized and mounted many exhibits, including “Fastest Corner in the Northwest,” at the Museum of History and Industry in 2002.  More than once I have asked for, and received, Tom’s help in historic motorcycle matters.

2.-MOTORCYCLE-at--Madison-Park-WEB

2.-MOTORCYCLE-RACE-at-Madison-Park-WEB

It was not, however, Tom Samuelsen who first shared this photograph with Jean and me.  Rather, it was Marie McCaffrey, the executive director of our state’s on-line encyclopedia, Historylink.  The photo appears on page forty-two of The Bartell Story (Historylink’s most recent book of now more than a dozen titles since its debut in the spring of 1998), in which local author Phil Dougherty and the Historylink staff recount Bartell’s “125 Years of Service” in 140 pages between hardcovers.

Left-to-right, historylink's Marie McCaffrey, Priscilla Long and Paula Becker.
Left-to-right, historylink’s Marie McCaffrey, Priscilla Long and Paula Becker.

On the awning above Williamson and his circa 1929 Indian Scout motorcycle, the “Seattle’s OWN Drug Stores” sign is especially true here on Pike Street.  In addition to this Bartell No. 14 in the Seaboard Building at Fourth Avenue, in the 1929 Polk City Directory, the drug store chain had three more stores nearby on Pike: No. 3 at First Avenue, No. 9 at Second Avenue, and No. 7 at Fifth Avenue.  Bartell Drugs, to read from the book’s protective dust jacket, is “The oldest family-owned drugstore chain in the country.”  It is celebrating its 125th birthday with the issuance of the Historylink book.

Also in the historylink book, Bartell Store Nol. 9 with the Olympic Oscilator, which may make you a champion, in the window nearby at Bartell Store No. 9 at Second Ave. and Pike Street.
Also in the historylink book, Bartell Store No. 9 with the Olympic Oscillator, which may turn you into a champion, in the window at Bartell Store No. 9 nearby at Second Ave. and Pike Street.

When Joe Williamson first showed this featured (at the top) photograph to Tom Samuelsen, he explained that he used his Indian Scout to deliver prescriptions for Bartell, and that they paid very well, good enough to help support his love of photography. Tom claims that Joe could “charm your sox off.”  I first met Joe in the early 1980s and was similarly taken by his generous ways.  Born in 1909, Joe died in 1994, age eighty-four.

11-SEABORD full Westlake face WEB

WEB EXTRAS

Let me mention what a gas it was taking Tom Samuelsen’s picture at Westlake. We couldn’t quite get to the exact prospect of the original photo because of existing street sculpture, but we got close. In the following shot, Tom waves goodbye headed east on Pike.

Tom Samuelsen rides away easy...
Tom Samuelsen rides away easy…

Anything to add, boys?   Sure Jean.  Ron is putting up five, I think, links.  The first one begins with the American Hotel on the east side of Westlake Avenue and looks back (to the south) at Westlake’s origins at Pike Street.   Again, there may be some repetition between them, but again and again we remember my Mother Eda Garena Christiansen Dorpat’s advice, “Boys (she had four sons) repetition is the mother of all learning.”   Jean did you know that the first feature we put up was about the aftermath of a parade through this five-star intersection, and we have returned often with looks in most directions through it.   We’ll attach that first feature from January 17, 1982 at the bottom of all this.  And Jean did you also know that the last feature that touched on this corner was featured hear a mere months ago, on Dec. 6, 2014.  Ron did not offer a link to it.  We figured you could just scroll down to get to it.  Please do.

THEN:  Built in 1888-89 at the northeast corner of Fourth Avenue and Pine Street, the then named Norwegian-Danish Evangelical Lutheran Church marked the southeast corner of Denny Hill.  Eventually the lower land to the east of the church (here behind it) would be filled, in part, with hill dirt scraped and eroded from North Seattle lots to the north and west of this corner.  (Courtesy, Denny Park Lutheran Church)

http://sherrlock.files.wordpress.com/2012/11/max-loudons-girls-on-3rd-s-w-motorcycle-then-mr1.jpg?w=1095&h=734

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One of the most popular historical photos of Westalke Ave looking north from Pike Street.
One of the most popular historical photos of Westlake Ave looking north from Pike Street.
I took this "now" repeat for the "cop" picture in 2005 while on my way to a historylink staff meeting.   The link's office was then in the Joshua Green Building at the southwest corner of the intersection.
I took this “now” repeat for the “cop” picture in 2005 while on my way to a historylink staff meeting. The link’s office was then in the Joshua Green Building at the southwest corner of the intersection.
This Pacific feature first appeared in The Times on August 24, 2005.
This Pacific feature first appeared in The Times on August 24, 2005.

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THE FIRST NOW AND THEN FEATURE- FROM JAN. 17, 1982

5-FIRST-SNT-Westlake-Mall-WEB-500x367

Westlake-1st-Feature-Jan-17,-1982-WEB

[Note: the “103” in the title at the top of the above text refers to its position in the book from which it was scanned,  Seattle Now and Then, Volume One.]

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THE WESTLAKE DEATH THERMOMETER: 1939-40

THE SEATTLE TIMES caption for the above reads, "Grim reminder of what might happen to reckless and drunken drivers in heavy traffic tonight, the above wrecked automobile, involved in a recent collision, was parked today at the base of the death termometer which has beenused by the seattle Traffic and Safety Council to record the city's traffic toll.  The thermometer is at Fourth an dWetlake Avenues. Perched atop the car is "Safety Pete," official mascot of the Safety Council."
THE SEATTLE TIMES Dec. 31, 1940 caption for the above reads, “Grim reminder of what might happen to reckless and drunken drivers in heavy traffic tonight, the above wrecked automobile, involved in a recent collision, was parked today at the base of the death thermometer which has been used by the Seattle Traffic and Safety Council to record the city’s traffic toll. The thermometer is at Fourth and Westlake Avenues. Perched atop the car is “Safety Pete,” official mascot of the Safety Council.”
Later it appears that 1940 has outdone 1939 and even borrowed a few deaths.
Later it appears that 1940 has outdone 1939 and even borrowed a few deaths.

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SNOWSCAPE WITH THE TRIANGULAR BARTELL DRUGS

Readers with an interest in local snow may wish to visit the front page of this blog and find there a button for calling down a history of Seattle snows.  It is detailed enough that you may be able to figure out what snow this is with the help of the photographs dated subjects, like the automobiles.
Readers with an interest in local snow may wish to visit the front page of this blog and find there a button for calling down a history of Seattle snows. It is detailed enough that you may be able to figure out what snow this is with the help of the photograph’s dated subjects, especially the automobiles.

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WE STAND GUARD – DRIVERS OF THE BLACK OUT

Called-up following Pearl Harbor, Seattle's Blackout Patrol were on call for the few nights that the lights were all turned off.
Called-up following Pearl Harbor, Seattle’s Blackout Patrol were on call for the few nights that the lights were all turned off.

 

Seattle Now & Then: City Hall, 1908

(click to enlarge photos)

THEN: This “real photo postcard” was sold on stands throughout the city.  It was what it claimed to be; that is, its gray tones were real.  If you studied them with magnification the grays did not turn into little black dots of varying sizes. (Courtesy, David Chapman and otfrasch.com)
THEN: This “real photo postcard” was sold on stands throughout the city. It was what it claimed to be; that is, its gray tones were real. If you studied them with magnification the grays did not turn into little black dots of varying sizes. (Courtesy, David Chapman and otfrasch.com)
NOW: After a rescue in the early 1970s, this former city hall survives as the 400 Yesler Building.  Behind it rises the Fifth and Yesler Building, a recent addition to the Pioneer Square Neighborhood skyline.
NOW: After a rescue in the early 1970s, this former city hall survives as the 400 Yesler Building. Behind it rises the Fifth and Yesler Building, a recent addition to the Pioneer Square Neighborhood skyline.
About thirty years ago, or more, I took the above shot of our subject for reasons I know longer remember (if I needed one.)  The prospect then was close to Jean's now, but not so colorful.
About thirty years ago, or more, I took the above shot of our subject for reasons I no longer remember (if I needed one.) The prospect then was close to Jean’s now, but not so colorful.  And there on the far right the Grand Union Hotel still stood on the east side of Fourth Avenue.
Here's a THEN of the same intersection, which moves closer to Jean's position, or reaches beyond it to the sidewalk for a look up Terrace Street, or rather an impression of it through the windows of the Yesler Way Cable car which in this ca. 1940 shot is about on its last cable.  (Courtesy Lawton Gowey)
Here’s a THEN of the same intersection, which moves closer to Jean’s position, or reaches beyond it to the sidewalk for a look up Terrace Street, or rather an impression of it through the windows of the Yesler Way Cable car which in this ca. 1940 shot is handing on to its about last cable. (Courtesy Lawton Gowey)

Otto Theodore Frasch was one of boomtown Seattle’s most energetic postcard photographers in the early twentieth-century, when the public interest in sending and collecting postcards with “real” photographs on them was especially popular.  Local collectors generally cherish postcards with the “O.T. Frasch Seattle” credit and caption.

In this look east on Yesler Way, where it still crosses above Fourth Avenue, Frasch also printed the names of three of Seattle’s primary civic buildings on postcard No. 173.  First, left-of-center, is the triangular-shaped City Hall, the photographer’s primary subject.  It was the brick replacement for the comically named Katzenjammer frame city hall, nearby at Third and Yesler, located in what is now City Hall Park.  Earlier than No. 173, Frasch had made another postcard that included both municipal buildings on Yesler Way.  Its number, nineteen, is early for the Seattle-based photographer.

The Katzenjammer Castle (now City Hall Park) with the new City Hall, up Yesler on the far right, Frasch's No. Nineteen.  We will add his No. Eighteen next.
The Katzenjammer Castle (now City Hall Park) with the new City Hall, up Yesler on the far right, Frasch’s No. Nineteen. We will add his No. Eighteen next.
Otto Frasch's first record of City Hall (the 400 Yesler Building) near the end of its construction.
Apparently this is Otto Frasch’s first record of City Hall (the 400 Yesler Building) near the end of its construction.

Otto and Mary Frasch came here from Minnesota in 1906.  Elsie, their first daughter, was born on the way. A charming picture of the three is included on the Otto Frasch website otfrasch.com, which is web-mastered by Elsie’s great-grandson, David Chapman.  More than 500 images of Frasch’s Seattle and surrounds are featured, including the coverage of Luna Park (the family lived nearby on West Seattle’s Maryland Avenue), the Alaska Yukon and Pacific Exposition in 1909, the city’s Golden Potlatch parades from 1911 to 1913, and the 1908 visit of the Great White Fleet, all of which are worth a visit to the site. With Otto Frasch’s magnum opus of more than 1000 ascribed numbers, webmaster Chapman’s shepherding of the site continues with new discoveries.

Luna Park and Duwamish Head seen from one of its rides.
Luna Park and Duwamish Head seen from one of its thrilling and/or amusing rides.
A two-card panorama of the Alaska Yukon Pacific Exposition's fitting on the UW campus in 1909, photographed by Otto Frasch from the Capitol Hill side of Portage Bay.
A two-card panorama of the Alaska Yukon Pacific Exposition’s fitting on the UW campus in 1909, photographed by Otto Frasch from the Capitol Hill side of Portage Bay.

This “real photo postcard” No. 173 (the featured photo at the top) most likely dates from 1908.  Although barely visible in this printing, a monumental “welcome” sign for the Fleet stands high on First Hill to the left of the King County Court House dome, which resembles a wedding cake.  City Light is the third landmark noted in the caption.  With its own rooftop sign and two ornate towers, the citizen-owned utility stands above the northwest corner of Seventh Avenue and Yesler Way.  From Frasch’s prospect they escape the horizon behind a screen of power poles beyond, and to the right of City Hall.

City Light's sub-station on the north side of Yesler Way at the west side of 7th Ave. (now over the freeway pit) in a photo not by Frasch but by a city photographer who has dated it Jan. 20, 1914 at the bottom right corner.  In the City Light link included below, you will find an attached feature on this sub-station with an earlier photo of it.
City Light’s sub-station on the north side of Yesler Way at the west side of 7th Ave. (now over the freeway pit) in a photo not by Frasch but by a city photographer who has dated it Jan. 20, 1914 at the bottom right corner. In the City Light link included by Ron Edge below, you will find an attached feature with short essay on this sub-station with an earlier photo of it.
Frank Shaw recorded this look across Yesler to the
Frank Shaw recorded this look across Yesler to the Grand Union Hotel on March 7, 1963, or still eighteen years before the structure was razed on a city order.    To this side of hotel is  the Cadillac and ironic addition or a radical juxtaposition, both once popular art-crit terms?
Verily, the Grand Union Hotel's destruction as recorded in The Seattle Times for May 15, 1983.
Verily, the Grand Union Hotel’s destruction as recorded in The Seattle Times for May 15, 1983.

Otto Frasch did not include in his caption the private Grand Union Hotel, on the far right of the featured photograph on top.  Opened in the fall of 1902, it survived for eighty-one years. The May 15, 1983, issue of this newspaper includes a photograph of the hotel’s destruction under the caption, “Going Going Gone.” The Grand Union “came down without a whimper, ending years of anxiety by the city over the lack of stability in the turn-of-the-century building.”

The Desert Magazine of February 1941 reveals that years after leaving his real photo postcard business in Seattle Otto Fransch was still busy dealing, only now "desert colored glass" out of Los Angeles.  (Note the third miscellaneous down.)
The Desert Magazine of February 1941 reveals that years after leaving his real photo postcard business in Seattle Otto Frasch was still busy dealing, only then  “desert colored glass” out of Los Angeles. (Note the third miscellaneous down.)

WEB EXTRAS

Hey Paul, where’s the beef?

Jean we will answer your beef question at the bottom (the last) of the LINKS LIST that Ron Edge is putting up of subjects that are, again, mostly relevant to this week’s feature.  We encourage readers to start clicking and keep at it as long as they can – at least until they reach the beef.   Here we also note that our beloved mentor Richard Berner is having his 95th birthday this December 31, aka New Years Eve.  May we remind readers that we have on the front page of this blog Berner’s first of three books that make up his trilogy of Seattle in the first 50 years of the 20th Century.  It is included in the books button.  Appropriately, at least for his birthday,  that takes Vol. 1 up to 1920, the year that Rich was born – on its last day.   We have also pulled the little biography we wrote about Rich a few years back and copy it to the bottom of whatever else we come up with before climbing the stairs early this morning to again join the bears.  If my copy attempts fail, you will find that vital Richard (his vita) on this blog with a key word search.   Good luck to all of us.

THEN: On his visit to the Smith Tower around 1960, Wade Stevenson recorded the western slope of First Hill showing Harborview Hospital and part of Yesler Terrace at the top between 7th and 9th Avenue but still little development in the two blocks between 7th and 5th Avenues.  Soon the Seattle Freeway would create a concrete ditch between 7th and 6th (the curving Avenue that runs left-to-right through the middle of the subject.)  Much of the wild and spring fed landscape between 6th and 5th near the bottom of the revealing subject was cleared for parking.  (Photo by Wade Stevenson, courtesy of Noel Holley)

THEN: The Sprague Hotel at 706 Yesler Way was one of many large structures –hotels, apartments and duplexes, built on First Hill to accommodate the housing needs of the city’s manic years of grown between its Great Fire in 1889 and the First World War. Photo courtesy Lawton Gowey

========

BERNER’S BOOMTOWN

(click to enlarge photos)

We are pleased now to introduce Seattle 1900-1920: From Boomtown, Urban Turbulence to Restoration, the first of Richard C. Berner’s three books named together Seattle in the 20th Century. When the details, stories, and insights are explored with a close reading, Berner’s accomplishment is by far our widest opening into Seattle’s twentieth century, the first half of it, from the 1900 to 1950.  Those fifty years were also the second half of Seattle’s first hundred years, if we begin our counting with the footsteps of mid-western farmers settling here in the early 1850s.

Richard Berner, a recent portrait
Richard Berner, a recent portrait

Volume one was first published in 1991 by Charles Press, and the publisher – “Rich” Berner himself – made a modest list of its contents on the back cover. We will repeat it. “Politics of Seattle’s urbanization: dynamics of reform, public ownership movement, turbulent industrial relations, effects of wartime hysteria upon newfound civil liberties – all responding to the huge influx of aspiring recruits to the middle class & organized labor as they confronted the established elite. Includes outlines of the economy, cultural scene, public education, population characteristics & ethnic history.”

For this “printing” we have added many captioned illustrations, some of them copied from news reports of the events Berner examines, and we have almost always succeeded in placing each next to the text it illustrates. On-line illustrated editions of Volume 2: Seattle 1921-1940, From Boom to Bust and Volume 3: Seattle Transformed, World War 2 to Cold War will follow – but not at the moment.The collecting of illustrations and putting them in revealing order with the narratives for Volume 2 and 3 is still a work in progress.Readers who want to “skip ahead” of our illustrated presentations of Berner’s three books here on dorpatsherrardlomont can find the complete set of his history as originally published in local libraries or through interlibrary loans.

How Rich Berner managed it is a charmed story. He undertook what developed into his magnus opus after retiring in 1984 from his position as founder and head of the University of Washington Archives and Manuscripts Division. Between the division’s origin in 1958 and his retirement Rich not only built the collection but also studied it. Berner worked closely with Bob Burke, the U.W. History professor most associated with the study of regional history who first recommended Berner, a University of California, Berkeley graduate in history and library science, for the U.W. position. Together, the resourceful professor and the nurturing archivist shepherded scores of students in their use of the archive. Rich Berner is the first to acknowledge that he also learned from the students as they explored and measured the collection for dissertations and other publications. By now their collected publications can be imagined as its own “shelf” of Northwest History.

News clipping showing Rich C. Berner “as curator of manuscripts for the University of Washington Library.”
News clipping showing Rich C. Berner “as curator of manuscripts for the University of Washington Library.”

Rich Berner showed himself also a good explicator of his profession. His influential book, Archival Theory and Practice in the United States: A Historical Analysis was published by the University of Washington Press in 1983 and was awarded the Waldo Gifford Leland Prize by the Society of American Archivists. Composing this historical study on top of establishing and nourishing the University’s Archive and Manuscripts Division may be fairly considered a life’s achievement, but, with his 1984 retirement Berner continue to work in the archive at writing his three-volume history. He published Volume Three in 1999, and so, continuing the charm of this entire production, he completed Seattle in the 20th Century before the century (and millennium) was over.

Rich & Thelma
Rich & Thelma

(Lest we imagine this scholar chained to his archive we know that with his wife Thelma, a professor of Physiology and Biophysics in the U.W. Medical School and the first woman appointed Associate Dean of the UW graduate school, this famously zestful couple managed to often take to the hills and mountains.)

Rich was born in Seattle in 1920- the last year explored in this his first volume.His father worked on the docks as a machinist, and for a time was “blacklisted” by employers because of his union advocacy.During the depression, while Rich was attending classes at Garfield High School, his mother ran a waterfront café on the Grand Trunk Pacific’s pier at the foot of Madison Street.

Rich in uniform
Rich in uniform

During the war Rich served with the Army’s 10th Mountain Division.Following it with help from the GI Bill he matriculated at Cal-Berkeley with degrees in both history and library science.It was also in Berkeley that he first met Robert Burke, then Director of the Manuscript Collection of the Bancroft Library. Rich worked part time there.

For Seattle, as for any city of size, there is a “canon” of publications that are necessary reading for anyone wanting to get a grip on local history. The first half of the Seattle Canon may be said to begin with Pioneer Arthur Denny’s Pioneer Reminiscences of 1888. The pioneer canon receives its own magnus opus with the combined works – multi-volume histories of Seattle and King County – of Clarence Bagley, himself a pioneer. That Berner was already attending Seattle’s T.T. Minor grade school in 1926 when Bagley was still three years away from publishing his History of King County is evidence of the “Boomtown” included in the title of this Berner’s first of three books on Seattle history.

With rare exceptions the books included in this first part of the Seattle Canon were published by their subjects, like Denny’s still revealing Reminiscences, or under the direction and/or support of their subjects, like Bagley’s still helpful volumes.They are generally “picturesque histories” written to make their subjects seem more appealing than they often were.The stock of motives for “doing heritage” are there generally supportive or positive, showing concern for the community, admiration for its builders, the chance to tell good stories, and often also the desire to learn about one’s forebears although primarily those truths that are not upsetting.Not surprisingly, and again with rare exceptions, these booster-historians and their heritage consumers were members of a minority of citizens defined by their wealth, race and even religion.It would be a surprise to find any poor socialists, animists or even affluent Catholics among them.

Part Two of the Seattle Canon may be said to have popularly begun with Skid Road, historian-journalist Murray Morgan’s charming and yet still raking history of Seattle. Published in 1951, the year of Seattle’s centennial, it is still in print, and has never been out of it. Richard Berner has dedicated Seattle 1900-1920: From Boomtown, Urban Turbulence to Restoration to Morgan.The post-war canon is often corrective of the sins of the pioneers.The works of Morgan and many others, certainly including Berner, are not generally clothed in the pious harmonies of their predecessors, the ordinarily stress-free narratives expected of those who were writing under the “pioneer code.”

In our opinion Rich Berner’s three-volume Seattle in the 20th Century is the greatest single achievement of our Seattle Canon – “part two.”It has the scope and details required.It is profoundly instructive and filled with the characters and turns of fate that any storyteller might admire and wisely exploit.Within Berner’s three books are the wonders of what they did, the touchstones of their devotions and deceptions, their courage and hypocrisy, meanness and compassion.Certainly, it has been our pleasure to help illustrate this the first volume and to also continue on now with volumes two and three.

Paul Dorpat 10/1/2009

Archivist-Antiquarian as Young-Equestrian posing in front of the Berner family home on Seattle’s Cherry Street.
Archivist-Antiquarian as Young-Equestrian posing in front of the Berner family home on Seattle’s Cherry Street.
Student at Seattle’s Garfield High School
Student at Seattle’s Garfield High School
Rich Berner’s father, top-center: machinist on the Seattle waterfront.
Rich Berner’s father, top-center: machinist on the Seattle waterfront.
“High school or college, I’m no longer sure.” - Rich Berner
“High school or college, I’m no longer sure.” – Rich Berner
Rich Berner, second row third from left, posing for a group portrait of the U.S. Army’s 10th Mountain Division at a Colorado camp during the Second World War.
Rich Berner, second row third from left, posing for a group portrait of the U.S. Army’s 10th Mountain Division at a Colorado camp during the Second World War.
With Thelma on Mt. Stuart
With Thelma on Mt. Stuart
Thelma
Thelma & Rich
The Robert Gray Award from the Washington State Historical Society
The Robert Gray Award from the Washington State Historical Society

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FOUR MORE of the 400 YESLER WAY Building

A Webster and Stevens Studio photo of City Hall from the same (or about the same) time as the Frasch photographs on top.  (Courtesy, the Museum of History and Industry)
A Webster and Stevens Studio photo of City Hall from the same (or about the same) time as the Frasch photographs on top. (Courtesy, the Museum of History and Industry)
Lawton Gowey dated this slide May 24, 1970.
Lawton Gowey dated this slide May 24, 1970.
Gowey shows up on the eve of restoration with the sidewalk barriers and protection in place along the north side of Yesler Way.  Gowey dates this February 7, 1977.
Gowey shows up on the eve of restoration with the sidewalk barriers and protection in place along the north side of Yesler Way. Gowey dates this February 7, 1977.

Now & Then here and now

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